Bihar Legislative Assembly

lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar

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Bihar Legislative Assembly

Bihar Vidhan Sabha
17th Legislative Assembly of Bihar
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
5 years
Deputy Speaker
since 2020
Nitish Kumar, JD(U)
since 16 November 2020
Renu Devi, BJP
Tarkishore Prasad, BJP
since 16 November 2020
Leader of the Opposition
India Bihar Vidhan Sabha 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (127)

NDA (127)

  •   BJP (74)
  •   JD(U) (44)
  •   HAM (4)
  •   VIP (4)
  •   IND (1)

Opposition (110)

MGB-UPA (110)

Others (6)

Last election
28 October - 7 November 2020
Next election
Meeting place
Bihar State Assembly, Patna, Bihar, India

The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.


The Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937.[1] The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952.[2] The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Shri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled as the Bihar Reorganisation Act, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 324 to 243 members. Among 243 seats 38are S.C and 2are S.T reserved seats.

Bihar Legislative Assembly terms

Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Bihar Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).

Vidhan Sabha Constitution Dissolution Days
1st 20 May 1952 31 March 1957 1,776
2nd 20 May 1957 15 March 1962 1,760
3rd 16 March 1962 16 March 1967 1,826
4th 17 March 1967 26 February 1969 712
5th 26 February 1969 28 March 1972 1,126
6th 29 March 1972 30 April 1977 1,858
7th 24 June 1977 17 February 1980 968
8th 8 June 1980 12 March 1985 1,738
9th 12 March 1985 10 March 1990 1,824
10th 10 March 1990 28 March 1995 1,844
11th 4 April 1995 2 March 2000 1,795
12th 3 March 2000 6 March 2005 1,830
13th 7 March 2005 24 November 2005 263
14th 24 November 2005 26 November 2010 1,829
15th 26 November 2010 20 November 2015 1,821
16th 20 November 2015 14 November 2020[3] 1821
17th 16 November 2020 Incumbent


The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.

There are three sessions (Budget session, Monsoon session, Winter session) every year.

The Sessions of Legislative Assembly are presided by Speaker. The Speaker certifies that whether a bill is ordinary bill or money bill. Generally he does not participate in voting but he casts his vote in the case of tie. Vijay Kumar Sinha is the current Speaker of Bihar Legislative Assembly.[4] The Legislative Assembly also has a Secretariat which is headed by Secretary. He is under the disciplinary control of Speaker. The function of Secretary is to assist the Speaker. Bateshwar Nath Pandey is the current Secretary of Bihar Legislative Assembly.

Current Assembly

See also


  1. ^ "First Bihar assembly: Down memory lane". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Bihar poll dates announced: Some facts youn need to know about Bihar Legislative Assembly". Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  3. ^ Etemaad (14 November 2020). "Bihar Governor Phagu Chauhan Formally Dissolved 16th Legislative Assembly". Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  4. ^ Tewary, Amarnath (25 November 2020). "NDA nominee Vijay Kumar Sinha elected Bihar Assembly Speaker". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 January 2021.

External links

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