All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Political party of India

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All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
AbbreviationAIMIM
PresidentAsaduddin Owaisi
SecretarySyed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
Lok Sabha leaderAsaduddin Owaisi
FounderSultan Salahuddin Owaisi
Founded12 November 1927 (93 years ago) (1927-11-12)
HeadquartersDarussalam, Aghapura, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
NewspaperEtemaad Daily (Urdu)
IdeologyIslamic democracy[1]
ColoursGreen
ECI StatusTelangana (State party) [2]
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance (2008–2012)
Grand Democratic Secular Front (2020–) Bhagidari Sankalp morcha (2020–)
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies & Legislative Council
Election symbol
kite
Website
www.aimim.org

The All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen (lit.'All India Council for Unity of Muslims', AIMIM) is an Indian political party[3] claiming to promote the social, economical, and educational development and effective representation of Muslims, Dalits, other minorities and underprivileged communities in India,[4] based in the Indian state of Telangana,[5][6] with its head office in the Aghapura, Hyderabad, which has its roots in the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[7][8][9][10]

AIMIM has held the Lok Sabha seat for the Hyderabad constituency since 1984. In the 2014 Telangana Legislative Assembly elections, the AIMIM won seven seats and received recognition as a 'state party' by the Election Commission of India.[2][11]

The AIMIM was initially a city-based party, with influence only in Hyderabad, but the party won two seats in the 2014 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election and one seat in the 2019 Maharashtra Lok Sabha[12][13] and emerged as the second largest party in the Aurangabad municipal elections.[14] The party president and member of parliament Asaduddin Owaisi received the Sansad Ratna Award for 2014. The party has long been seen as a political representation of Muslims in the state of Telangana now nationwide.[8][15] On 10 January 2020, party president Asad Uddin Owaisi led a protest against CAA, NRC, NPR at Shastripuram grounds in Hyderabad after Friday prayers. This rally named Tiranga Rally is organised by the United Muslim Action Committee, an umbrella group of religious and social scholars and several small welfare organisations of India. The protesters demanded the immediate revocation of CAA.

AIMIM won 5 assembly seats in Muslim dominated Seemanchal region in Bihar assembly Election 2020.[16]

History

Late Qaaid-e-Millat Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung
Qasim Razvi chalking out plans during Operation Polo

The party has roots back to the days of the princely State of Hyderabad. It was founded and shaped by Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan Qiledar of Hyderabad State with the "advice" of Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad and in the presence of Ulma-e-Mashaeqeen in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party.[17] Then it was only Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) and the first meeting was held in the house of Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan on 12 November 1927. The MIM advocated the set up of a "Muslim dominion" rather than integration with India.[18][19][20] In 1938, Bahadur Yar Jung was elected "president" of the MIM which had a "cultural" and religious manifesto. It soon acquired political complexion and after the death of Bahadur Yar Jang in 1944, Qasim Rizvi was elected as the leader.[21]

The Razakars, led by Kasim Razvi, were an Islamist paramilitary organization of self-styled "volunteers" formed, ostensibly, to "resist merger" with India. Razvi and MIM wanted a Muslim country to be carved out of Hyderabad as South Pakistan.[22] The Razakars operated as "storm troopers" for the MIM. The 150,000 Razakar "soldiers", supposedly "mobilized" to "fight against the Indian Union" for the "independence" of Hyderabad State.[This quote needs a citation] After the Indian annexation of Hyderabad State, the MIM was banned in 1948. Qasim Rizvi was jailed from 1948 to 1957, and was released on the condition that he would go to Pakistan where he was granted an asylum.[23]

Before leaving, Qasim Rizvi handed over the responsibility of whatever remained of the Ittehadul Muslimeen, to Abdul Wahid Owaisi, a lawyer. Owaisi organised it into the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[24][25] After Abdul Wahed Owaisi, his son Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi took control of AIMIM in 1975 and was referred to as Salar E Millat (commander of the community).[26][27][28]

