Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets station

New York City subway station

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets
 "A" train"C" train"G" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets - Court Square & Brooklyn - Queens bound platform.jpg
Queens-bound platform
Station statistics
AddressHoyt Street & Schermerhorn Street
Brooklyn, NY 11201
LocaleDowntown Brooklyn
DivisionB (IND)
Line   IND Crosstown Line
IND Fulton Street Line
Services   A all times (all times)
   C all except late nights (all except late nights)​
   G all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B25, B26, B38, B41, B45, B52, B63, B65, B67
Bus transport MTA Bus: B103
Platforms4 island platforms (2 in passenger service)
cross-platform interchange
Tracks6 (4 in passenger service)
Other information
OpenedApril 9, 1936; 84 years ago (1936-04-09)[1]
Station code175[2]
AccessibleThe mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; accessibility to platforms planned
AccessibilityCross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Former/other namesHoyt–Schermerhorn
20193,605,153[5]Increase 7%
Rank140 out of 424[5]
Station succession
Next northJay Street–MetroTech (Fulton express): A all timesC all except late nights
Court Street (Fulton local): no regular service
Fulton Street (Crosstown): G all times
Next southLafayette Avenue (Fulton local): A late nightsC all except late nights
Nostrand Avenue (Fulton express): A all except late nights
Bergen Street (Culver): G all times

Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets (shown as "Hoyt-Schermerhorn" on official subway maps) is an express station of the New York City Subway, serving the IND Crosstown Line and the IND Fulton Street Line. Located at the intersection of Hoyt Street and Schermerhorn Street in Downtown Brooklyn, it is served by the A and G trains at all times, and the C train at all times except late nights.

Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets was originally built as an interchange station between the Fulton Street and Crosstown lines of the Independent Subway System (IND). Construction of the station began around 1929, and it was opened to service on April 9, 1936. Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets has six tracks and four island platforms, with two platforms and three tracks for each direction of service. The innermost tracks in each direction originally served Crosstown Line trains, while the center tracks were supposed to serve Fulton Street express trains and the outermost tracks were supposed to serve Fulton Street local trains to Court Street. However, Court Street was only served by a shuttle train from Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets, which stopped running in 1946.

All Fulton Street Line trains currently use the center tracks in each direction, and all Crosstown Line trains use the innermost tracks, while the outermost tracks and platforms have been abandoned. Until 1981, the outer platforms were used by special trains to Aqueduct Racetrack, which stopped on the center tracks in each direction. Today, the abandoned tracks and platforms are only used on special occasions, such as for film shoots or moving trains to the New York Transit Museum at the former Court Street station. The mezzanine has also been used for film shoots, most famously for the video of Michael Jackson's single "Bad".


Each of the two abandoned platforms at the station is adjacent to one of the open platforms.

Construction and opening

Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets was constructed as a junction between the Fulton Street and Crosstown lines of the Independent Subway System (IND), and part of the section of the Fulton Street subway under Schermerhorn Street between Court Street and Bond Street.[6][7][8] Surveying by the New York City Board of Transportation along Schermerhorn Street began in 1928,[9][10][11] and construction began around 1929.[6][7] Property on the south side of Schermerhorn Street between Bond and Nevins Streets was condemned to facilitate the project.[12][13] Like other stations along the lines, it was constructed via shallow cut-and-cover methods, with the street covered by wooden planks.[14] In September 1929, a portion of the "plank road" above the station site collapsed.[15][16] In 1935, Sixteen Sycamores Playground was constructed on a portion of the land condemned for subway construction east of the station.[17]

The station was ceremonially opened by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia on April 9, 1936, with the station serving both Fulton Street Line local and express trains.[1][18] The station cost approximately $3 million to construct, with the tilework costing $131,000.[18] This station began serving Crosstown Line trains on July 1, 1937, when the Crosstown Line was extended from Nassau Avenue.[19] From this station, northbound Fulton local trains were planned to continue to Court Street and terminate there. Express trains would turn north under Jay Street and continue to Manhattan via the Cranberry Street Tunnel. However, initial Fulton Street service ran entirely local at the time, as the line only ran to Rockaway Avenue. Without express service, local trains provided service to Manhattan via the express tracks at this station while the HH shuttle was instituted to serve Court Street and the local tracks/platforms.[18][20]

