Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
|2nd President of the United Arab Emirates|
3 November 2004 – 13 May 2022
|Prime Minister||Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Preceded by||Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan|
|Succeeded by||Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (acting)|
|Ruler of Abu Dhabi|
2 November 2004 – 13 May 2022
|Preceded by||Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan|
|Succeeded by||Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
7 September 1948
Al Ain, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
|Died||13 May 2022(aged 73)|
|Spouse(s)||Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei|
|Children||8, including Sultan and Mohammed|
Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic: خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان; 7 September 1948 – 13 May 2022) was the President of the United Arab Emirates, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, and the supreme commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces from 2004 to 2022. He was also the Chairman of the Supreme Petroleum Council from the late 1980s.
As the crown prince, Khalifa carried out some aspects of the presidency in a de facto capacity from the late 1990s when his father Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan faced health problems. He succeeded his father as the emir of Abu Dhabi on 2 November 2004 and the presidency of the United Arab Emirates the following day.
During his reign, he was deemed one of the richest monarchs in the world. He controlled 97.8 billion barrels of oil reserves and was chairman of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, which manages $875 billion in assets, the largest amount managed by a nation's head of state in the world. Collectively, the Al Nahyan family is believed to hold a fortune of $150 billion. On 4 January 2010, the world's tallest man-made structure, originally known as Burj Dubai, was renamed the Burj Khalifa in his honor, after Abu Dhabi gave Dubai $10 billion to help pay off debts. In 2018, Forbes named Khalifa in its list of the world’s most powerful people.
In January 2014, Khalifa had a stroke and was in a stable condition after surgery. He then assumed a lower profile in state affairs but retained ceremonial presidential powers. His half-brother Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan carried out public affairs of the state and day-to-day decision-making of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
Early life and education
Khalifa was born on 7 September 1948 at Qasr Al-Muwaiji, Al Ain, in Abu Dhabi (then part of the Trucial States), the eldest son of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. He was a graduate of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
When his father, Zayed, became Emir of Abu Dhabi in 1966, Khalifa was appointed the Ruler's Representative (the mayor) in the Eastern Region of Abu Dhabi and Head of the Courts Department in Al Ain. Zayed was the Ruler's Representative in the Eastern Region before he became the Emir of Abu Dhabi. A few months later the position was handed to Tahnoun bin Mohammed Al Nahyan.
On 1 February 1969, Khalifa was nominated the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, and on the next day he was appointed Head of the Abu Dhabi Department of Defense. In that post, he oversaw the build up of the Abu Dhabi Defense Force, which after 1971 became the core of the UAE Armed Forces.
Independence in 1971
Following the establishment of the UAE in 1971, Khalifa assumed several positions in Abu Dhabi: Prime Minister, head of the Abu Dhabi Cabinet (under his father), Minister of Defense, and Minister of Finance. After the reconstruction of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates, the Abu Dhabi Cabinet was replaced by the Abu Dhabi Executive Council, and Khalifa became the 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (23 December 1973) and the Chairman of the Executive Council of Abu Dhabi (20 January 1974), under his father.
In May 1976, he became deputy commander of the UAE Armed Forces, under the President. He also became the head of the Supreme Petroleum Council in the late 1980s. The post granted him wide powers in energy matters. He was also the chairman of the Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency.
He succeeded to the posts of Emir of Abu Dhabi and President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 3 November 2004, replacing his father Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who had died the day before. He had been acting president since his father became ill prior to his passing.
On 1 December 2005, the President announced that half of the members of the Federal National Council (FNC), an assembly that advises the president, would be indirectly elected. Half of the council's members would still need to be appointed by the leaders of the emirates. The elections were set to take place in December 2006.
In 2009, Khalifa was re-elected as President for a second five-year term.
In 2010, Khalifa was described in a WikiLeaks cable signed by then U.S. ambassador Richard G. Olson as a "distant and uncharismatic personage." The cable said that Khalifa had risked his reputation and the UAE’s future since 1990, when he described the United States as willing to shed blood to maintain international order and stability in the Gulf.
Later that year Khalifa was ranked as the world's fourth-wealthiest monarch, with a fortune estimated to be worth $15 billion. In 2013, he commissioned Azzam, the longest motor yacht ever built at 590 ft (180 m) long, with costs between $400–600 million.
