Edappadi K. Palaniswami Tamil Nadu politician

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Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Edappadi K. Palaniswami.png
7th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Assumed office
16 February 2017
Governor
DeputyO. Panneerselvam
Ministries ResponsibleHome, Police, Public, Irrigation, IAS, IPS, IFS, DRO and Program Works, Public Works, Highways and Minor Ports
Preceded byO. Panneerselvam
Minister of Highways and Minor Ports, Government of Tamil Nadu
Assumed office
16 May 2011
Minister of Public Works, Government of Tamil Nadu
Assumed office
23 May 2016
Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
23 May 2011
Preceded byV. Kaveri
ConstituencyEdappadi
In office
6 February 1989 – 12 May 1996
Preceded byGovindaswamy
Succeeded byI. Ganesan
ConstituencyEdappadi
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
10 March 1998 – 26 April 1999
Preceded byK. P. Ramalingam
Succeeded byM. Kannappan
ConstituencyTiruchengodu, Tamil Nadu
Joint Co-ordinator of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Assumed office
21 August 2017
PresidentO. Panneerselvam (as Chief Co-ordinator)
Deputy
Personal details
Born
Karuppa Gounder Palanisamy

(1954-05-12) 12 May 1954 (age 66)
Anthiyur, Madras State, India
(present-day Tamil Nadu)
Political partyAll India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Spouse(s)Ratha Palaniswami
Children1
ResidenceSevvanthi Illam
9, P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja Road, Raja Annamalaipuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Profession
  • Agriculturalist
  • politician
Awards

Edappadi Karuppa Palaniswami (born 12 May 1954), is an Indian politician serving as the 7th and current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu since 16 February 2017. He is the joint coordinator of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). He is also serving in the government of Tamil Nadu as Minister of Highways and Minor Ports since 16 May 2011. After 2016 assembly elections, he was given the additional responsibility of Ministry of Public Works by J.Jayalalitha. In the 1998 election he was elected as Member of Parliament, representing Tiruchengodu constituency in the 12th Lok Sabha[1]

Personal life

Palaniswami was born on 12 May 1954[1] to Karuppa Gounder and Thavasiyammal at Anthiyur, Erode district, Madras State (present-day Tamil Nadu).[2][3] His parents were farmers. After completing school, he enrolled for B.Sc degree in Sri Vasavi College but did not graduate. He has a brother Govindraj and a sister Ranjitham.[4] He is married to Ratha Palaniswami and has one son and is an agriculturalist by occupation.[1][2]

Political career

Edappadi K. Palaniswami entered politics as a volunteer for the AIADMK in 1974. Later he became the key member of the party in Salem district. He was elected to Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989,[5] 1991,[6] 2011[7][8] and 2016[9] from Edappadi constituency. He also won the 1998 election[10] and was elected as Member of Parliament, representing Tiruchengodu constituency in the 12th Lok Sabha. He is the Minister of Highways and Minor Ports in the J. Jayalalithaa, O. Panneerselvam and in his own ministry from 2011.

Chief Minister

Edappadi K. Palaniswami was selected by the AIADMK as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in February 2017,[11] following the resignation of O. Panneerselvam, who became chief minister after the demise of former chief minister J. Jayalalithaa who won the 2016 Legislative Assembly election as CM candidate of AIADMK. He was sworn in on 16 February 2017 before a crowd of party workers, along with his 32-member cabinet. Palaniswami also holds the charge of Home, Prohibition & Excise Departments along with the other portfolios normally held by the Chief Ministers, and not mentioned elsewhere. He is elected from Edappadi constituency. During his reign, he introduced various schemes like Kudimaramaththu Work, FAME India scheme and Amma Patrol was introduced in Tamil Nadu to ascertain the security of women and children in public places.

In 2018, police opened fire on protests against a Sterilite plant that was polluting local groundwater in Thoothukudi, killing 13 people. While ordering a one-man commission into the violence, Palaniswamy also declared the shootings were in "self-defence."[12]

In 2019 he went on a tour in the United States, United Kingdom and United Arab Emirates to promote foreign investment in Tamil Nadu. While there he launched the Yaadhum Oore programme (lit. all countries, based on Puranauru 192) to encourage the Tamil diaspora to re-invest in Tamil Nadu, in the same line as other states with large NRI populations such as Kerala.[13] During trip he secured 3 lakh crores worth of foreign investment, a greater amount than even his predecessor Jayalalitha did.

However, during the 2019 elections, ADMK contested in alliance with the BJP and was swept out of parliament when the DMK-led alliance won 38 out of 39 seats in the state.[14]

Elections contested and positions held

Lok Sabha elections

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1998 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Won 54.70 K. P. Ramalingam DMK 40.89
1999 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Lost 48.53 M. Kannappan MDMK 49.08
2004 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Lost 37.27 Subbulakshmi Jagadeesan DMK 58.02

Tamil Nadu Legislative elections

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1989 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 33.08 L. Palanisamy DMK 31.62
1991 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 58.24 P. Kolandai Gounder PMK 25.03
1996 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Lost 28.21 I. Ganesan PMK 37.68
2006 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Lost 41.06 V. Kaveri PMK 44.80
2011 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 56.38 M. Karthe PMK 37.66
2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 43.74 N. Annadurai PMK 25.12

Posts in Parliament of India

Year Constituency Position From To
1998 Tiruchengodu Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha 10 March 1998 26 April 1999

Posts in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly

Year Constituency Position From To
1989 Edappadi Member of Legislative Assembly 6 February 1989 30 January 1991
1991 Edappadi Member of Legislative Assembly 1 July 1991 12 May 1996
2011 Edappadi Minister of Highways and Minor Ports 16 May 2011 22 May 2016
2016 Edappadi Minister of Highways and Minor Ports and Minister of Public Works 23 May 2016 15 February 2017
2016 Edappadi Chief Minister 16 February 2017 Incumbent

Picture Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b Thangavelu, Dharani (15 February 2017). "Who is Edappadi K. Palaniswami?". Mint. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017.
  3. ^ Profile, archived from the original on 17 February 2017
  4. ^ Mariappan, Julie (13 October 2020). "Edappadi K Palaniswami Mother: Tamil Nadu chief minister Edappadi K Palaniswami's mother Dhavusayammal dies aged 93". The Times of India. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  5. ^ "1989 Tamil Nadu Election Results, Election Commission of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010.
  6. ^ "1991 Tamil Nadu Election Results, Election Commission of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2016.
  7. ^ "List of MLAs from Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Council of Ministers, Govt. of Tamil Nadu". Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011.
  9. ^ "2016 TN Assembly Election – Candidate Affidavit" (PDF). myneta.info. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Volume I, 1998 Indian general election, 12th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 July 2014.
  11. ^ Saqaf, Syed Muthahar (14 February 2017). "From farmer to CM pick — the rise of a Jaya loyalist". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017 – via www.thehindu.com.
  12. ^ "Sterlite violence: 492 people questioned over 20 phases by Aruna Jagadeesan commission". The New Indian Express. 22 May 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  13. ^ "After tapping silicon valley, TN eyes Tamil diaspora in 38 countries". The New Indian Express. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  14. ^ Ramakrishnan, T.; Kumar, D. Suresh (12 January 2021). "People's reception gives us confidence that we will win a majority, says Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Palaniswami". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 31 January 2021.

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