Century break achievement in snooker

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Ronnie O'Sullivan has scored the most century breaks in professional snooker tournaments.

In snooker, a century break (sometimes referred to as a ton) is a score of 100 points or more within one visit at the table without missing a shot. It requires potting at least 25 consecutive balls. The ability to score century breaks is regarded as a mark of the highest skill in snooker, while Ronnie O'Sullivan has described the first century break as the "ultimate milestone for any snooker player".[1]

Snooker players have recorded over 20,000 century breaks in professional tournaments.[2] Over the 2013–14 season, Neil Robertson became the first player to compile 100 century breaks in a single season, a number that only some 60 other players have surpassed throughout their entire careers. He holds the record for the most century breaks in a season, with 103. In 2019–20, Judd Trump became the second player to achieve this "century of centuries," ending the season with 102 century breaks. Ronnie O'Sullivan holds the record for the most career centuries and is the only player to have achieved 1,000 century breaks, a milestone he reached in the final frame of the 2019 Players Championship in Preston.

Rules

Snooker table with balls placed in their starting positions

A century break is a score of 100 points or more within one visit at the table, without missing a shot.[3] The player does this by potting red balls and coloured balls alternately, where the coloured balls are repositioned on their starting locations. After repositioning the coloured ball paired to the last red on the table, the six coloured balls are potted in order of their increasing value. Because a break is defined as series of consecutive pots by a player during a single frame,[4] scoring 100 points over the course of a whole frame does not necessarily constitute a century break, as it must be done on a single turn at the table. Points for a foul shot by the opponent do not count in a player's break.

Under normal circumstances, the highest possible century in snooker is 147 (a "maximum break"), composed of 15 reds (one point each), 15 blacks (seven points each) and the six remaining colours; yellow, green, brown, blue, pink and black potted consecutively (two through seven points each for a total of 27). If for example only the least-valued colour (yellow, two points) would be used instead of the black ball, the break value would only be 72 points. This means that only a single century break is possible in a frame of snooker under a limited number of combinations, but it requires the potting of at least 25 consecutive balls (10 x (1 + 7) + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 = 100).[1] To score one, there must be at least ten reds on the table when the player comes to play since if there are only nine reds left, only 99 (= 9 × (1 + 7) + 27) points may be scored. An exception exists if the opponent fouls and leaves the incoming player snookered on all the remaining reds. In such a situation, the player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot, and therefore, a century break is still possible with only nine reds left.

Breaks above 147 are possible (up to 155) when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table, creating a situation identical to as if there were 16 red balls on the table. This has happened only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148 at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[5]

List of players with 100 confirmed century breaks in professional competition

A "century of centuries" refers to a total of 100 breaks of at least 100 points each.[1] By December 2001, only 15 players had reached this milestone in professional snooker tournaments.[6] With the increased occurrence of centuries compiled in professional competition in the past decades,[1] another 27 players had achieved a "century of centuries" by October 2011, bringing the total to 42.[7] By the end of the 2013–14 season, the total number of players reaching the 100 centuries threshold had increased to 52.[8] By the end of the English Open in October 2018, there were 66 players that had reached the 100 century breaks marker.[9][better source needed]

The following players are reported to have passed 100 breaks and at least the given threshold above this.

Threshold Player Ref
1000 England Ronnie O'Sullivan [10]
750 Scotland John Higgins [11]
Scotland Stephen Hendry [12]
700 Australia Neil Robertson [13]
England Judd Trump [14]
600 England Mark Selby [15]
500 China Ding Junhui [16]
450 Hong Kong Marco Fu [16]
England Shaun Murphy [17]
Wales Mark Williams [17]
400 Northern Ireland Mark Allen [18]
350 England Peter Ebdon (377) [19]
England Steve Davis (355) [20]
300 Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty [1][21]
England Barry Hawkins [16]
250 Wales Matthew Stevens [22]
200 Scotland Alan McManus [16]
100 England Willie Thorne (126) [23]
England Paul Hunter (114) [24]
England Ian McCulloch (105) [25]
England Nigel Bond [26]
England Mark King [27]
Key
Retired
Exact tally for a retired player