Later usage

On October 9, 1936, a public hearing was held to discuss the construction of a passageway between the station and the Loeser's Department Store.[21] In November 1937, the city Board of Transportation approved the construction of a 250-foot (76 m) passageway between the station and the department store.[22] Due to low ridership, the Court Street station was closed and the shuttle was discontinued in 1946.[23][24] All Fulton Street service was routed via the express tracks at this station to Jay Street – Borough Hall. This eliminated any use for the local tracks and they have been out of service since. The outer platforms were also closed until 1959, when the special service to Aqueduct Racetrack began.[25] Service ran from the lower level of the 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal station to the Aqueduct Racetrack station via the IND Eighth Avenue Line, Fulton Street Line, and IND Rockaway Line.[25] Like the lower level at 42nd Street, the outer platforms at Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets provided a convenient place to segregate passengers who had paid the extra fare required to board the special trains. Consequently, Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets was the only stop between 42nd Street and the racetrack.[25]

The Aqueduct service was eliminated in 1981,[26] and the outer platforms have remained out of revenue service since then.[14] The abandoned parts of the station are often used for film shoots:[14][27] for example, The Warriors and The Taking of Pelham 123 have both used Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets as a filming location.[14] They are also used for other special functions, such as a public display of the then-new R160B subway cars in 2005.[28]

Following the 2009 death of Michael Jackson, New York City Council member Letitia James advocated renaming the station in Jackson's honor. The reasoning was that Jackson filmed the video for his song "Bad" at the station. However, James's proposal was met with resistance from the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Other proposals to honor Michael Jackson at the Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets station, such as hanging a plaque, were all denied.[29][30] MTA spokesperson Kevin Ortiz explained that the agency was developing guidelines for station naming-rights deals in order to raise money. In addition, naming stations after individuals could confuse riders who are traveling to a specific location or street near Hoyt–Schermerhorn.[29][30] The MTA also declined to put a plaque in the station, due to MTA guidelines banning such an action.[30][31] However, the owner of a privately owned building above one of the station's entrances agreed to paint a mural dedicated to Jackson.[32]

In 2019, the MTA announced that this station would become ADA-accessible as part of the agency's 2020–2024 Capital Program.[33]

Panoramic view of Hoyt–Schermerhorn

Station layout

Track layout
Not used in regular service
Used in regular service
G Street level Exit/entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Elevator at northeast corner of Hoyt Street and Schermerhorn Street, inside 209 Schermerhorn Street. Note: Platforms are not accessible
Platform level
Westbound local No service (Court Street/Transit Museum)
Island platform, not in service
Westbound express "A" train toward 207th Street (Jay Street–MetroTech)
"C" train toward 168th Street (Jay Street–MetroTech)
Island platform
Southbound "G" train toward Church Avenue (Bergen Street)
Northbound "G" train toward Court Square (Fulton Street)
Island platform
Eastbound express "A" train toward Far Rockaway, Lefferts Boulevard or Rockaway Park (Nostrand Avenue)
"C" train toward Euclid Avenue (Lafayette Avenue)
"A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights (Lafayette Avenue)
Island platform, not in service
Eastbound local No service (Lafayette Avenue)

The station has six tracks and four island platforms.[18][34][35] Each platform is 660 feet (200 m) long, and the entire station is approximately 143 feet (44 m) wide from north to south.[18] The centermost pair of tracks (Tracks E1 and E2) belongs to the Crosstown Line, served by the G train.[34] To the east (railroad north), they run under Lafayette Avenue while to the west (railroad south), they turn south and merge with the IND Sixth Avenue Line to form the IND Culver Line under Smith Street.[18][35][36] The next pair of tracks from the center are the express tracks (Tracks A3 and A4) of the Fulton Street Line, served by the A and ​C trains.[34] Trains using these tracks open their doors on their left, to the inner island platforms, not on the right, to the outer ones. To the east, the C diverges to the local tracks and all four tracks continue under Fulton Street. To the west, the express tracks curve north under Jay Street and continue as the IND Eighth Avenue Line.[18][35][36][37] There is no track connection between the Fulton and Crosstown lines.[35][36][38]

The outermost pair of tracks—the Fulton Street local tracks (Tracks A1 and A2)—and the outer two island platforms are no longer used in revenue service.[34] To the west, the tracks continue under Schermerhorn Street to the decommissioned Court Street station, currently the site of the New York Transit Museum, in Brooklyn Heights.[14][18][35] Track A2 is currently out of service for the storage of trains at the New York Transit Museum.[39] Though it may be difficult to see in some of the unlighted portions of the station, a tile band is present on the trackside walls–similar in color to the Crosstown Line stations north to Flushing Avenue, and the Fulton Line stations east to Franklin Avenue–Lime (Nile) Green with a medium Kelly Green border, set in a three-high course consistent with many IND express stations.[18] Captions reading "HOYT" are present in white lettering on a black background, with no mention of "Schermerhorn". On the eastbound (southern) side, some of these captions have been stickered-over with different station names as required for film and TV shoots, though both sides have been used for filming.[40] Both northern platforms have green-painted steel I-beams, while the beams on both southern platforms are tiled.[40] Much of the ceiling at platform level is peeling due to water damage.[27][41] A control tower is located at the eastern (railroad south) end of the outer southbound platform, and is staffed at all times except late nights.[38]

