List of Marvel Cinematic Universe films

series of American superhero films

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Marvel Cinematic Universe films
Marvel Cinematic Universe Infinity Saga artwork.jpeg
Artwork for "The Infinity Saga Collector's Edition" box set
Based onCharacters published
by Marvel Comics
Produced by
StarringSee below
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release date
2008–present
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
BudgetTotal (25 films):
$4.823–4.932 billion
Box officeTotal (25 films):
$23.389 billion

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films are a series of American superhero films produced by Marvel Studios based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The MCU is the shared universe in which all of the films are set. The films have been in production since 2007, and in that time Marvel Studios has produced and released 26 films, with at least 12 more in various stages of development. It is the highest-grossing film franchise of all time, having grossed over $23.3 billion at the global box office. This includes Avengers: Endgame, which became the highest-grossing film of all time upon release.

Kevin Feige has produced every film in the series, alongside Avi Arad for the first two releases, Gale Anne Hurd for The Incredible Hulk, Amy Pascal for the Spider-Man films, Stephen Broussard for Ant-Man and the Wasp, Jonathan Schwartz for Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings, Nate Moore for Eternals, and Brad Winderbaum for Thor: Love and Thunder. The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Many of the actors, including Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson, and Jeremy Renner signed contracts to star in numerous films.

Marvel Studios releases its films in groups called "Phases".[1][2] Their first film is Iron Man (2008), which was distributed by Paramount Pictures. Paramount also distributed Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011), and Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), while Universal Pictures distributed The Incredible Hulk (2008). Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures began distributing the series with the crossover film The Avengers (2012), which concluded Phase One. Phase Two comprises Iron Man 3 (2013), Thor: The Dark World (2013), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), and Ant-Man (2015).

Captain America: Civil War (2016) is the first film of Phase Three, and is followed by Doctor Strange (2016), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Thor: Ragnarok (2017), Black Panther (2018), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), Avengers: Endgame (2019), and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019). The first three phases are collectively known as "The Infinity Saga". The Spider-Man films are owned, financed, and distributed by Sony Pictures.

Phase Four's group of films began with Black Widow (2021), followed by Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings (2021), Eternals (2021), and will include Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness (2022), Thor: Love and Thunder (2022), Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (2022), The Marvels (2023), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 (2023), Ant-Man and the Wasp: Quantumania (2023), and Fantastic Four. The phase will feature these films, as well as twelve announced television event series and one special for the streaming service Disney+.[3] One unannounced film has been set for release in 2023, while four unannounced films have been set for release in 2024.

Development

Kevin Feige helped conceive of a shared media universe of Marvel properties.

By 2005, Marvel Entertainment had begun planning to produce its own films independently and distribute them through Paramount Pictures.[4] In June 2007, Marvel Studios raised secured funding from a seven-year, $525 million revolving credit facility with Merrill Lynch.[5] Marvel's plan was to release individual films for their main characters and then merge them in a crossover film.[6]

In November 2013, Marvel Studios head Kevin Feige said that "in an ideal world" releases each year would include one film based on an existing character and one featuring a new character, saying it's "a nice rhythm" in that format. While not always the case, as evident by the 2013 releases of Iron Man 3 and Thor: The Dark World, he said it is "certainly something to aim for".[7] Feige expanded on this in July 2014, saying, "I don't know that we'll keep to [that model] every year, but we're doing that in 2014 and 2015, so I think it would be fun to continue that sort of thing".[8] After the reveal of multiple release dates for films through 2019 in July 2014,[9] in which some had three films scheduled, Feige stated there was not "a number cruncher" telling the studio to increase their film output, but rather it was about "managing [existing] franchises, film to film, and when we have a team ready to go, why tell them to go away for four years just because we don't have a slot? We'd rather find a way to keep that going."[10] After the titles were revealed in October 2014,[11] Feige said, "The studio's firing on all cylinders right now ... which made us comfortable for the first time ... to increase to three films a year [in 2017 and 2018] instead of just two, without changing our methods."[12] On the potential for "superhero fatigue", Feige stated, though each of the films are based on the Marvel Comics and feature the "Marvel Studios" logo, he believed each film had their own distinctions to help differentiate them from other MCU and superhero films. For example, he noted how the 2016 releases of the studio, Captain America: Civil War and Doctor Strange, were "two completely different movies". The studio hoped to continue to surprise audience and ensure the studio was "not falling into things becoming too similar".[13]

