Langham House Close

1950s Brutalist architectural-style development in Ham, London, UK

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Langham House Close
The main block of Langham House Close viewed from the west pavilion
Langham House Close – main block from west pavilion
Map of Richmond upon Thames showing position of Langham House Close on Ham Common
Map of Richmond upon Thames showing position of Langham House Close on Ham Common
EtymologyLangham House
General information
Architectural stylebrutalising postmodern
LocationHam Common, London
AddressTW10 7JE
Coordinates51°25′59.57″N 0°18′35.13″W / 51.4332139°N 0.3097583°W / 51.4332139; -0.3097583
Construction started1957
Technical details
Materialstock brick and concrete
Floor count2 & 3
Design and construction
ArchitectStirling & Gowan
DeveloperL Manousso
DesignationsGrade II*
Other information
Number of units30
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official name1–18 Langham House Close; 19–24 Langham House Close; 25–30 Langham House Close
Designated22–23 December 1998
Reference no.1033380;103338; 1051027

Langham House Close on Ham Common in Ham in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is a development of three Grade II* listed buildings designed in 1955 by the British architects James Gowan and James Stirling.[1][2][3][4] The Le Corbusier-influenced buildings were the architects' first major project working together and cemented their reputation as leaders amongst the Brutalist movement. The development was constructed during 1957–58 for Manousso Group.[1]

Main block and west pavilion
East pavilion


Langham House Close is a cul-de-sac off Ham Street, Ham Common, London located to the north of the Cassel Hospital and behind Langham House, both Grade II listed.[5][6] After the death of former owner, Sir Lyonel Tollemache, in 1953 the house and garden were sold separately, Langham House was converted from a single dwelling into flats and the garden plot was sold for development on a 999-year lease in 1955.[7][8]


Langham House Close was the inaugural built design project of the partnership of Gowan and Stirling in 1955.[9] The partnership were engaged by developer Luke Manousso, the father of one of Stirling's former students.[10]


The development comprises three flat-roofed blocks, one three-storey block of 18 flats designed by Stirling and two, two-storey blocks of six flats designed by Gowan, the two architects following common themes yet expressing individual features. Constructed of second-hand stock brick reflecting the construction of old Langham House, the buildings use in-situ shuttered concrete, blatantly exposed on exterior and repeated in interior surfaces.[1]

Stirling's large block lies nearest Langham House with three communal stairwells providing access to six flats each. Gowan's "garden pavilion" blocks lie further away from Ham Common. The pair are mirror images of each other and provide access to each of the six flats from a central stairwell.

The flats themselves share common features. Each has a central fireplace with back boiler and linen cupboard set in exposed stock brick with concrete lintels and shelves repeating the exterior surface themes on a smaller scale. There are four different designs for the fireplaces though, two in the main block and two in the pavilions which adds variety between each flat. This central unit separates the main living space from the kitchen. The flats vary in number of bedrooms, from one to three adding further variety. Detailed attention has been given to the size and location of windows, a further variable feature.[11]

The design was in radical contrast to other similar developments of its day.[1] In 1966 architectural critic Ian Nairn described the development as

the first building in a new tough style which was as much a reaction against well-meaning vacuity as the Angry plays and novels. The fierce but not overbearing yellow brick and exposed concrete still make their protest straight.[12]

Langham House Close was listed Grade II in 1998 and reclassified Grade II* in 2006 following pressure from the Twentieth Century Society.[1][11]


  1. ^ a b c d e Historic England (22 December 1998). "1–18 Langham House Close (1033380)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  2. ^ Historic England (23 December 1998). "19–24 Langham House Close (1033381)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  3. ^ Historic England (22 December 1998). "25–30 Langham House Close (1051027)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  4. ^ Sturgis, Matthew (24 January 2004). "The century makers: 1958". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England (22 January 1976). "Langham House (1080830)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  6. ^ Historic England (10 January 1950). "Cassel Hospital (1080829)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  7. ^ Fison, Vanessa (2009). The Matchless Vale: the story of Ham and Petersham and their people. Ham and Petersham Association. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-9563244-0-5.
  8. ^ Pritchard, Evelyn (2007). Ham House and its owners through five centuries 1610–2006. Richmond Local History Society. pp. 63–65. ISBN 9781955071727.
  9. ^ "Langham House Close III: London TW10 | The Modern House". Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  10. ^ Baker, Geoffrey Howard (2011). The Architecture of James Stirling and His Partners James Gowan and Michael Wilford: A Study of Architectural Creativity in the Twentieth Century (illustrated ed.). Ashgate Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 9781409409267.
  11. ^ a b Branscome, Eva (3 May 2005). "Post-War par excellence". The Twentieth Century Society. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  12. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (21 June 2015). "James Gowan obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
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