Hostomel (Ukrainian: Гостомель) is a city in Kyiv Oblast, northwest of the capital city of Kyiv. Administratively, it is subordinated to Irpin Municipality. Its population is approximately 17,534 (2021 est.).
Hostomel was badly damaged during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. City mayor Yuri Prilipko was among those who were killed by the attackers. The city was given the title Hero City of Ukraine on 13 March 2022.
According to legends, Hostomel has existed since ancient times. But the first written mention of it dates back to 1494.
In 1495 the Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander gave Hostomel to Prince Ivan Dashkevych Lvovich Hlynsky. In 1509, after the betrayal of the Glinski Muscovites, the estate of king Sigismund I was given to Semyon Poloz.
In 1614, King Sigismund III of Poland granted Hostomel the Magdeburg right. The village of Hostomel received city rights with the assistance of the owner – Stanislav Kharlensky, the son of Kyiv Chamberlain Felix.
During the national liberation war under the leadership of Bogdan Khmelnytsky, it became the Cossack hundredth town of the Kyiv regiment.
In 1654, the town was captured by Muscovy.
In 1694, a church was built here.
In 1866 Hostomel became a township center, actively developing. It witnessed many historical events related to the past of Ukraine.
In 1962, Hostomel and other settlements were subordinated to Irpin (it was granted the status of a city of regional significance). In 1972, the village of Mostyshche was included in the village of Hostomel.
2022 Russian invasion
On 24 February 2022, the first day of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Hostomel and the Hostomel Airport were attacked by the Russian military in an attempt to capture the town. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that "a Russian airborne force in Hostomel airport outside Kyiv, which has a big runway, has been stopped and is being destroyed." On 24 February the Ukrainian military chief, Valerii Zaluzhnyi, said "a battle is raging in Hostomel". The Antonov 225 plane (Mriya), the world's biggest plane, was destroyed when the hangar it was in was ravaged by the Russians forces, presummably through shelling and artillery.
In the following week the Russians started to use Hostomel as a forward operating base to attack Kyiv, the troops sent to Kyiv met Ukrainian forces in Bucha and Irpin, multiple Russian units were destroyed by artillery and Bayraktar drone strikes, Ukrainian forces also pushed to frontline back into Hostomel, with Ukrainian Special Forces launching raids against Kadyrovtsy on 27 February, and VDV mechanized units along the week.
Ukrainian counteroffensives were unable to fully retake the town, however a major Russian withdrawal from Kyiv Oblast in late March and early April saw the town completely retaken from Russian forces.
The town has a number of large establishments that are well known not only in Ukraine but also abroad. Medium and small businesses are developing. In Hostomel there are such establishments of social and household sphere, like hotel "Korchma", two hairdressing salons, studio of repair of TV sets, three post offices. In the field of education, there are four schools: two of them are general and two primary, a preschool № 17 "Rainbow", the Center for Children and Youth Creativity.
In the town there are some powerful companies that are well known not only in Ukraine but also around the world. These are, in particular, the state enterprise "Antonov" (about 1320 employees) and OJSC "Hostomel Glass Factory" (about 800 employees). They are the largest taxpayers to the budget.
Things are going well at other establishments of the town: JSC "ATP-13250" (about 125 employees) – passenger traffic; firm "ATAD & K" – manufacture of wood products and others. There are also establishments in Hostomel that are directly involved in agriculture. These are STOV "Buchanske", "Renault", "Promin".
On 24 December 2019, a water purification and deironing station was opened in Hostomel, which will purify 1,200 cubic meters of water during the day and provide it to the military town.
- Fedor Artemenko (1898–1922) – Colonel of the Army of Ukrainian People's Republic, active member of the Resistance Movement.
- Alexander Edelmann (1904—1995) – pianist, teacher.
- Mykhailo Shulga (1897–?) – Ukrainian scientist.
- Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
- "Fire reported in many buildings in Ukraine's Hostomel", India Today, 6 March 2022
- "Russian invaders kill Hostomel Mayor", UKRInform, 7 March 2022
- Богданьок, Олена (6 March 2022). "Харків, Чернігів, Маріуполь, Херсон, Гостомель і Волноваха тепер міста-герої". Суспільне | Новини (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 13 March 2022.
- further reading and sources: Kyiv offensive (2022)
- "Hostoml". Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland (in Polish). 3. Warszawa: Kasa im. Józefa Mianowskiego. 1882. p. 163. — S. 163
- Букет Євген. Іван Бондаренко — останній полковник Коліївщини. Історичний нарис.— Київ: Видавництво «Стікс», 2014. — 320 с. ISBN 978-966-2401-09-7
- "Live updates: EU seeks united global front against Russia". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- Shull, Abbie (24 February 2022). "Ukrainian and Russian forces have been fighting for hours over a critical airfield just outside Kyiv". Business Insider Africa. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- AP. "Russia fighting Ukrainian forces at airbase 7 km north of Kyiv". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- "World's largest cargo plane reportedly 'destroyed' in Ukraine". ABC News. 28 February 2022.
- "The subdivision of the National Guard Forces Command of the Chechen Republic is destroyed near Kyiv, commander of the regiment Tushaev is killed – Ministry of Defense of Ukraine". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- "Ukraine's SpecOps forces destroy another 10 enemy IFVs in Hostomel". www.ukrinform.net. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- "Asesinado mientras repartía pan y medicinas: así murió el alcalde de Gostomel, Yuri Illich Prylypko". El Mundo. 8 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
- "Tropas rusas matan a un alcalde ucraniano mientras repartía comida y medicinas: «Murió como un héroe»". ABC. 8 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
- "Los invasores rusos matan al alcalde de Gostomel". Ukrinform. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
- У Гостомелі відкрили станцію знезалізнення й очищення води (відео)
- Собчук В. М. Гостомельський край: історія і сучасність. публіц.-історичне видання — К.: м. Ірпінь: ВТФ «Перун», 2017—136с.: іл. ISBN 978-966-569- 319-2
- Родня. Полиция и партизаны, 1941—1944. На примере Украины / Авт.-сост.: А. Гогун, И. Дерейко, А. Кентий. Центральный государственный архив общественных объединений Украины; Ведомственный государственный архив службы безопасности Украины. — К.: Украинский издательский союз, 2011. — 576 с.
- Наумов, М. И. От границы до границы /стенограмма 1946 г./. Приложение: сб. док. /сост. Г. М. Наумова, А. В. Бибик/. Электронная версия. –Киев: 2017. –197с. –ил. 188.
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