Elections in West Bengal

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elections in West Bengal, a state in India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of West Bengal creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.[1]

Lok Sabha elections

Lok Sabha Election Year 1st Party 2nd Party 3rd Party 4th Party Others Total Seats
1st Lok Sabha 1951-52 INC 24 CPI 5 BJS 2 RSP 2 HMS 1 34
2nd Lok Sabha 1957 INC 23 CPI 6 MFB 2 PSP 2 Ind 3 36
3rd Lok Sabha 1962 INC 22 CPI 9 AIFB 1 RSP 1 LSS 1, Ind 2 36
4th Lok Sabha 1967 INC 14 CPI(M) 5 BAC 5 CPI 5 AIFB 2, PSP 1, SSP 1, Ind 7 40
5th Lok Sabha 1971 CPI(M) 20 INC 13 CPI 3 RSP 1 BAC 1, PSP 1, Ind 1 40
6th Lok Sabha 1977 CPI(M) 17 BLD 15 INC 3 RSP 3 AIFB 3, Ind 1 42
7th Lok Sabha 1980 CPI(M) 28 INC 4 RSP 4 CPI 3 AIFB 3 42
8th Lok Sabha 1984 CPI(M) 18 INC 16 RSP 3 CPI 3 AIFB 2 42
9th Lok Sabha 1989 CPI(M) 27 INC 4 RSP 4 CPI 3 AIFB 3, GNLF 1 42
10th Lok Sabha 1991 CPI(M) 27 INC 5 RSP 4 CPI 3 AIFB 3 42
11th Lok Sabha 1996 CPI(M) 23 INC 9 RSP 4 CPI 3 AIFB 3 42
12th Lok Sabha 1998 CPI(M) 24 AITC 7 RSP 4 CPI 3 AIFB 2, INC 1, BJP 1 42
13th Lok Sabha 1999 CPI(M) 21 AITC 8 CPI 3 INC 3 RSP 3, AIFB 2, BJP 2 42
14th Lok Sabha 2004 CPI(M) 26 INC 6 CPI 3 AIFB 3 RSP 3, AITC 1 42
15th Lok Sabha 2009 AITC 19 CPI(M) 9 INC 6 CPI 2 AIFB 2, RSP 2, BJP 1, Ind 1 42
16th Lok Sabha 2014 AITC 34 INC 4 BJP 2 CPI(M) 2 42
17th Lok Sabha 2019 AITC 22 BJP 18 INC 2 42
  • Results, post-1998, in text format .
  • 1999 : Total Seats : 42. Left Front : 28 (CPM 21, CPI 3, RSP 3, AIFB 2), Trinamool (AITC) + BJP : (8+2) = 10, Congress 3 .
  • 2004 (14-th Lok Sabha) : LF : 35/42 (CPM 26, CPI 3, RSP 3, Forward Block 3), [Congress 6 + AITC 1], BJP - zero.
  • 2009 : AITC + Congress : 19+6 = 25/42, CPM 9, CPI 2, BJP - 1.
  • 2014 : AITC : 34/42, Congress : 4, BJP 2, CPM 2.
  • 2019 : AITC : 22, BJP : 18, INC : 2, CPM - zero.

Assembly elections

Year Election Chief Minister Winning Party/Coalition
1952 1st Assembly Bidhan Chandra Roy Indian National Congress
1957 2nd Assembly Bidhan Chandra Roy Indian National Congress
1962 3rd Assembly Prafulla Chandra Sen Indian National Congress
1967 4th Assembly Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee of Bangla Congress, a part of United Front till Nov. 1967.

Prafulla Chandra Ghosh of INC, a part of Progressive Democratic Front led by INC from Nov. 1967-1968.

No party/coalition won a majority
1969 5th Assembly Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee No party/coalition won a majority
1971 6th Assembly Ajoy Mukherjee and later

Prafulla Chandra Ghosh

No party/coalition won a majority
1972 7th Assembly Siddhartha Shankar Ray Indian National Congress
1977 8th Assembly Jyoti Basu Left Front
1982 9th Assembly Jyoti Basu Left Front
1987 10th Assembly Jyoti Basu Left Front
1991 11th Assembly Jyoti Basu Left Front
1996 12th Assembly Jyoti Basu Left Front
2001 13th Assembly Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee Left Front
2006 14th Assembly Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee Left Front. LF : 233, AITC : 30.
2011 15th Assembly Mamata Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress : 227/294. LF (CPM + Allies) - 62.
2016 16th Assembly Mamata Banerjee AITC : 211/294. Congress+Allies : 44, CPM + Allies : 32, BJP : 6 .
2021 17th Assembly

Panchayat elections

References

  1. ^ "West Bengal Election Results". Election Commission India.

External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Elections in West Bengal