In fall 2011, the Emirates initiated a program to promote "allegiance" to Khalifa and other Emirati leaders. The program continues, and encourages not only Emirati nationals, but residents from any nationality to register their "appreciation, recognition, and loyalty" to the Emirs.
Investments and foreign aid
Seychellois government records show that since 1995 Sheikh Khalifa has spent $2 million buying up more than 66 acres of land on the Seychelles' main island of Mahé, where what was to be his palace is being built. The Seychelles' government has received large aid packages from the UAE, most notably a $130 million injection that was used in social service and military aid, which funded patrol boats for the Seychelles' antipiracy efforts. In 2008, the UAE came to the indebted Seychelles government's aid, with a $30 million injection.
Sheikh Khalifa paid $500,000 for the 29.8-acre site of his palace in 2005, according to the sales document. A Seychelles planning authority initially rejected the palace's building plans, a decision overturned by President James Michel's cabinet. A month after the start of construction of the palace, the national utility company warned that the site's plans posed threats to the water supply. Joel Morgan, the Seychelles' minister of the environment, said the government did not tender the land because it wanted it to go to Sheikh Khalifa. Morgan said "the letter of the law" might not have been followed in the land sale.
In February 2010, the sewage system set up by Ascon, the company building the palace, for the site's construction workers overflowed, sending rivers of waste through the region, which is home to more than 8000 residents. Local government agencies and officials from Khalifa's office responded quickly to the problem, sending in technical experts and engineers. Government officials concluded that Ascon ignored health and building codes for their workers, and fined the company $81,000. Ascon blamed the incident on "unpredicted weather conditions". Khalifa's presidential office offered to pay $15 million to replace the water-piping system for the mountainside, and Seychelles' government representatives and residents say Ascon has offered to pay roughly $8,000 to each of the 360 households that were affected by the pollution.
Through the Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Foundation, the UAE supported the Yemeni people in August 2015 with 3,000 tonnes of food and aid supplies. By 19 August 2015, the foundation had sent Yemen 7,800 tonnes of food, medicine, and medical supplies.
In April 2016, Sheikh Khalifa was named in the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists; he reportedly owned luxury properties in London worth more than $1.7 billion via shell companies that Mossack Fonseca set up and administers for him in the British Virgin Islands.
Sheikh Khalifa died on 13 May 2022 at the age of 73. The Ministry of Presidential Affairs announced a 40-day national mourning with flags at half staff along with a three-day suspension of work in private firms and the official entities at the federal and local levels of institution.
State mourning was also announced in many other Arab League nations. Bahrain, Lebanon, Oman, Mauritania and Qatar declared official mourning and flags at half-mast for three days. In Jordan, mourning was declared for 40 days while flags will fly half-mast in Kuwait. Pakistan announced a three day mourning. India also declared a period of national mourning with flags at half staff for one day starting from 14 May 2022.
President of the United Arab Emirates
|Reference style||His Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Highness|
- Brazil: Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross (12 November 2021).
- United Kingdom:
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (8 January 2012).
- South Korea: Member of the Grand Order of Mugunghwa (21 November 2012).
- Ukraine: Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise I degree (26 November 2012).
|Ancestors of Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
- "UAE president Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed dies". Reuters. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Memories of Abu Dhabi and Al Ain in the Early Nineteen-Sixties" (PDF). National Archives. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed passes away". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed passes away on 13 May 2022 at the age of 73". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan | Biography, Family, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
- "H. H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan". United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- "Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan". Forbes. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- "Board of Directors". ADIA. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- "Asset-backed insecurity". The Economist. 17 January 2008. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- "The Gulf's Newest Billionaire". Forbes. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- "World's tallest building opens in Dubai". BBC News. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "The World's Most Powerful People". Forbes. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
- "Sheikh Khalifa's condition stable as he recovers from stroke". The National. Abu Dhabi. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- "UAE president stable after suffering stroke". Financial Times. 26 January 2014.
- "Sheikha Hessa, mother of Sheikh Khalifa, dies". The National. United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "The UAE President". Crown Prince Court. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Things You Didn't Know About Khalifa bin Zayed". UAE-Voice. 21 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Entrepreneur - Start, run and grow your business". Entrepreneur.
- "The UAE Cabinet - The Official Portal of the UAE Government". u.ae. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "H. H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan - The Official Portal of the UAE Government". 14 November 2021. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed passes away". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
- Turak, Natasha (13 May 2022). "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed has died at age 73, country announces 40-day mourning period". CNBC. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
- Hall, Phil. "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa, Who Steered Nation To Economic Prominence, Dies At 73". Benzinga. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
- "UAE: Death of Sheikha Hassa Bint Mohammed marks end of MBK era | Cross-border Information". www.crossborderinformation.com. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
- "Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Family". Retrieved 12 September 2021.
- "Home". Sheikha Shamma bint Sultan bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
- "H. H. Sheikh Sultan Bin Khalifa Al Nahyan Humanitarian & Science Foundation". www.sbkf.ae. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
- RoyalReporter.com. "United Arab Emirates – Royal Reporter". Retrieved 12 September 2021.
- "Sheikh Khalifa re-elected UAE president". Hindustan Times. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
- Coker, Margaret (29 November 2010). "Leaked Papers Show Arab Leaders Critical of Iran, Neighbors". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
- "UAE updates support to UN Resolution 1973". WAM. 25 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016.
- "Libya Live Blog – March 24". Al Jazeera. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Khalifa stresses UAE support to Bahrain". Khaleej Times. 3 March 2011.
- "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011.
- "Emirati royals knock Abramovich off top of yacht league". CNBC. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- Daniel Fisher (5 April 2012). "German Shipyard Launches World's Largest Private Yacht At 591 Feet". Forbes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Want to pledge allegiance to the president of the UAE? With this website, you can! The Next Web". 8 November 2011.
- "About Our Allegiance and Belonging". ourallegiancetokhalifa.com. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- Reuters (8 February 2022). "Israel, UAE sign tourism, healthcare agreements - Twitter". Reuters. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
- Margaret, Coker (9 September 2010). "Sheikh Abode a Sore Point in Seychelles". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Khalifa Foundation sends 3,000 tonnes of aid to Yemen - Yemen". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
- "In Pictures: UAE's humanitarian aid efforts over the past 50 years". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
- "UAE has pledged $110 million in humanitarian aid to Socotra since 2015". The National. 31 July 2021. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
- "Panama Papers: The Power Players". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Adam Lusher (5 April 2016). "Panama Papers: 12 world leaders linked to offshore dealings – and the full allegations against them". The Independent.
- "President Sheikh Khalifa dies aged 73". The National. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed passes away". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Bahrain mourns Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, announces mourning and flags at half-mast". سكاي نيوز عربية (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Lebanon declares official mourning for Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed and flags at half-mast for 3 days". www.albayan.ae (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "سلطنة عمان تعلن الحداد 3 أيام على روح الشيخ خليفة بن زايد". العين الإخبارية (in Arabic). 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Mauritania declared three days of national mourning". العين الإخبارية (in Arabic). 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "The Emir of Qatar mourns Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed". صحيفة الخليج (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- البيان. "Jordan announces 40 days of mourning for the death of Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed". www.albayan.ae (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "The death of Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed... Kuwait announces 3 days of mourning, and flags fly at half-mast for 40 days". العين الإخبارية (in Arabic). 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Pakistan announces three days national mourning over demise of Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan".
- "Pakistan announces 3 days national mourning over demise of UAE President".
- "India Declares State Mourning Tomorrow After UAE President's Death". NDTV.com. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- "Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi" (PDF). mha.gov.in. 13 May 2022.
- "Bolsonaro condecora líderes do Oriente Médio antes de viagem à região". noticias.uol.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 12 November 2021.
- "Otras disposiciones" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado. 4 December 1981. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
- "REAL DECRETO 890/2008" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Khalifa, Queen Elizabeth II exchange orders". Gulf News. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Khalifa welcomes HM Queen Beatrix of Netherlands". Khaleej Times. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Korean leader hails UAE achievements". Khaleej Times. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Янукович і Президент ОАЕ обмінялися орденами" (in Ukrainian). 26 November 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.|