Secondary list of players with 100 century breaks in professional competition

Threshold Player Ref
1000 England Ronnie O'Sullivan [10]
750 Scotland Stephen Hendry [12]
Scotland John Higgins [11]
700 Australia Neil Robertson [13]
England Judd Trump [14]
600 England Mark Selby [15]
500 China Ding Junhui [16]
450 Hong Kong Marco Fu [16]
England Shaun Murphy [17]
Wales Mark Williams [17]
400 Northern Ireland Mark Allen [18]
350 England Peter Ebdon (377) [19]
England Steve Davis (355) [20]
Scotland Stephen Maguire [1][28][needs update]
England Stuart Bingham [29][needs update]
Wales Ryan Day [30][needs update]
300 Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty [1][21]
England Jimmy White [1][31][better source needed]
England Barry Hawkins [16]
Threshold Player Ref
250 Wales Matthew Stevens [22]
England Anthony Hamilton [9][better source needed]
England Joe Perry [9][better source needed]
England Ali Carter [9][better source needed]
England Ricky Walden [9][better source needed]
200 England John Parrott (221) [9][better source needed]
England Mark Davis [9][better source needed]
China Liang Wenbo [9][better source needed]
Scotland Alan McManus [16]
Republic of Ireland Fergal O'Brien [9][better source needed]
Wales Dominic Dale [9][better source needed]
England David Gilbert [32][needs update]
Scotland Graeme Dott [9][better source needed]
150
England Stephen Lee (184) [9][better source needed]
Thailand James Wattana [9][better source needed]
Finland Robin Hull [9][better source needed]
England Jamie Cope [9][better source needed]
England Martin Gould [9][better source needed]
England Tom Ford [33]
England Michael Holt [34]
Norway Kurt Maflin [35][better source needed]
Threshold Player Ref
100 England Dave Harold (143) [9][better source needed]
Scotland Jamie Burnett (136) [9][better source needed]
England Willie Thorne (126) [23]
England Paul Hunter (114) [24]
Wales Darren Morgan (111) [9][better source needed]
England Ian McCulloch (105) [25]
England Andy Hicks [9][better source needed]
Malta Tony Drago [9][better source needed]
England Barry Pinches [9][better source needed]
England Nigel Bond [26]
England Mark King [27]
England Robert Milkins [9][better source needed]
Wales Michael White [9][better source needed]
England Andrew Higginson [9][better source needed]
Northern Ireland Joe Swail [9][better source needed]
England Kyren Wilson [9][better source needed]
Scotland Anthony McGill [9][better source needed]
China Xiao Guodong [9][better source needed]
England Alfie Burden [9][better source needed]
England Jimmy Robertson [9][better source needed]
England Jack Lisowski [9][better source needed]
England Ben Woollaston [9][better source needed]
England Rod Lawler [9][better source needed]
Northern Ireland Gerard Greene [9][better source needed]
China Tian Pengfei [9][better source needed]
England Matthew Selt [9][better source needed]
Key
Retired Exact tally for a retired player


Records

Career

  • Joe Davis compiled the first televised century break in 1962.[1]
  • The record for most century breaks scored in official tournament play has been held by Ronnie O'Sullivan since January 2015,[36] with over 1,000 centuries.[37] The record was previously held by Stephen Hendry who compiled 775 centuries over the course of his career.[36]
  • The first player to record 1,000 centuries in public performance is Horace Lindrum.[38] The first player—and so far only—to record 1,000 centuries in professional competition is Ronnie O'Sullivan, a feat he achieved at the 2019 Players Championship on 10 March 2019.[17]
  • Stacey Hillyard became the first female to record a competitive century in January 1985.[39]
  • The quickest recorded century break in tournament play was by Tony Drago at 1996 UK Championship, taking 3 minutes 31 seconds (211 seconds) to score a hundred points.[40]
  • The youngest player to record a century break is Michael White at the age of nine in March 2001.[30]

Season

Event

  • The most centuries made by a player in a single match during a professional tournament is seven and the record is shared by Stephen Hendry, Ding Junhui and Judd Trump.
  • The record for combined number of century breaks in a single game by both players is eleven, achieved by Judd Trump (seven) and John Higgins (four) in the final of the 2019 World Championship.[56] This broke the previous record of ten, achieved by Ding Junhui (seven) and Alan McManus (three) in their semi-final tie at the 2016 World Championship.[54]
  • The most century breaks in a ranking event is eighteen centuries by Ding during the 2016 World Championship, compiling three during qualifying and a further fifteen at the Crucible Theatre during the main event.[60][61] Hendry previously set a record of sixteen at the 2002 World Championship, which remains a televised, Crucible and venue record.[40]
  • O'Sullivan has compiled more century breaks than any other player in the World Championship competition at the Crucible Theatre. He broke Hendry's record of 127 at the 2013 Championship,[55][62] extending his total to 162 up to and including the 2017 Championship. John Higgins is the only other player besides Hendry and O'Sullivan to compile more than 100 centuries at the world championship in the Crucible era.[63][64][65]
  • An aggregate Crucible record of 100 centuries was set at the 2019 World Championship, breaking the previous record of 86 held by the 2015 and 2016 World Championships.[66]

Consecutive

References

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External links

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