The export of cryptography is the transfer from one country to another of devices and technology related to cryptography.
In the early days of the Cold War, the United States and its allies developed an elaborate series of export control regulations designed to prevent a wide range of Western technology from falling into the hands of others, particularly the Eastern bloc. All export of technology classed as 'critical' required a license. CoCom was organized to coordinate Western export controls.
- Meyer, Venable LLP-Lindsay B.; McMullan, Carrie Kroll; Sudduth, Wes S. (October 19, 2016). "Top Five Takeaways: Wassenaar Arrangement Updates to Commerce's Encryption-Related Export Controls". Lexology.
- O'Keefe, Amanda (January 3, 2018). "Why the EU's call to remove crypto-tech from dual-use export controls is encouraging". IAPP.