Programme

AIMIM says it defends the rights of "Muslims, Dalits, Adivasis, Other Backward Classes, Other Minorities and all other underprivileged communities." It states allegiance to the Constitution of India and its secular democracy.[29]

Leadership

Post Name
National President Asaduddin Owaisi[30]
General Secretary Syed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
National Spokesperson Waris Pathan[31]
National Spokesperson Asim Waqar[32]
Telangana Assembly Floor Leader Akbaruddin Owaisi[33]
Karnataka President Usman Ghani Humnabad[34]
Tamil Nadu President Abdul Rahim Khan
Gujarat President Sabirbhai Kabuliwala[35]
Maharashtra President Imtiyaz Jaleel
Jharkhand President Hubban Malick[36]
Bihar President Akhtarul Iman
Delhi President Kalimul hafiz
Uttar Pradesh President Shaukat Ali
Uttrakhand President Nayyer Kazmi[37]

In Indian politics

Abdul Wahid Owaisi – Revived AIMIM in 1958

In 1960, AIMIM won the Mallepally ward of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. In 1962, Salahuddin won from Patharghatti assembly seat as an independent candidate and later from Charminar constituency in 1967. In 1972, he won from Yakutpura and later in 1978, again from Charminar.

In 1984 AIMIM emerged victorious in the Hyderabad Lok Sabha Seat and Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi represented Hyderabad till 2004. Since then, Salahuddin's elder son Asaduddin Owaisi represents the seat of Hyderabad.[38][39][40] Mohammad Majid Hussain of the AIMIM was unanimously elected as the Mayor of Greater Hyderabad on 2 January 2012.[41]

AIMIM was once reduced to a single Assembly seat in Andhra Pradesh in 1994.[42] On 12 November 2012, Asaduddin Owaisi announced the withdrawal of support to the UPA government citing communal policies of the current Congress-led government.[43][44] All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen was then supporting Congress, both at Centre and at state level in Andhra Pradesh.[45][46][47]

In the Hyderabad Municipality election of 2009, AIMIM won 43 out of 150 seats in the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad[48] was appointed as Mayor of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Mohammad Majid Hussain.[49] Party president Asaduddin Owaisi won the Sansad Ratna award for his outstanding performance in lok Sabha.[50]

AIMIM made entry into Maharashtra state by winning 13 seats in Nanded-Waghala city municipal council polls held in October 2012.[51] AIMIM made its entry into Karnataka state by winning 6 seats in Karnataka local body elections held in March 2013.[52] In the 2014 elections, AIMIM contested in 35 MLA (20 in Telangana and 15 in Seemandhra) and 6 MP seats in undivided Andhra Pradesh, but was not able to win any extra seats and won the same seven Assembly seats and one lone Lok Sabha seat in Old Hyderabad city.[53]

Nizamabad has been a stronghold of MIM due to its dominant Muslim population. In the 2014 elections, MIM won 16 divisions, as much as the Congress, of the total 50 in Nizamabad City Municipal Corporation.[54] They lost the assembly seat to TRS but secured the position of Deputy Mayor of the city.[55] However, in the 2020 elections, MIM managed to secure an upper hand over Telangana Rashta Samithi by once again winning 16 of the 60 divisions coming only next to BJP's 28 seats. The TRS and MIM in alliance regained the city's Mayor and Deputy Mayor's post.

MIM also secured the Bhainsa municipality by winning 12 wards after a gap of ten years.[56] The party has for the first time opened its account in Seemandhra by securing five wards of Adoni municipality in Kurnool district.[54]

AIMIM performed very well in Uttar Pradesh Civic Body Elections 2017 and registered victory on 31 seats out of 78 seats it contested. In 2018, AIMIM has collaborated with Prakash Ambedkar's Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi party in Maharashtra.[57][58] AIMIM and VBA contested the 2019 Lok Sabha elections in Maharashtra. Out of the 48 seats AIMIM contested one seat of Aurangabad and the VBA candidate for the remaining 47 seats. Imtiyaz Jaleel won the Aurangabad seat.

