History and description
The clock was installed in 1540 on the gatehouse to the inner court at Hampton Court Palace. It was designed by Nicholas Crazter and made by Nicholas Oursian. This pre-Copernican and pre-Galilean astronomical clock is still functioning.
The clock is 15 feet (4.6 m) in diameter with three separate copper dials revolving at different speeds and displays the following information:
- Day of month
- Twelve signs of the zodiac
- Position of the Sun in the ecliptic relative to the background stars (zodiac)
- Number of days since the beginning of the year
- Phases of the moon
The latter information was of great importance to those visiting this Thames-side palace from London, as the preferred method of transport at the time was by barge. Two consequences flowed: journey time, which departing around high water would speed instead of hinder; and all but the most skilled or reckless watermen above the bridge would avoid nearing London Bridge at times of great surface-water ebb under the (then famously built-up, barrage-like) bridge to avoid being swept into the starlings (cutwaters) or arches above.
The clock was restored in 1711 by William Herbert, with a simplified 18th century face, while retaining the 24-hour dial, and a single clock hand. The astrological dials were removed, and subsequently mislaid. In 1831 the mechanism was replaced with that of a 1799 clock from St James's Palace. In 1879 the astronomical dials were rediscovered and replaced, and Gillett & Bland manufactured a new clock movement.
- Shepherd, Rose (2014). "A Man of Property". At Home with Henry VIII: His Life, His Wives, His Palaces. London: CICO Books. p. 179. ISBN 978-1-78249-160-6.
- Thurley, Simon (1996). Hampton Court Palace. London: Historic Royal Palaces.
- "Hampton Court Palace". clockmaker.co.uk. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "1732.—Clock at Hampton Court". www.fromoldbooks.org.
- "Astronomical clock returns". Hrp.org.uk. 23 April 2008. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Astronomical Clock, Hampton Court Palace". 16 January 2013.
- "Troubled Blood | Latest Crime Novel By Robert Galbraith". Robert Galbraith. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
- Media related to Hampton Court astronomical clock at Wikimedia Commons