Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant

dam in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

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Kyiv Hydroelectric Station
Kiev Hydroelectric Station.jpeg
View on station from Vyshhorod
Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant is located in Ukraine
Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant
Location of Kyiv Hydroelectric Station in Ukraine
LocationVyshhorod, Ukraine
Coordinates50°35′18.02″N 30°30′44.36″E / 50.5883389°N 30.5123222°E / 50.5883389; 30.5123222Coordinates: 50°35′18.02″N 30°30′44.36″E / 50.5883389°N 30.5123222°E / 50.5883389; 30.5123222
PurposePower, navigation
StatusOperational
Opening date1964; 58 years ago (1964)
Dam and spillways
Type of damEarth-fill embankment with gravity sections
ImpoundsDnieper River
Length288 m (945 ft)
Spillway capacity12,500 m3/s (441,433 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
CreatesKyiv Reservoir
Total capacity3,780×10^6 m3 (3,064,496 acre⋅ft)
Surface area922 km2 (356 sq mi)
Power Station
Operator(s)Ukrhydroenergo
Commission date1964-1968
Hydraulic head12 m (39 ft)
Turbines20; 4 x 22.7 MW, 16 x 20.5 MW bulb turbine[1]
Installed capacity418.8 MW
Annual generation683 GWh

Kyiv Hydroelectric Station is a run-of-river power plant on the Dnieper River in Vyshhorod, Ukraine. The 288 m (945 ft) long dam creates the Kyiv Reservoir with the purpose of hydroelectric power generation and navigability with the dam's associated lock. The first of 20 generators in the power station was commissioned in 1964, the last in 1968. Together with the Kyiv Pumped Storage Power Station, it creates a hydroelectricity generating complex. It is operated by the Ukrhydroenergo. Turbines for the plant were produced by the Kharkiv Factory "Turboatom", generators by Kharkiv Factory "Elektrovazhmash".

Kyiv Power generating complex near Vyshhorod

History of construction

Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant project was developed by the leading project research institute "UkrHydroProekt". Construction of the Kiev Hydroelectric Power Plant began in October 1960. Construction was carried out by Kremenchugs'bud Trust collective. During the construction, many new organizational and constructive solutions were introduced. In particular, the reduction of the cost of construction, reducing its term when improving the quality of construction structures was achieved thanks to the use of prefabricated reinforced concrete. The Kiev HPP also introduced new technologies for high-frequency installation of large concrete constructions for the first time.

1960

October-December: organization of the construction site, weaving the trenches of the pit.

1961

June: the first concrete plant was built.

July: the start of the pumping of the gateway

August: the first cubic meter of concrete is enclosed in a navigable gateway

October: the beginning of excavation works on the left bank dam

1962

January: the transition through Dnepr to the transmission line is 35 kV

March: the start of work in the hydroelectric excavation

May: the first cubic meter of concrete is enclosed in the foundation of the hydroelectric power station

1963

April: concreting slopes of the left bank dam began

1964

September: shipyards were put into operation

November: flooding of the pit and the Dnipro overpass

December: launch of the first unit of the hydroelectric power station

1965

Start of units №№ 2,3,4

1966

Start of units №№5-10

1967

Start of units №№11-16

1968

Start of units №№17-20

During the construction of Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant, ground works were carried out in an amount of 79 400 thousand cubic meters; 825 thousand cubic meters of monolithic concrete was made.

Specifications

For the first time in the Kyiv HPP in the former USSR, low-pressure horizontal capsule hydro units were used.

The uniqueness of the Kiev hydroelectric plant is that for the first time in the practice of domestic hydro-building the hydroelectric power plant was combined with a concrete spillway dam with 20 waterways.

Hydroelectric power station - 51 m wide and 285 m long connected type, structurally divided by temperature-sediment seams into five blocks with 4 horizontal capsule units in each.

Water reservoir of Kyiv hydroelectric power station - channel, river type, with limited seasonal regulation. The total length of the protective structures is 70 km the highest elevation of the channel dam is 22 m.

The structure of the main hydroelectric power plants includes: a hydroelectric power plant with right and left bank facilities, an open distribution unit (GRP) of 110 kV, a combined concrete spillway with 20 waterways. The hydro-unit also includes the right-bank and left-bank dam, the protective dam of the right bank, the dam - the insert between the gateway and the building of the hydroelectric power station, the dam-wave separation, channel rowing and pressureless dam of the left bank and the Kiev navigable gateway (which today belongs to the State Enterprise "Ukrvodshlyah").

In general, at the hydroelectric power station 20 horizontally-capsule aggregates with rotary-shovel hydro turbines type PL/GK-600M manufactured by the Kharkov turbine plant and horizontal synchronous generators of type SGK-538/160-70 were installed at the plant "Electrotyazhmash", installed capacity for today (after carrying out of reconstruction of hydrounits) is 440 MW.

Over the overlap of the flowing part in the generating premises are located: main outputs of generators, oil pressure equipment with speed regulators, pumps, and the like.

The upper ceiling of these premises in a complex with a deformed metallic lid forms the threshold of spillage. From the bottom seating along the entire surface of the building.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kiev HPP". Global Energy Observatory. Retrieved 20 February 2014.

External links

Media related to Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant at Wikimedia Commons

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant