Indian Union Muslim League

political party

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Indian Union Muslim League
AbbreviationI. U. M. L. (League)
PresidentK. M. Kader Mohideen
ChairpersonSayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal
SecretaryP. K. Kunhalikutty
Lok Sabha leaderE. T. Muhammed Basheer
Rajya Sabha leaderP. V. Abdul Wahab
FounderM. Muhammad Ismail
Founded
  • 10 March 1948 (72 years ago) (1948-03-10) (First Council)
  • 1 September 1951 (69 years ago) (1951-09-01) (Constitution)
HeadquartersQuaid-e-Millath Manzil, No. 36, Maraikayar Lebbai Street, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.[1]
Newspaper(see below)
Student wingMuslim Students Federation (M. S. F.)
Youth wingMuslim Youth League (the Youth League) [1]
Women's wingIndian Union Women's League
Labour wingSwatantra Trade Union (STU)
Peasant's wingSwathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Kerala)
SloganUnity is Strength
Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
18 / 140
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
1 / 234
Election symbol
IUML Election Symbol
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The Indian Union Muslim League or I. U. M. L. (commonly referred to as the League inside Kerala) is an Indian political party primarily based in the Indian state of Kerala. It is recognized by the Election Commission of India as a State Party.

The first Council of the IUML, which was at the time the Indian successor of the Muslim League, was held on 10 March 1948 at the south Indian city of Madras.[2] The 'Indian Union Muslim League' constitution was passed on 1 September 1951.[2]

The party is a major member of the United Democratic Front, the Indian National Congress -led pre-poll state level alliance in Kerala[3][4] and has always had a constant, albeit small, presence in the Lok Sabha.[3] The party is a part of the United Progressive Alliance at the national level.[3] The League its first ministry (Minister of State for External Affairs) in the first Manmohan Singh ministry in 2004.[5]

The party currently has four members in Parliament - P. K. Kunhalikutty, E. T. Mohammed Basheer, and K. Navas Kani in the Lok Sabha and P. V. Abdul Wahab in the Rajya Sabha and nineteen members in State Legislative Assemblies of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

History

Indian Union Muslim League leadership (Kerala, 1957)

After the partition of India in 1947, the All-India Muslim League was virtually disbanded. It was succeeded by the Indian segment of the Muslim League in the new Dominion of India (first session on 10 March 1948 and constitution passed on 1 September 1951).[3] M. Muhammad Ismail, the then President of the Madras Muslim League (M. M. L.) was chosen as the Convener of the Indian segment of the League.[2] The Travancore League (the States' Muslim League) was merged with the Malabar League in November, 1956.[2]

Indian Union Muslim League contests General Elections under the Indian Constitution.[3] The party is normally represented by two members in the Indian Lower House (the Lok Sabha).[3] B. Pocker, elected from Malappuram Constituency, was a member of the First Lower House (1952–57) from the Madras Muslim League (M. M. L.).[3] The party currently has four members in Parliament.

Apart from Kerala and West Bengal, the League had Legislative Assembly members in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Maharastra, Karanataka, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam.[6] In West Bengal, the League had won Assembly seats in the 1970s, and A. K. A. Hassanussaman was a member of the Ajoy Mukherjee cabinet.[7]

Indian Union Muslim League first gained a ministry in Kerala Government as part of the Communist Party of India Marxist-led United Front in 1967. The party switched fronts in 1969 and formed an alliance with the Congress in 1976.[8][4] It later became a chief constituent in a succession of Indian National Congress-lead ministries.[4]

Early years

  • First Council of the Indian segment of the Muslim League was held on 10 March 1948 at the south Indian city of Madras (now Chennai).[2]
  • On 1 September 1951 the 'Indian Union Muslim League' came into being in Madras (constitution was passed).[2]
  • B. Pocker Sahib, elected from Malappuram Constituency, was a member of the first Lok Sabha (1952–57).[3]
  • K. M Seethi Sahib served as the Speaker of the Kerala Assemby from 1960 to 1961.[9]

From the 1960s to the 80s

With the Congress Party

In the 1990s

From the 2000s

Ideology

The [Indian Union Muslim League] party...has shown strands of identity politics, but largely remained communitarian; it has at times been conservative, but never communal. It has furthered Muslim aspirations without antagonising any other segment—and hence has retained its centrality in the larger Kerala polity

— Outlook [2]

The distinctive feature of the [Indian Union] Muslim League in Kerala is that it strove to keep the [Muslim] community at the centre of the [Kerala] state's politics, unlike other Muslim political formations elsewhere in India that revelled in confessional isolationism. As a result, the Kerala Muslims emerged as probably the only community of that faith in India that achieved genuine political empowerment on the one hand and, on the other, lived out the promise of equal citizenship enshrined in the [Indian] Constitution.

— Outlook [3]

If organising a religious community politically on the basis of antagonism to another is communalism, the IUML has never mobilised its cadre nor used its political and often administrative clout to create religious divides. On the contrary, whenever the state faced a communally sensitive situation, the party rose to the occasion and played a stellar role in dousing the flames....By practicing a brand of politics that could be termed communitarian rather than communal, the IUML succeeded in actualising the constitutional guarantee of equal citizenship for the Muslims in the state.

— The Indian Express [4]


Composition

A postage stamp released in commemoration of Mohammed Ali Shihab Thangal (1936-2009).
The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (2004-14) releasing a postage stamp in commemoration of Mohammed Ali Shihab Thangal (1936-2009). E. Ahamed, Hyder Ali Shihab Thangal and Sachin Pilot are also seen.
Designation Name
Chairman-Political Advisory Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal (Kerala)[19]
National President K. M. Kader Mohideen (Tamil Nadu)[20]
Vice-Presidents Iqbal Ahmed (Uttar Pradesh)
Dastagir Ibrahim Aga (Karnataka)
National General Secretary P. K. Kunhalikutty (Kerala)[21]
National Organising Secretary E. T. Mohammed Basheer (Kerala)
National Treasurer P. V. Abdul Wahab (Kerala)[22]
Secretaries Khorrum Anis Omer (Delhi)
M. P. Abdussamad Samadani (Kerala)
S. Naim Akthar (Bihar)
Siraj Ebrahim Sait (Karnataka)
Assistant Secretaries Abdul Basith (Tamil Nadu)
Kausar Hayat Khan (Uttar Pradesh)

Organizational structure

  • Youth Wing: Muslim Youth League (the Youth League) [5]
    • National President: Sabir S. Gaffar (West Bangal)
    • Kerala State General Secretary: P. K. Firoz
    • Kerala State President: Syed Munawar Ali Shihab Thangal
    • National Secretary: C. K. Subair (Kerala)
  • Students' Wing: Muslim Students Federation (M. S. F.)
    • National President: T. P. Ashrafali
    • National General Secretary: S. H. Muhammed Arshad
  • Dalit wing: Indian Union Dalit League
  • Women's Political Wing: Muslim Women's League
  • Trade Union Organization (Kerala): Swathanthra Thozhilali Union (S. T. U., Independent Workers Union)
  • Peasants' Union (Kerala): Swathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Independent Peasants Union)
  • Advocates: Lawyers Forum
  • Expatriates: Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre (K. M. C. C.)

Kerala Legislative Assembly

Source: http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/electionhistory.html

Early years (1957 - 1979/80)

Election Seats Vote % Government/Opposition Ministers Sources
Won (Contested)
1957 8 (19)

As independents

4.72 Opposition (to Namboodiripad Ministry)

1957 - 59

[12][23]
1960 11 (12) 5.0 Government (Pattom Ministry)

1960 - 62

  • Formally left the coalition in 1961 as an abstaining Opposition.[24]
Excluded from the Pattom Ministry[24] [24][12][25]
Abstaining Opposition (to Shankar Ministry)[24]

1962 - 64

[24]
1965 6 (16) 3.71 Inconclusive (no government formed)[24] [25][12]
1967 14 (15) 6.75 Government[4] (Namboodiripad Ministry)

1967 - 69

[4][25]
Government (Achutha Menon Ministry)

1969 - 70

[26]
1970 11 (20) 7.7 Government (Achutha Menon Ministry)

1970 - 77

[26][27]
1977 13 (16) 6.65 Government (Karunakaran Ministry)

1977

[26][27]
Government (Antony Ministry)

1977 - 78

Government (PKV Ministry)

1978 - 79

Government (Koya Ministry)

1979

With the United Democratic Front (1979/80 - present)

Election Seats Vote % Government/Opposition[4] Ministers
Won (Contested)
1980 14 (21) 7.18 Opposition (to Nayanar Ministry)

1980 - 81

Government (Karunakaran Ministry)

1981 - 82

1982 14 (18) 6.17 Government (Karunakaran Ministry)

1982 - 87

1987 15 (23) 7.73 Opposition

(to Nayanar Ministry)

1987 - 91

1991 19 (22) 7.37 Government

(Karunakaran Ministry)

1991 - 95

Government

(Antony Ministry)

1995 - 96

2001 16 (21) 7.59 Government

(Antony Ministry)

2001 - 2004

Government

(Chandy Ministry)

2004 - 2006

2006 7 (21) 7.30 Opposition

(to Achuthanandan Ministry)

2006 - 11

2011 20 (23) 7.92 Government

(Chandy Ministry)

2011 - 16

2016 18 (23) 7.40 Opposition

(to Vijayan Ministry)

2016 - present

Current members

Map of Kerala showing 2016 Assembly Election Results
Legislative Constituency Member
Tamil Nadu
Tenkasi
Kadayanallur K. A. M. Abubacker
Kerala
Kasaragod
Manjeshwaram M. C. Kamaruddin
Kasaragod N. A. Nellikkunnu
Kannur
Azhikode K. M. Shaji
Kozhikode
Kuttiady Parakkal Abdulla
Kozhikode South M. K. Muneer
Malappuram
Kondotty T. V. Ibrahim
Eranad P. K. Basheer
Manjeri M. Ummer
Perinthalmanna Manjalamkuzhi Ali
Mankada T. A. Ahamed Kabir
Malappuram P. Ubaidulla
Vengara K. N. A. Khader
Vallikkunnu P. Abdul Hameed
Tirurangadi P. K. Abdu Rabb
Tirur C. Mammutty
Kottakkal K. K. Abid Hussain Thangal
Palakkad
Mannarkkad N. Samsudheen
Ernakulam
Kalamassery V. K. Ebrahim Kunju

Lower House (the Lok Sabha)

Source: Loksabha

Council of States (the Rajya Sabha)

Source: Rajyasabha

Madras

Kerala

Tamil Nadu

  • A. K. A. Abdul Samad (1964–70)
  • S. A. Khwaja Mohideen (1968–74)
  • A. K. A. Abdul Samad (1970– 76)
  • A. K. Refaye (1972–78)
  • S. A. Khwaja Mohideen (1974-80)

References

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Wright, T. (1966). The Muslim League in South India since Independence: A Study in Minority Group Political Strategies. The American Political Science Review, 60(3), 579-599.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Explained: History of Muslim League in Kerala and India". The Indian Express. 6 April 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i James Chiriyankandath (1996) Changing Muslim politics in Kerala: identity, interests and political strategies, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 16:2, 257-271.
  5. ^ a b c d "E. Ahamed: Minister of State for External Affairs". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India. 19 June 2004. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  6. ^ "History of Indian Union Muslim League". Indian Union Muslim League (website).
  7. ^ Ameerudheen, T. A. (21 May 2017). "Will the Muslim League's decision to go national affect Asaduddin Owaisi plans for his party?". Scroll. Archived from the original on 12 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b Menon, Girish (22 March 2016). "How the Muslim League is at peace with itself". The Hindu. Trivandrum.
  9. ^ "SPEAKERS AND DEPUTY SPEAKERS OF KERALA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY" (PDF). Kerala Legislative Assembly. Trivandrum: Secretariat of the Kerala Legislature. 2007.
  10. ^ a b c Wright (23 June 1948). "Muslims and the 1977 Indian Elections: A Watershed?". Asian Survey. 17 (12): 1207–1220. doi:10.2307/2643422. ISSN 0004-4687.
  11. ^ Chief Minister of Kerala (Official Website)
  12. ^ a b c d Radhakrishnan, M. G. (19 April 2019). "Revenge of the Dead Horse". Asianet News. Trivandrum.
  13. ^ Chief Minister of Kerala (Official Website)
  14. ^ Pillai, Sreedhar (31 August 1985). "Indian Union Muslim League and All India Muslim League merge in Kerala". India Today. Kerala.
  15. ^ a b IANS (2 August 2009). "Kerala mourns passing away of Panakkad Thangal". Gulf News. Malappuram.
  16. ^ a b Nair, Preetha (19 April 2019). "A Coloured Scheme of Things". Outlook.
  17. ^ a b c Madampat, Shajahan (11 April 2019). "The importance of IUML". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 12 June 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  18. ^ Naha, Abdul Latheef (25 March 2014). "Muslim votes not a monolithic bloc". The Hindu. Malappuram. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Hyderali Shihab Thangal, chief of IUML in Kerala". The Hindu. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
  20. ^ "K M Khader Mohideen is IUML National President". India Today. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  21. ^ "P K Kunhalikutty is IUML national general secretary - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Indian Union Muslim League national committee members". iuml.com. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  23. ^ Jeffrey, Robin. "Politics, Women and Well-Being: How Kerala became a Model" Palgrave McMillan (1992); 112 and 114.
  24. ^ a b c d e f Wright, Theodore P. 'The Muslim League in South India since Independence.' American Political Science Review, vol. 60, no. 3, 1966, pp. 579–599., doi:10.2307/1952972.
  25. ^ a b c Malhotra, Inder. "The eternal Kerala pattern". The Indian Express.
  26. ^ a b c Nossiter, Thomas Johnson (1982). Communism in Kerala: A Study in Political Adaptation. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. pp. 5–6.
  27. ^ a b Kartha, G. S. (15 May 1977). "Kerala seems to be drifting towards instability". India Today.

External links

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