Duronto Express Express train in India

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Duronto Express
Duronto exp coaches.jpg
First service2009; 12 years ago (2009)
Current operator(s)Indian Railways
Start24 city pairs
On-board services
Class(es)Executive class Premium class
Seating arrangementsYes
Catering facilitiesOn-board catering
Baggage facilitiesUnderseat
Rolling stockLHB Coaches, ICF rake
Track gaugeIndian Gauge
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Operating speedAvg: 60 to 85 km/h
Max: 130 km/h
Track owner(s)Indian Railways
Duronto map

Duronto Express[1] is a category of long-distance non-stop source to destination trains run by the Indian Railways. Initially these trains did not have any ticketing stops between the origin and the destination, but since January 2016 it is possible to book tickets from those technical stops. "Duronto" means "very fast" in Bengali. These trains' coaches have characteristic yellow-green livery which contains a bi-meaning signature which are a field full of flower and a river flowing over it, 2nd meaning is a boy is running on the fields which signifies the meaning of Duronto. Duronto Express services connect the several metros and major state capitals of India. As of now, there are only two Duronto expresses that run on daily basis, one being Nagpur-CSMT Duronto and other one being Mumbai Central-Rajkot AC Duronto.


The Government of India's Ministry of Railways (India) has been trying to introduce high-speed rail in India. In 2007, the ministry chose the 500-kilometre stretch between Delhi and Amritsar for a pre-feasibility study.[2] On 19 January 2009, Railway Minister, Mamata Banerjee, said that the ministry was in the process of appointing global consultants for introducing the high-speed trains on certain routes. Besides the Delhi-Amritsar route, Pune-Mumbai-Ahmedabad, Hyderabad-Dornakal-Vijaywada-Chennai, Chennai-Bangalore-Coimbatore-Ernakulam-Thiruvananthapuram and Howrah-Haldia.[3] But, this High Speed rail service for India is expected to be completed on a long run.

Meanwhile, non-stop Duronto Express trains were introduced in 2009–10 as a first step towards high-speed rail travel in India.[4] The first Duronto ran between Sealdah and New Delhi.

List of Duronto Express trains

# Train No. Train Name Avg Speed
1 12213/12214 Yeshvantapur - Delhi Sarai Rohilla AC Duronto Express 75.64 km/h (47 mph)
2 12219/12220 Mumbai LTT - Secunderabad Duronto Express 64.38 km/h (40 mph)
3 12221/12222 Pune - Howrah Duronto Express 72.42 km/h (45 mph)
4 12223/12224 Mumbai LTT - Ernakulam Duronto Express 60 km/h (37 mph)
5 12227/12228 Mumbai Central–Indore Duronto Express 65.99 km/h (41 mph)
6 12239/12240 Mumbai Central - Jaipur Duronto Express 76 km/h (47 mph)
7 12245/12246 Howrah Yeshvantapur Duronto Express 67.59 km/h (42 mph)
8 12259/12260 Sealdah – Bikaner Duronto Express 78 km/h (48 mph)
9 12261/12262 Howrah Mumbai CST Duronto Express 75 km/h (47 mph)
10 12263/12264 Hazrat Nizamuddin Pune Duronto Express 76 km/h (47 mph)
11 12265/12266 Delhi Sarai Rohilla Jammu Tawi Duronto Express 64.38 km/h (40 mph)
12 12267/12268 Mumbai Central–Rajkot Duronto Express 77.24 km/h (48 mph)
13 12269/12270 Chennai–Hazrat Nizamuddin Duronto Express 78 km/hr
14 12273/12274 Howrah - New Delhi Duronto Express 71 km/hr
15 12281/12282 Bhubaneswar - New Delhi Duronto Express 77 km/hr
16 12283/12284 Ernakulam–H.Nizamuddin Duronto Express 64 km/hr
17 12285/12286 Secunderabad Hazrat Nizamuddin Duronto Express 78 km/hr
18 12289/12290 Mumbai CST - Nagpur Duronto Express 74 km/hr
19 12293/12294 Mumbai LTT - Prayagraj Duronto Express 70 km/hr
20 12297/12298 Pune Ahmedabad Duronto Express 71 km/hr
21 22201/22202 Sealdah Puri Duronto Express 64 km/hr
22 22203/22204 Visakhapatnam – Secunderabad Duronto Express 73 km/hr
23 22213/22214 Kolkata Shalimar – Patna Duronto Express 62 km/hr
24 22209/22210 Mumbai New Delhi Duronto Express 82 km/hr

List of Defunct Duronto Express trains

# Previous Service Now running as
1 Ajmer Hazrat Nizamuddin Duronto Express Ajmer Hazrat Nizamuddin Jan Shatabdi Express
2 Howrah Puri Duronto Express Howrah - Puri Shatabdi Express
3 Chennai Coimbatore Duronto Express Chennai Coimbatore Shatabdi Express
4 Chennai Thiruvananthapuram Duronto Express Chennai Thiruvananthapuram AC Superfast Express
5 Amritsar Chandigarh Duronto Express Amritsar Chandigarh Superfast Express
6 Lucknow New Delhi Duronto Express Lucknow–New Delhi AC Superfast Express
7 Howrah Digha Duronto Express Howrah Digha Super AC Express[5]
8 Allahabad New Delhi Duronto Express Allahabad - New Delhi Humsafar Express
9 Chennai Madurai AC Duronto Express Chennai Central–Madurai AC Superfast Express


