Battle of Slavutych

battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

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Battle of Slavutych
Part of the Kyiv offensive of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Мітинг проти російської окупації у Славутичі.jpg
Anti-occupation protests in Slavutych, 26 March
Date18–27 March 2022
(1 week and 2 days)
Location
Result

Russian victory

  • Russian forces capture the town,[1] confiscate all weapons[2] and withdraw[3]
Belligerents
 Russia  Ukraine
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Oleksiy Vysotskyi
Oleksandr Koval
Units involved
 Russian Armed Forces

 Ukrainian Armed Forces

Casualties and losses
Unknown At least 3 killed
At least 1 civilian wounded

The Battle of Slavutych was a military engagement which took place during the Kyiv offensive of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine in the city of Slavutych, a purpose-built settlement for workers in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Russian forces attacked and besieged the city for nine days in March 2022, forcing out Ukrainian defenders. As in Konotop, the Russians agreed with Ukrainian authorities to not enter the city in return for residents not attacking nor opposing Russian forces.

Timeline

Initial siege and humanitarian crisis

Russian forces surrounded Slavutych on 18 March, laying siege to the city and cutting off all supplies of food and medicine from outside the city.[4] The city's electricity supply was disconnected; after Ukrenergo employees repaired damaged electricity lines to reconnect the city, Russian forces damaged them again. Security checkpoints were set up on the outskirts of the city, although evacuation of civilians from the city remained impossible.[5]

Fighting escalated in the Slavutych area on 23 March, after Russian forces opened fire on a security checkpoint in the outskirts of the city.[6] The shelling of the outskirts of Slavutych continued into 24 March, with conditions within the besieged city described as a "humanitarian catastrophe".[7] On 25 March, reports emerged that Russian snipers had potentially infiltrated within the city; Slavutych City Council issued a curfew as a result, forbidding residents from moving around the city.[8]

End of battle and Russian withdrawal

On 26 March, Russian armed forces entered Slavutych unopposed, after attacking the armed checkpoints in the outskirts. The city hospital was captured by Russian forces. Reports emerged that Russian troops had abducted the mayor of Slavutych, Yuri Fomichev; he was ultimately released in time to address a protest rally against the Russian invasion which took place later that day in the city square.[9] More than 5,000 residents of the city took part in the peaceful protest,[10] until it was disrupted by Russian troops firing warning shots and launching stun grenades into the crowd, injuring at least one civilian.[11] Footage of protesters fleeing stun grenades circulated online internationally; the attack on a peaceful protest rally by civilians is a possible war crime.

In an address at the protest rally, the mayor of Slavutych assured Russian forces that there were no military forces or weapons within the city, telling them that they should withdraw as a result.[12] Subsequently, Russian forces withdrew from the city centre into the city's outer suburbs.[13]

The mayor of Slavutych agreed to allow Russian forces to search the city for weapons in order for them to agree to withdraw from the city. This process was completed on 27 March, and Russian troops exited Slavutych.[2] Subsequently, humanitarian corridors were established in order to allow supplies and humanitarian aid to enter the city and give civilians the opportunity to evacuate for the first time in nine days.

References

  1. ^ "Russian forces are occupying city housing Chernobyl workers, mayor says". The Washington Post. 26 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Російські окупанти залишили Славутич". Interfax Україна (in Ukrainian). 28 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Ukraine says Russian forces pushed back around Kyiv but fighting rages". Reuters. 1 April 2022.
  4. ^ СЛАВУТИЧ, ПОНЕДІЛОК (14 March 2022). "Славутич повністю ізольований і потребує продуктів харчування, - ОВА". РБК-Україна (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  5. ^ "ЧАЕС та Славутич знову без електрики. Окупанти пошкодили відремонтовану лінію". Liga.net (in Ukrainian). 14 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  6. ^ ТИЩЕНКО, КАТЕРИНА (23 March 2022). "Київщина: росіяни обстріляли блокпост у Славутичі, місто заблоковане". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Місто-супутник ЧАЕС. Російські окупанти намагаються штурмувати Славутич". nv.ua (in Ukrainian). 24 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  8. ^ "У Славутичі суворо заборонили цивільним пересуватися містом: яка причина". TSN.ua (in Ukrainian). 25 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  9. ^ БАЛАЧУК, ІРИНА (26 March 2022). "У Славутичі є поранені, але мера окупанти відпустили". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  10. ^ РОЩІНА, ОЛЕНА. "Мер окупованого Славутича: Компромісів не було, росіяни поставили одну умову". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). 27 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  11. ^ Орлова, Віолетта (26 March 2022). "Танки РФ ввійшли у Славутич: містяни зібралися на проукраїнські протести". unian.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  12. ^ Комісарова, Олександра (26 March 2022). "Окупанти РФ відпустили мера Славутича, він розповів про "домовленості"". PublicNews (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  13. ^ "Загарбники вийшли з центру Славутича і стоять на околицях". ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). 26 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
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