58th Combined Arms Army

Russian field army

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58th Army (I Formation) (Nov. 1941 – Aug. 1942)
58th Army (II Formation) (Aug. 1942 – Oct. 1943)
58th Army (III Formation) (1995–present)
Great emblem of the 58th Combined Arms Army.svg
Emblem of the 58th Army
Active1941–present
CountrySoviet Union
Russia (present)
BranchRed Army
Russian Ground Forces (present)
TypeField army
Sizeseveral corps or divisions
Part ofNorth Caucasus Military District (1995–2010)
Southern Military District (2010–present)
Garrison/HQVladikavkaz
Engagements1940-1944 Chechnya insurgency
Second Chechen War
Russo-Georgian War
Russian military intervention in Ukraine (claimed by Ukraine)
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant General Mikhail Stepanovich Zusko
Insignia
NATO Map Symbol
58
NATO Map Symbol - Unit Size - Army.svg
ОА
Military Symbol - Hostile Unit (Monochrome Light 1.5x1 Frame)- Infantry (NATO APP-6).svg

The 58th Army (Russian: 58-я общевойсковая армия, 58th Combined Arms Army) is an army of the Russian Ground Forces, headquartered at Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia-Alania, within Russia's Southern Military District. It was formed in 1941 as part of the Soviet Union's Red Army and has been part of the Russian Army since 1995.

World War II

Personnel of the directorate of the 58th Combined Arms Army.

It was first formed in the Siberian Military District in November 1941, including the 362nd, 364th, 368th, 370th, 380th, and 384th Rifle Divisions and the 77th Cavalry Division and moved to the Arkhangelsk Military District, but then the Army was redesignated the 3rd Tank Army in May 1942. It was reestablished within the Kalinin Front in June 1942, and in July included the 16th and 27th Guards Rifle Divisions, the 215th and 375th Rifle Divisions, the 35th and 81st Tank Brigades, and other support units.[1]

It was reformed in the Transcaucasian Front from the 24th Army on 28 August 1942, under General Vasily Khomenko of the NKVD. Much of its senior cadre also came from the NKVD, and among its missions was to keep order in the Caucasus, particularly in the Groznyi and Makhachkala regions.[2] This was because of a Chechen uprising that had gone on since 1941 (see 1940-1944 Chechnya insurgency). 58th Army later joined the North Caucasus Front. On 1 November 1942 it consisted of the 271st and 416th Rifle Division, and the Makhachkala Division of the NKVD.[3] Prior to the North Caucasus Front putting its main effort into the Kerch-Eltigen Operation (November 1943) the Army HQ was reorganised as Headquarters Volga Military District in October 1943.[4]

Commanders

Chief of Staff

Second Chechen War (1999–2000)

The headquarters was reformed in 1995 in the North Caucasus Military District from the 42nd Army Corps at Vladikavkaz.
During the Second Chechen War, the Army was commanded by then Lieutenant General Vladimir Shamanov.[5]

Russo-Georgian War (2008)

On 3 August 2008, five battalions of the Russian 58th Army were moved to the vicinity of Roki Tunnel that links Georgia's breakaway South Ossetia with Russia's North Ossetia.[6]

On 8 August 2008 [7][8][9] the 58th Army crossed the border into Georgia and engaged in combat against Georgian forces, most notably in the city of Tskhinvali.[10][11] Its then-commander, Lieutenant General Anatoly Khrulyov was wounded in action.[12]

Russian invasion of Ukraine (2014–present)

BM-21 "27777" launch vehicle at display in Kiev 2014.

In June 2014 Ukrainian troops captured a damaged BM-21 Grad launcher, which the Ukrainians identified as equipment of the 58th Army of the Russian Federation.[13]

Major general Sergey Kuzovlev became commander of the army on 18 August 2016.[14] In late 2016 the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division had been reformed from the 8th Guards Mountain Motor Rifle Brigade, the 17th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade, and the 18th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade.[15] In January 2017, 20th Guards Army commander Major general Yevgeny Nikiforov replaced Kuzovlev.[16]

On the eve of the 2022 Russo-Ukraine War, it was reported that the headquarters of the 58th Army had deployed to Crimea commanding between 12 and 17 battalion tactical groups.[17][18]

Order of Battle, 2003

Structure 58th Army (2003).