Efficiency and speed

The Duronto Express is one of the fastest trains in India. Some of these trains run faster than Rajdhani Express[6] trains which hold the record of the fastest long-distance trains in India. For example, the New DelhiSealdah Duronto Express takes 16 hours to cover the journey against 17 hours taken by Rajdhani Express. Similarly, the Chennai-Hazrat Nizamuddin Duronto Express takes 28 hours to cover the journey while the Chennai Rajdhani Express takes 28 hours 35 minutes to do so. The trains will adhere to the speed limit of 130 km/h. New Delhi - Sealdah Duronto express has a top speed of 130 km/h. The Chennai, Sealdah, Yeshwantpur and Pune Duronto runs at a speed of 130 km/h.The Howrah/Allahabad/Bhubaneshwar New Delhi, Secunderabad Hazrat Nizamuddin, with Hybrid-LHB rakes is the only Duronto permitted to run at a speed of 120 km/h[7] In March 2011, the cost of travel in the Duronto Express went up as the Minister of Railways announced a hike in railway fare. The decision to hike railway fares resulted in trouble across the Government and were rolled back,[8] only to be raised again on 1 April.[9] A feature exclusive to the Duronto is the LHB Sleeper coach. The sleeper class is the most common coach, and usually ten or more coaches can be attached. Dynamic pricing is applicable on all scheduled Duronto express journeys.

Incidents and accidents

  • In January 2010, the passengers of the Duronto Express between Nagpur and Mumbai complained about passengers without confirmed tickets travelling inside the reserved coaches.[10]
  • In May 2010, at least 19 passengers on board the Ernakulam Duronto Express were admitted to the Government General Hospital after complaining of food poisoning.[11]
  • In June 2010, the Howrah Mumbai CST Duronto express faced interruption as its engine and generator car were detached from the rest of the train's coaches due to technical problems. The problem was fixed within less than an hour.[12]
  • In June 2013, the 12264 Hazrat Nizamuddin Pune Duronto derailed near Monkey Hill due to a landslide. No injuries were reported & the train reached 5 hours late at Pune Junction [1].
  • In September 2015, 12220 Secunderabad Mumbai Duronto Express Express derailed at Martur station between Shahbad and Gulbarga on Solapur Division in Karnataka at around 02:15. Two passengers were killed and more than 30 injured when eight of its coaches were derailed.[13]
  • On 29 August 2017 12290 Nagpur Duronto Express heading towards Mumbai derailed between Vasind and Asangaon stations at 06.30 as heavy rains had caused mud slides onto the tracks which caused the derailment. No casualties were reported in an official statement by the Railway department.[14]
  • On 17 January 2019 unidentified persons entered into Jammu-Delhi Duronto near Badli, Delhi and looted the passengers.
  • On 10 May 2019 engine failure caused late departure of the train from Mumbai central by an hour.
  • On 11 August 2019 Yesvantpur-Delhi Sarai Rohilla Duronto Express was cancelled due to "unavoidable circumstances".
  • On 24 April 2019 12274 New Delhi (NDLS) - Howrah (HWH) Duronto express led by Howrah WAP-7 30370 ran over cattle while at MPS near Jamtara, Jharkhand. The locomotive failed and was backed by ABB made GZB WAP-5 30009, but due to throttle issues it too needed help. A banker Locomotive, GMO WAG-9 31932 was attached. No passenger casualties/injuries were reported. This was a rare incident where all three types of locomotives equipped with 3-phase technology were seen hauling one train.

See also


  1. ^ "First ever non-stop train service 'Duronto' introduced". Government of India. Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
  2. ^ "Bullet Trains Expected in India". Rediff. 3 May 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2009.
  3. ^ "India plans High Speed rail Service for Railways". Rediff. January 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  4. ^ "Non-stop point-to-point long-distance trains introduced in the Budget". Rediff. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  5. ^ pib.nic.in, Retrieved 11 June 2019
  6. ^ "Duronto Trains Will Be Faster Than Rajdhani". India TV. 3 July 2009. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  7. ^ "Duronto blazing new tracks". The Hindu. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  8. ^ "Didi's Duronto hits Rajdhani; Trivedi hikes fares". DNA India. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Revised train fares from April 1". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Waitlisted causing trouble in Duronto". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Harrowing experience for Duronto Express passengers". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  12. ^ "Duronto Express coaches come loose". The Hindu. 26 June 2010. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  13. ^ Sivanandan T V (12 September 2015). "Duronto train derails near Kalaburagi; 2 dead". The Hindu. Martur, Kalaburagi district. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  14. ^ "Nagpur-Mumbai Duronto Express derails in Maharashtra, rail services affected between Kalyan and Kasara section - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 September 2017.

External links

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