subfamily of mammals

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Martes flavigula, yellow-throated marten.jpg
Yellow-throated marten (M. flavigula)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Subfamily: Guloninae
J.E.Gray, 1825[1]

Guloninae[2][3] is a subfamily of the mammal family Mustelidae distributed across Eurasia and the Americas. It includes martens and the fisher, tayra and wolverine.[2][3] These genera were formerly included within a paraphyletic definition of the mustelid subfamily Mustelinae.[4]

Most gulonine species are arboreal to a degree. Some of the fashion furs come from this subfamily, e.g. sable, marten.[5]


Extant species

Tribe Image Genus Living species
Gulonini Eira barbara male 2.jpg Eira Hamilton Smith, 1842
Росомаха III.jpg Gulo Linnaeus, 1758
Martini Martes americana Yellowstone 2.jpg Martes Pinel, 1792 (martens)
Fishers (14791070753).jpg Pekania Gray, 1865

Extinct genera

  • Aragonictis Valenciano et al., 2022[6] - Middle Miocene Europe
    • A. araid
  • Circamustela Petter, 1967[6] - Middle to Late Miocene Europe
    • C. dechaseauxi
    • C. peignei
    • C.? laevidens
  • Dehmictis Ginsburg and Morales, 1992[6] - Early Miocene Europe
  • Eiricitis [7] - Early Pliocene Asia
    • E. pachygnatha
  • Laphictis Viret, 1933[6]
  • Ischyrictis Helbing, 1930[6]
  • Plesiogulo? Zdansky, 1924[8][7] - Middle Miocene to Pliocene
    • P. brachygnathus (Schlosser, 1903)
    • P. botori Haile-Selassie, Hlusko & Howell, 2004
    • P. crassa Teilhard de Chardin, 1945
    • P. marshalli (Martin, 1928)
    • P. lindsayi Harrison, 1981
    • P. monspessulanus Viret, 1939
    • P. praecocidens Kurtén, 1970
  • Sinictis Zdansky, 1924[6]
    • S. dolichognathus
  • Sminthosinis Bjork, 1970[7] - Middle Miocene North America
    • S. bowleri


  1. ^ Gray, J.E. (1825). "Outline of an attempt at the disposition of the Mammalia into tribes and families with a list of the genera apparently appertaining to each tribe". Annals of Philosophy. New Series. 10: 337–344.
  2. ^ a b Nascimento, F. O. do (2014). "On the correct name for some subfamilies of Mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora)". Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo). 54 (21): 307–313. doi:10.1590/0031-1049.2014.54.21.
  3. ^ a b Law, C. J.; Slater, G. J.; Mehta, R. S. (2018-01-01). "Lineage Diversity and Size Disparity in Musteloidea: Testing Patterns of Adaptive Radiation Using Molecular and Fossil-Based Methods". Systematic Biology. 67 (1): 127–144. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syx047. PMID 28472434.
  4. ^ Koepfli KP, Deere KA, Slater GJ, et al. (2008). "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation". BMC Biol. 6: 4–5. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-6-10. PMC 2276185. PMID 18275614.
  5. ^ "History of Fur in Fashion: Introduction". 4 December 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Valenciano, A.; Morales, J.; et al. (January 2022). "Aragonictis araid, gen. et sp. nov., a small-sized hypercarnivore (Carnivora, Mustelidae) from the upper middle Miocene of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: e2005615. doi:10.1080/02724634.2021.2005615.
  7. ^ a b c Samuels, Joshua X.; Bredehoeft, Keila E.; Wallace, Steven C. (2018-04-18). "A new species of Gulo from the Early Pliocene Gray Fossil Site (Eastern United States); rethinking the evolution of wolverines". PeerJ. 6: e4648. doi:10.7717/peerj.4648. ISSN 2167-8359. PMC 5910791. PMID 29682423.
  8. ^ Valenciano, Alberto; Govender, Romala (2020-06-01). "New insights into the giant mustelids (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae) from Langebaanweg fossil site (West Coast Fossil Park, South Africa, early Pliocene)". PeerJ. 8: e9221. doi:10.7717/peerj.9221. ISSN 2167-8359. PMC 7271888. PMID 32547866.

External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Guloninae