|Location||Harringay, London, N4|
|Area||46 hectares (110 acres)|
|Designer||Frederick Manable |
|Operated by||London Borough of Haringey|
|Awards||Green Flag Award 2007-2018|
|Designation||Grade II Listed|
|Public transit access||Finsbury Park, Manor House, Harringay, Harringay Green Lanes|
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Finsbury Park is a public park in the London neighbourhood of Harringay. It is in the area formerly covered by the historic parish of Hornsey, succeeded by the Municipal Borough of Hornsey. It was one of the first of the great London parks laid out in the Victorian era. The park borders the neighbourhoods of Harringay, Finsbury Park, Stroud Green, and Manor House.
Before the park
The park was landscaped on the northeastern extremity of what was originally a woodland area in the Manor or Prebend of Brownswood. It was part of a large expanse of woodland called Hornsey Wood that was cut further and further back for use as grazing land during the Middle Ages. In the mid-18th century a tea room had opened on the knoll of land on which Finsbury Park is situated. Londoners would travel north to escape the smoke of the capital and enjoy the last remains of the old Hornsey Wood. Around 1800 the tea rooms were developed into a larger building which became known as the Hornsey Wood House/Tavern. A lake was also created on the top of the knoll with water pumped up from the nearby New River. There was boating, a shooting and archery range, and probably cock fighting and other blood sports. The Hornsey Wood Tavern was demolished in the process of making the area into a park, but the lake was enlarged. Once the park had opened, a pub across the road from its eastern entrance along Seven Sisters Road called itself the Hornsey Wood Tavern after the original. This pub was later renamed the Alexandra Dining Room and closed for business in April 2007. It was subsequently demolished.
Creation of the park
During the early part of the second quarter of the 19th century, following developments in Paris, Londoners began to demand the creation of open spaces as an antidote to the ever-increasing urbanisation of London. In 1841 the people of Finsbury on the northern perimeter of the City of London petitioned for a park to alleviate conditions of the poor. The present-day site of Finsbury Park was one of four suggestions for the location of a park.
Originally to be named Albert Park, the first plans were drawn up in 1850. Renamed Finsbury Park, plans for the park's creation were ratified by an Act of Parliament in 1857. Despite some local opposition, the park was opened in 1869.
During the wars
Through the late 20th Century the park began to fall into a state of disrepair with most of the original features gone by the 1980s. This decline was worsened in 1986 when the then owner, Greater London Council, was wound up and ownership was passed on to Haringey Council, but without sufficient funding or a statutory obligation for the park's upkeep.
A £5 million Heritage Lottery Fund Award, made in 2003, enabled significant renovations including cleaning the lake, building a new cafe and children's playground and resurfacing and repairing the tennis courts. The park now contains tennis courts, a running track, a softball field and many open spaces for various leisure activities.
The park has a mixture of open ground, formal gardens, avenues of mature trees and an arboretum. There is also a lake, a children's play area, a cafe and an art exhibition space. Sports facilities in the park include football pitches, a cycling club, a bowling green, a skatepark, an athletics stadium, and tennis and basketball courts. Unusually for London, the park hosts two facilities for "American" sports: an American football field, home to the London Blitz, and diamonds for softball and baseball, home to the London Mets.
The park has hosted several live music performances and music festivals including: Fleadh Festival (1990-2003), Great Xpectations Festival (1993), Rise Festival (2006–2010) and Wireless Festival (2014 - 2019).
Over the 2010s, the number of live festivals increased in intensity as local council finances became stretched; this left an environmental impact on the park, as well as denying local access to large area through the summer months. Local MP David Lammy noted "There are parts of the park that look like the Serengeti - a bald dust bowl where there was once grass." 
Friends group, The Friends of Finsbury Park, un-successfully took Haringey Council to the High Court, in a bid to stop large live music events. "The group had contended the council had no right to grant the festival permission under the Greater London Parks and Open Spaces Act 1967, claiming Haringey’s actions were unlawful because the event shuts off 27 per cent of the park when the maximum permitted by legislation is 10 per cent." They lost the case but the decision made clear that the council held Finsbury Park in trust, and that any funds raised in the park from events must be used in the park. This has had a mild moderating effect on the number of events in recent years, as well as a spate of investments (e.g. new playgrounds, refreshing the Richard Hope play space).
Finsbury Park has been used as a filming location for music videos such as Groove Armada's Song 4 Mutya, feature films such as Rachid Bouchareb's London River and TV Programmes such as Silent Witness.
- Haringey Council boundaries classify the park as being within Harringay Ward - Haringey Council generated Google Map showing the ward boundaries.
- "Finsbury Park, Finsbury, England". ParksAndGardens.org. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Finsbury Park". Green Flag Award. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Simon Allin (2018). "Finsbury Park stripped of Green Flag award after damning report". Islington Gazette.
- "Finsbury Park". Historic England. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Hayes, Hugh (2001). A Park for Finsbury. Friends of Finsbury Park. ISBN 0-9540637-0-8.
- The Times, 9 August 1869
- War Office Official Topical Budget (Media notes). Imperial War Museum. May 1918.
Newsreel item on the break-up of a pacifist meeting in Finsbury Park, London
- Edgerton, David (9 August 2011). Britains War Machine: Weapons, Resources, and Experts in the Second World War. Oxford University Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-19-991150-9.
- Jackson, Hazelle (October 2006). "Rising from the Ashes:The Resurrection of Finsbury Park". London Gardens Trust. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Heritage Lottery Fund Improvements". Haringey Council. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Finsbury Park Bowls Club". bowlsclub.org. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Finsbury Park Skatepark". The Skateparks Project. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- Baggs, Michael (8 September 2016). "Artic Monkeys, Pulp, RATM and more: The Biggest Finsbury Park Gigs Ever". Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Wazir, Burhan (June 2003). "Irish acts in doldrums as festival is axed". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Kellman, Andy. "Great Xpectations Live". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Haringey on Film". Haringey Council. Retrieved 19 May 2020.