The Army operates in a close coordination with the 4th Air Force and Air Defence Army of the district, and includes:[19]

  • 42nd Motor Rifle DivisionKhankala and Kalinovskaya in the Chechnya
  • 19th Motor Rifle Division – Vladikavkaz
  • 205th Separate Motorized Rifle Brigade – Budenovsk
  • 136th Guards Separate Motorized Rifle Brigade – Buynaksk, Dagestan
  • 135th Separate Motorized Rifle Regiment – Prochladny, Kabardino-Balkaria
  • 291st Separate Artillery Brigade – Maikop – (equipped with 2A65)
  • 943rd Multiple Rocket Launcher Regiment – Krasnooktabrsky (Uragan 220mm MRL)
  • 1128th Anti-Tank Regiment – Maikop
  • 67th Separate Anti-Aircraft Rocket Brigade (SAM) – Volgograd area (SA-11 'Buk' SAM)
  • 487th Separate Helicopter Regiment (Mi-8/Mi-24) – Budenovsk
  • 11th Separate Engineer Regiment – Kavkazskay
  • 234th Separate Signals Regiment – Vladikavkaz
  • 22nd Separate Regiment of Electronic Warfare- Vladikavkaz

Order of Battle, 2016

Order of Battle, 2021

PP-2005 pontoon bridge of the 78th Logistic Support Brigade. 31 January 2020.

Notes

  1. ^ Combat Composition of the Soviet Army Archived 20 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, 1 July 1942
  2. ^ David Glantz, personal correspondence, December 2007
  3. ^ BSSA via
  4. ^ David Glantz, Companion to Colossus Reborn, 2005, p.59
  5. ^ p.109, Murphy
  6. ^ Talking Through Gritted Teeth. BBC Monitoring, 6 August 2008
  7. ^ Torrey Clark and Greg Walters, Putin Says `War Has Started,' Georgia Claims Invasion (Update4), Bloomberg.com, 8 August 2008
  8. ^ Finn, Peter (9 August 2008). "Russian Air, Ground Forces Strike Georgia". The Washington Post.
  9. ^ "Russian tanks enter South Ossetia". BBC News. 8 August 2008.
  10. ^ http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L8402970.htm Oleg Shchedrov reporting for Reuters, Russian troops close to S. Ossetian capital, Moscow, 8 13 August:38:12 GMT (Reuters)
  11. ^ http://lenta.ru/news/2008/08/08/peacekeepers/ Минобороны РФ заявило о расстреле российских миротворцев, Lenta.ru, Rambler Media Group, Saturday, 09.08.2008, 03:45:33
  12. ^ Solovyov, Dmitry (9 August 2008). "Russian general wounded in Georgia's rebel region". Reuters. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
  13. ^ "Statement by the Delegation of Ukraine at the 774-th FSC plenary meeting " OSCE, 12/10/2014.
  14. ^ "Заместителем командующего войсками ЮВО стал генерал-лейтенант Андрей Гурулев" [Lieutenant General Andrei Gurulev new Southern Military District deputy commander]. TASS (in Russian). 18 August 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  15. ^ "В ЮВО на территории Чечни завершается формирование 42-й мотострелковой дивизии". structure.mil.ru. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Генерал-майор Евгений Никифоров назначен командующим 58-й армией" [Major general Yevgeny Nikiforov appointed 58th Army commander]. TASS (in Russian). 15 January 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  17. ^ https://twitter.com/HN_Schlottman/status/1495446742833283073[bare URL]
  18. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 121, 14 February - 20 February 2022".
  19. ^ Russian Ground Forces in the North Caucasus Military District v.1.0 1 December 2003, Colin Robinson (editing and some text), Vadim Teplitskiy(unit list), and Craig Crofoot (history text), via http://www.orbat.com
  20. ^ a b "Чеченские мотострелки передислоцированы на Ставрополье" [Chechen motor rifles relocated to Stavropol]. Caucasian Knot (in Russian). 26 August 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  21. ^ "Войсковая часть 27777 (18-я ОМСБр)" [Military Unit No. 27777 (18th OMSBr)]. voinskayachast.net (in Russian). 4 September 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  22. ^ "Войсковая часть 20634 (19-я ОМСБр)" [Military Unit Number 20634 (19th OMSBr)]. voinskayachast.net (in Russian). 17 March 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  23. ^ "Войсковая часть 22220 (20-я Гв.ОМСБр)" [Military Unit Number 22220 (20th Gv OMSBr]. voinskayachast.net (in Russian). 7 May 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Войсковая часть 63354 (136-я ОМСБр)" [Military Unit Number 63354 (136th OMSBr)]. voinskayachast.net (in Russian). 10 March 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  25. ^ "Войсковая часть 64670 (291-я АртБр)" [Military Unit Number 64670 (291st ArtBr)]. voinskayachast.net (in Russian). 16 November 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
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