Due to its width, the southern half of the station had to be built under private property on the south side of Schermerhorn Street.[12] The station's mezzanine, located over the northern half of the station directly underneath Schermerhorn Street, contains a New York City Transit Police precinct office where the operations of NYPD Transit District 30 are headquartered, and several New York City Transit Authority offices.[14][42] From the mezzanine, there are three staircases to each active platform, a turnstile bank, and a token booth.[36]


Station entrance at 209 Schermerhorn Street, seen in 2014 before reconstruction
The same entrance in 2018, after the addition of an elevator to mezzanine level

There are three exits. One is within a building and goes to the northwestern corner of Bond and Schermerhorn Streets; it connects to fare control via a corridor.[43][44] Another goes to the middle of the block between Hoyt and Bond Streets and is built inside 225 Schermerhorn Street.[43] The third exit goes close to the northeastern corner of Hoyt and Schermerhorn Streets and is built inside 209 Schermerhorn Street (also known as 45 Hoyt Street, or Hoyt & Horn).[43][44][45] The third exit contains an elevator from street level to the mezzanine, which was opened in September 2018 as part of the construction of Hoyt & Horn.[46]

In addition to the open entrances, there are numerous sealed passages and exits; a count indicated eight closed street stairs. One was built into 189 Schermerhorn Street, but may have been demolished when a new building was erected. Another was built into the building occupying 227 to 253 Schermerhorn Street. Two more were built into 33 Bond Street, but one may have been demolished when a new building was made. Another led to the southwestern corner of Hoyt and Schermerhorn Streets, but is sealed on street level. Another led to the southeastern corner of Bond and Schermerhorn Streets, but is also sealed on street level. There is a closed passage next to the open Bond Street exit that exits to the west side of Bond Street between Schermerhorn and Livingston Streets, as well as the southwestern corner of Bond and Livingston Streets, one block north of Schermerhorn Street. The passage to Livingston Street further led to now-defunct Loeser's Department Store, which eventually became a McCrory's.[14][22][47][48] Part of the mezzanine tilework at this location still features navy blue and gold Art Deco designs, including large plaques bearing the store's logo.[14][49][50] These had previously been shop windows.[14]

Service patterns

Bergen Street (IND Culver Line) Jay Street – MetroTech (IND Fulton Street Line) Court Street (IND Fulton Street Line)
West of the station
IND Crosstown Line
   G all times (all times)
IND Eighth Avenue Line tunnels
   A all times (all times)
   C all except late nights (all except late nights)
IND Fulton Street Line to Court Street
no regular service
In the station
innermost tracks
   G all times (all times)
center tracks
   A all times (all times)
   C all except late nights (all except late nights)
outermost tracks
no regular service
East of the station
IND Crosstown Line
   G all times (all times)
IND Fulton Street Line express
   A all except late nights (all except late nights)
IND Fulton Street Line local
   A late nights (late nights)
   C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Fulton Street (IND Crosstown Line) Nostrand Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line) Lafayette Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

In popular culture

The unused portions of the Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets station have appeared in several films, TV episodes, and videos.[14][27] The station was featured in The Wiz (1978) in which the characters find themselves in a strange Emerald city subway with evil monsters such as chomping trashcans and subway columns that move and try to trap the characters.[51] The station was also featured in the Eddie Murphy comedy Coming to America (1988),[27] as well as in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990).[52] The Warriors (1979), Crocodile Dundee (1986) and Crocodile Dundee II (1988), and The Taking of Pelham 123 (2009) have also filmed at Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets.[14][52][53]

The Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets station's mezzanine was the main setting for the filming of Michael Jackson's music video/short film for his hit 1987 single "Bad",[29][30][32][53] as well as "Weird Al" Yankovic's parody, "Fat".[32] The opening scene of the Law & Order episode "Subterranean Homeboy Blues" (1990) was filmed in this station.[54] The song is referenced in the title of Leikeli47's song "Hoyt and Schermerhorn" from Acrylic.[55]


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