All 187 seats in the West Bengal state assembly
94 seats needed for a majority
The West Bengal State Assembly Election of 1952 was a part of the series of Legislative Assembly elections in 1952.
On the political left, two alliances had emerged the United Socialist Organisation of India (an alliance between the Communist Party of India, the Socialist Republican Party and the Forward Bloc (Marxist Group)) and the People's United Socialist Front (comprising the Socialist Party, the Forward Bloc (Ruikar) and the Revolutionary Communist Party of India).
Alliance wise result
The election was won by the Indian National Congress, who got a majority of its own in the assembly. The communists became the largest opposition party.
|TOTAL (1952)||39||TOTAL (1952)||2||TOTAL (1952)||150||TOTAL (1952)||13||TOTAL (1952)||34|
Party wise result
|Indian National Congress||236||150||63.56||2,889,994||38.82|
|Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party||129||15||6.36||667,446||8.97|
|Communist Party of India||86||28||11.86||800,951||10.76|
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||85||9||3.81||415,458||5.58|
|Forward Bloc (Marxist Group)||48||11||4.66||393,591||5.29|
|Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha||33||4||1.69||1,76,762||2.37|
|Forward Bloc (Ruikar)||32||2||0.85||1,07,905||1.45|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||16||0||63,173||0.85|
|Revolutionary Communist Party of India (Tagore)||10||0||32,859||0.44|
|Bolshevik Party of India||8||0||20117||0.27|
|Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad||14||0||7,100||0.10|
|Total seats||238||Voters||17,628,239||Turnout||7,443,903 (42.23 %)|
On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, a portion of the Purnea district east of the river Mahananda and the Purulia sub-district of the Manbhum district in the south (except Char Thana) were transferred from Bihar to West Bengal. Thus, assembly constituencies in West Bengal increased from 187 (238 seats) to 195 (252 seats) during 1957 assembly elections.
- Contested as independents. Rao (2003) estimates that they had 19 candidates, out of whom 4 were elected.
- M.V.S. Koteswara Rao. Communist Parties and United Front - Experience in Kerala and West Bengal. Hyderabad: Prajasakti Book House, 2003. p. 213.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
- "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. October 15, 1955. Retrieved July 25, 2015.