AIMIM has opened their account in Bihar by winning Kishanganj assembly seat in by-elections. Qamrul Hoda defeated nearest BJP candidate by more than 10,000 votes.

AIMIM win 5 assembly seats in Muslim dominant seemanchal region Bihar assembly election 2020[59]

AIMIM won 17 seats in Ahmedabad and Debunt in Gujarat politics during February 2021 Gujarat local corporation election Aimim became main opposition party in Modasa Nagarpalika by winning 9 seats and also win 7 and 20 seats respectively in Bharuch and Godhra Nagarpalika with kicking BJP out in Godhra with support of independents during Gujarat local body election.[60]

Electoral performance

General elections
Lok Sabha
Election year Overall votes % of
overall vote
Seats contested Seats won +/– in seats
1989 0.21% 1 1 Increase
1991 0.16% 1 Steady
1996 340,070 0.1% 1 Steady
1998 0.13% 1 Steady
1999 448,165 0.12% 1 Steady
2004 378,854 0.1% 1 Steady
2009 308,061 0.07% 1 1 Steady
2014 685,730 0.12% 5 1 Steady
2019 1,201,542 0.20% 3 2 1 Increase
State assembly elections
Election Year Overall votes % of
overall votes
Seats contested Seats won +/- in seats Sitting side
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
1989
(Debut)
1.99% 35
4 / 294
Increase 4
1994 0.7% 20
1 / 294
Decrease 3
1999 1.05% 5
4 / 294
Increase 3
2004 375,165 1.05% 7
4 / 294
Steady
2009 349,896 0.83% 8
7 / 294
Increase 3
Telangana Legislative Assembly
2014
(New State Assembly)
7,37,134 1.52% 35
7 / 119
Increase 7
2018 561,089 2.7% 8
7 / 119
Steady
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
2014
(Debut)
489,614 0.93% 24
2 / 288
Increase 2
2019 737,888 1.34% 44
2 / 288
Steady
Bihar Legislative Assembly
2015
(Debut)
80,248 0.2% 6
0 / 243
Steady
2020 523,279 1.24% 20
5 / 243
Increase 5 GDSF

Headquarters

The main party office is located within Darussalam, where Deccan College of Engineering and Technology, Deccan School of Pharmacy, Deccan School of Planning and Architecture, and Deccan School of Management are also located. The Etemaad Press Office is also situated adjacent to the engineering college. The open grounds on the campus are also used from time to time to organize political gatherings (termed as "jalsa") where the party leaders deliver speeches to public and media alike.

Non-Muslim candidates

AIMIM has occasionally fielded Hindus in various assembly and local body elections.[61][62][63][64][65] The AIMIM selected Alampally Pochiah as its First Mayor in the City.[66] MIM had three Hindu Hyderabad mayors- K. Prakash Rao, A. Satyanarayana and Alampalli Pochaiah.[67] A Muralidhar Reddy, Hindu candidate being fielded for an assembly seat by Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen from Rajendranagar constituency.

In 2013 local elections the party fielded a woman candidate from Hindu OBC, V.Bhanumathi, who won election against Hajira Sultana from Congress by 1,282 votes.[68]

Philanthropy

AIMIM donated relief worth 78.75 lakh for Uttarakhand flood victims in 2013.[69][70]

AIMIM donated over 4 crores aid to the Chennai floods victims of Chennai in December 2015. The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) Chief Asaduddin Owaisi donated over 4 crores aid to the flood affected victims of Chennai.[71]

AIMIM donated over 5 crores aid to the 2017 Bihar flood victims in August 2017.[72]

During the 2018 Floods in Kerala State, AIMIM donated 1.6 Crores and medicines worth 50 lakh to the flood relief fund.[73][74]

During 2020 Delhi riots, AIMIM organized two medical relief camps in Delhi and donated medicines worth 40 Lakhs. Asaduddin Owaisi announced that all elected representatives of AIMIM will donate one month of their salary for those affected by the Delhi riots.[75]

References

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External links

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