Battle of Sumy

battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

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Battle of Sumy
Part of the Northeastern Ukraine offensive and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Batalla de Sumy.png
Situation around Sumy on 21 March 2022
Date24 February – 4 April 2022
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Location
Sumy, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine
Result

Ukrainian victory

Belligerents
 Russia  Ukraine
Units involved

 Russian Armed Forces

 Ukrainian Armed Forces
Casualties and losses
Per Ukraine:
100 tanks[2]
104 Russians captured[3]
Per Ukraine:
81+ killed[4][5][6]
12+ wounded[7]
Per Ukraine: At least 100 civilians killed[8][9][10][11]

The battle of Sumy was a military engagement which began on 24 February 2022, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, as part of the Northeastern Ukraine offensive, and ended on 4 April 2022 when Russia withdrew all of its forces from Sumy Oblast.[1]

On 24 February 2022, the Russian army nearly captured Sumy, located near the Russia–Ukraine border, with little initial resistance. Ukrainian soldiers and militia began engaging the Russian forces within the city, resulting in heavy urban fighting.[12][13][14][15]

On 4 April 2022, Governor of Sumy Oblast Dmytro Zhyvytskyi stated that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn, while Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units.[1]

Battle

A damaged building in Sumy on 27 February 2022

Russian tanks and units began to move into Sumy on 24 February 2022, and fighting began on the outskirts at 03:00.[16] There was an extensive amount of urban warfare between the Ukrainian defenders and Russian forces. A church in Sumy was burned down as a result of the battle.[17]

The fighting between the two forces continued at about 22:30 on 24 February near the Sumy State University, where the Ukrainian 27th Artillery Brigade was stationed. At 01:39 on 25 February, it was reported that the Russian forces had retreated from the city.[18][19]

On 26 February, fighting again broke out on the streets of Sumy.[20] Russian forces were able to capture half of the city. By the end of the day, Ukrainian forces had recaptured the entire city.[19] Ukrainian forces also allegedly destroyed a convoy of Russian fuel trucks.[21] Mayor Oleksandr Lysenko reported three civilian deaths on 26 February, including one killed when Russian BM-21 Grad vehicles fired missiles into Veretenivka, a residential area in the eastern part of Sumy.[22][10]

Evacuation attempts at the destroyed building in Veretenivka

On the morning of 27 February, a column of Russian vehicles advanced into Sumy from the east.[23] A civilian car was shot at, resulting in civilian casualties.[8][24] Russian forces reportedly ran out of supplies and began attempting to loot markets.[25]

On 28 February, Ukrainian forces claimed that Ukrainian Baykar Bayraktar TB2 unmanned combat aerial vehicles destroyed many Russian vehicles, including 96 tanks, 20 BM-21 Grad vehicles, and 8 fuel carriers.[2]

On 1 March, over 70 Ukrainian troops were killed during an attack on a military barracks in Sumy.[26]

Evacuation attempts by bus via "green corridors"

On 3 March, Dmytro Zhyvytskyi, the governor of Sumy Oblast, stated that five people were injured from shelling on buildings of the 27th Artillery Brigade and the military department at Sumy State University.[27] More than 500 international students were trapped since roads and bridges out of the city had been destroyed and fighting was reported in the streets of Sumy.[28]

Zhyvytskyi stated on 8 March that 22 civilians and four soldiers were killed overnight due to a Russian airstrike hitting a residential area.[29] An evacuation of civilians from the city began during the day under an agreement for a humanitarian corridor reached with Russia. Zhyvytskyi later stated that about 5,000 people were evacuated during the day.[30][31]

Russian prisoners of war captured during the battle.

On 21 March, an airstrike damaged a fertilizer factory in Sumy, leaking out ammonia and contaminating the surrounding ground.[32] Russia denied that it was responsible and instead suggested the incident was false flag operation by Ukraine.[33]

On 4 April 2022, Governor Zhyvytskyi declared that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn.[1] According to Zhyvytskyi, Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units.[1] On 8 April 2022, he stated that all Russians troops had left Sumy Oblast.[34]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Russian troops no longer hold any settlements in Ukraine's Sumy region, says governor, National Post (4 April 2022)
  2. ^ a b "Бои под Сумами: артиллерия и "Байрактары" уничтожили 100 танков и 20 "Градов" оккупантов". Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  3. ^ "More than 100 Russian servicemen taken prisoner in Sumy region". Ukrinform. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Зеленський підписав указ про загальну мобілізацію". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  5. ^ Христенко, Лілія (27 February 2022). "У результаті бойових дій загинули два захисники з Білопілля. Про це 27 лютого повідомив Білопільський міський голова Юрій Зарко". Суспільне | Новини. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  6. ^ "На Сумщині в боротьбі з диверсантами загинули двоє прикордонників". Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  7. ^ Skakun, Serhey (26 February 2022). "На Сумщині за день близько сотні поранених, 4 – загиблих" [In the Sumy region about a hundred wounded, 4 dead] (in Ukrainian). Dancor Online. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022. Суми: поранених 12 [Amounts: 12 wounded]
  8. ^ a b "У Сумах обстріляли цивільне авто з дорослими та дітьми — загинула жінка". 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  9. ^ "ГОЛОВНЕ ЗА ДЕНЬНОВИНИТОП ТЕМА При обстрілах Сум загинули троє". 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Russian forces attack residential area, killing one". Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Sumy governor: More than 100 civilians killed". NHK Japan. 14 April 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  12. ^ "Ukrainian soldiers clash with Russians in a fierce fight near Sumy, a regional capital located near the border with Russia". The Kyiv Independent. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  13. ^ Röpcke, Julian [@JulianRoepcke] (24 February 2022). "#Breaking #NewsMap The Putin regime army captured the city of #Sumy (264.000 inhabitants) in N-E #Ukraine. There seems to be no fighting and Russia tanks control the center. #PutinAtWar t.co/Fmjrt7BwZ9" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ Röpcke, Julian [@JulianRoepcke] (24 February 2022). "Heavy urban fighting in Sumy. Seems some Ukrainian partisans are fighting the Russian occupiers. t.co/s7mmAsNcRb" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022 – via Twitter.
  15. ^ @BNONews (25 February 2022). "WATCH: Heavy urban fighting in the Ukrainian city of Sumy – NYT" (Tweet). Retrieved 25 February 2022 – via Twitter.
  16. ^ "Росія атакувала українські міста: де відбулися бої". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  17. ^ "У Сумах біля артучилища знову почався бій: горить церква – відео з місця події". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Ворог відступив: у Сумах біля кадетського корпусу закінчився переможний бій". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  19. ^ a b The Kyiv Independent [@KyivIndependent] (26 February 2022). "⚡️President's Office: Sumy fully returned to Ukrainian control. Presidential advisor Oleksiy Arestovych wrote that despite earlier reports that half the city was under Russian control, it has now returned fully to Ukrainian control" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022 – via Twitter.
  20. ^ "Ukraine's Sumy city says fighting under way on streets". National Post. 26 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  21. ^ "Russian invasion update: Ukrainian forces destroy convoy of fuel trucks in Sumy". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  22. ^ Vlasova, Iryna (27 February 2022). "При обстрілах Сум загинули троє" [Three people died in the shelling of Sumy] (in Ukrainian). Панорама. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  23. ^ "A large column of Russian vehicles is pushing into the city of Sumy from the side of Khimprom". The Kyiv Independent. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  24. ^ "In Sumy the occupants fired at a civilian car". Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  25. ^ Amelina, Kateryna (27 February 2022). "На Сумщине россияне ворвались в продуктовый магазин и воруют еду. Видео" [In the Sumy region, Russians break into a grocery store and steal food. (Video)]. LIGA (in Russian). Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  26. ^ Reuters (1 March 2022). "Over 70 Ukrainian troops killed in military base shelling - governor". Reuters. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  27. ^ "Russian missile strikes Sumy, 5 wounded". Pravda. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  28. ^ "Sumy: more than 500 international students trapped in Ukrainian town battered by shelling". The Guardian. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  29. ^ Nseyen, Nsikak (8 March 2022). "Russia invasion: Four Ukrainian soldiers, 10 others killed in Sumy". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  30. ^ Sam Jones (8 March 2022). "Two children among at least 21 killed in Sumy airstrikes, officials say". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  31. ^ "Ukraine's task is to hold off Russia for 7-10 days-senior official". Reuters. 9 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  32. ^ France-Presse, Guardian staff and Agence (21 March 2022). "Ukrainian town told to shelter after shelling causes ammonia leak at chemical factory". the Guardian. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  33. ^ Examiner, Victor I. Nava, Washington. "Ammonia leak reported at Ukraine chemical plant after Russian airstrike". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  34. ^ Sumy region liberated from Russian troops, Ukrayinska Pravda (8 April 2022)
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