|Central Military District|
|Центральный военный округ|
|Founded||21 October 2010|
|Part of||Russian Armed Forces|
|Decorations||Order of the Red Banner|
|Colonel General Aleksandr Lapin|
|Independent troops (rod)|
|Special operations force (sof)|
|History of the Russian military|
It is one of the five military districts of the Russian Armed Forces, with its jurisdiction primarily within the central Volga, Ural and Siberia regions of the country and Russian bases in Central Asian post-Soviet states. The Central Military District was created as part of the 2008 military reforms, and founded by Presidential Decree No.1144 signed on September 20, 2010, as an amalgamation of the Volga–Urals Military District and a majority of the Siberian Military District. The district began operation on October 21, 2010, under the command of Lieutenant-General Vladimir Chirkin.
The Central Military District is the largest military district in Russia by geographic size at 7,060,000 square kilometers (2,730,000 sq mi) (40% of Russian territory) and population at 54.9 million people (39%). The district contains 29 of the 85 federal subjects of Russia: Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Chuvashia, Irkutsk Oblast, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kirov Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Kurgan Oblast, Mari El, Mordovia, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Penza Oblast, Perm Krai, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tatarstan, Tomsk Oblast, Tuva, Tyumen Oblast, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk Oblast.
In June 2015, Leslie H. Gelb wrote that the role of the Central Military District is to "orchestrate Russian engagement in local conflicts within Central Asia, to manage Russia’s bases in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, and to supply reinforcements from its two armies either to the east or the west in the event of war" and that their purpose is to "forestall instability that might spill over into Russia and to remind everyone that Russia’s Armed Forces are mightier than China’s".
In February 2019, there were Russian-language reports that the Central Military District (as well as the Western Military District) were to be divided, to leave a military district organisation more like the pre-2010 situation.
After the signing of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement on 9 November 2020, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that Russian peacekeepers would be deployed to Nagorno-Karabakh the following day for monitoring the cease-fire and the cessation of military actions in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone. The contingent will consist of 1,960 servicemen, 90 armored vehicles, 380 units of vehicles and special equipment mainly formed of units of the 15th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade of the Central Military District.
- 2nd Guards Combined Arms Army (Samara)
- 41st Combined Arms Army (Novosibirsk)
- 90th Guards Tank Division (Chebarkul)
- 201st Military Base (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)
- 12th Separate Guards Engineer Brigade (Ufa)
- 15th Separate Motor Rifle Peacekeeping Brigade (Roshchinsky, Samara Oblast)
- 18th Separate Electronic Warfare Brigade (Yekaterinburg)
- 29th Separate NBC Protection Brigade (Yekaterinburg)
- 179th Communications Brigade (Yekaterinburg)
- 473rd District Training Center (Yelansky, Sverdlovsk Oblast)
Main Directorate of General Staff
- 14th Air and Air Defence Forces Army (Yekaterinburg)
Joint-service ceremonial units
- Military Band of the Central Military District (Yekaterinburg)
- Honour Guard of the Central Military District
- Song and Dance Ensemble of the Central Military District
- Lieutenant-General Vladimir Chirkin (9 July – 13 December 2010 (acting), December 13, 2010 – April 26, 2012)
- Colonel-General Valery Gerasimov (April 26 – November 9, 2012)
- Major-General Aleksandr Dvornikov (November 9 – December 24, 2012 (interim)).
- Colonel-General Nikolay Bogdanovsky (December 24, 2012 – June 12, 2014)
- Colonel-General Vladimir Zarudnitsky (June 12, 2014 – November 22, 2017)
- Lieutenant-General Aleksandr Lapin (November 22, 2017 – present) (later Colonel General)
Chiefs of Staff - First Deputy Commanders
- Lieutenant General Mikhail Teplinsky (February 2019 – present)
- Lieutenant General Evgeny Poplavsky (November 2018 – present)
- Major General Rustam Minnekaev (December 2020 – present); Deputy Commander for Military-Political Work - Head of the Department for Military-Political Work
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20 сентября 2010 года № 1144 «О военно-административном делении Российской Федерации» Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine
- Pinchuk, Alexander; Khudoleyev, Viktor (29 November 2017). "Штандарты в надёжных руках" [Standards in Safe Hands]. Krasnaya Zvezda (in Russian). Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "55 OMSBr (G)". 23 May 2014.
- Ivanov, Ivan (9 February 2016). "Приказ быстро построиться" [Order to quickly build]. Rossiskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Russia and America: Toward a New Détente, National Interest, p. 5
- "Soldat.ru • Просмотр темы - Новые-старые военные округи".
- "Russia deploying peacekeeping forces to Karabakh". anadolu agency. 11 November 2020.
- Galeotti 2017, p. 30.
- Dorofeyev, Viktor (18 October 2016). "Шойгу оставил Екатеринбург без генералитета" [Shoigu left Yekaterinburg without generals] (in Russian). URA.RU. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- Belousov, Yury (21 May 2017). "Еланская школа профессионализма" [Yelanskaya Professional School]. Krasnaya Zvezda (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- Michael Holm, 24th independent Special Forces Brigade, accessed January 2014.
- Galeotti, Mark (2017). The Modern Russian Army 1992–2016. Elite 217. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-47281-908-6.