In February 2014, Feige stated that Marvel Studios wants to mimic the "rhythm" that the comic books have developed, by having the characters appear in their own films, and then come together, much like "a big event or crossover series,"[14] with Avengers films acting as "big, giant linchpins".[15] On expanding the characters in the universe and letting individual films breathe and work on their own, as opposed to having Avenger team-ups outside of Avengers films, Feige stated, it is about "teaching the general movie-going audience about the notion of the characters existing separately, coming together for specific events and going away and existing separately in their own worlds again. Just like comic readers have been doing for decades and decades ... people sort of are accepting that there's just a time when they should be together and there's a time when they're not."[16]

In April 2016, on moving the universe to Phase Four and reflecting on the first three, Feige said, "I think there will be a finality to moments of Phase Three, as well as new beginnings that will mark a different, a very different, a distinctively different chapter in what will someday be a complete first saga made up of three phases." Frequent director Joe Russo added Phase Three was the "deconstruction phase" of the MCU, beginning with Captain America: Civil War (2016) leading into "the culmination films" of Avengers: Infinity War (2018) and Avengers: Endgame (2019).[17] A year later, Feige felt after the conclusion of Phase Three, Marvel might abandon grouping the films by phases, saying, "it might be a new thing".[18] Feige mentioned that Avengers: Endgame would provide "a definitive end" to the films and storylines preceding it, with the franchise having "two distinct periods. Everything before [Endgame] and everything after".[19]

In July 2019, Feige announced the Phase Four slate at San Diego Comic-Con, consisting of films and television event series on Disney+.[20] In December 2020, at Disney's Investor Day, Marvel Studios provided updates to previously announced films for the phase.[21][22]

On how much story is developed for future films of the universe, Feige said in September 2015 there are "broad strokes" though sometime "super-specific things". He continued that there was enough leeway to "have room to sway and to move and to go and to surprise ourselves in places that we end up" and that each film would feel satisfying on its own, but still interconnected to the larger universe and as if it had been planned years ahead of time. The studio also has various contingency plans for the direction of all of their films, in the event they are unable to secure a certain actor to reprise a role, or re-acquire the film rights to a character, such as was done in February 2015 with Spider-Man.[23]

Films

The Infinity Saga

The films from Phase One through Phase Three are collectively known as "The Infinity Saga".[24][25]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Phase One[2]
Iron Man May 2, 2008 Jon Favreau[26] Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway[26][27] Avi Arad and Kevin Feige
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 Louis Leterrier[28] Zak Penn[29] Avi Arad, Gale Anne Hurd
and Kevin Feige
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 Jon Favreau[30] Justin Theroux[31] Kevin Feige
Thor May 6, 2011 Kenneth Branagh[32] Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz and Don Payne[33]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 Joe Johnston[34] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[35]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 Joss Whedon[36]
Phase Two[2]
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 Shane Black[37] Drew Pearce and Shane Black[37][38] Kevin Feige
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 Alan Taylor[39] Christopher L. Yost and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[40]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 Anthony and Joe Russo[41] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[42]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 James Gunn[43] James Gunn and Nicole Perlman[44]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 Joss Whedon[45]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 Peyton Reed[46] Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd[47]
Phase Three[2]
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 Anthony and Joe Russo[48] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[48] Kevin Feige
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 Scott Derrickson[49] Jon Spaihts and Scott Derrickson & C. Robert Cargill[50]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 May 5, 2017 James Gunn[44]
Spider-Man: Homecoming July 7, 2017 Jon Watts[51] Jonathan Goldstein & John Francis Daley and
Jon Watts & Christopher Ford and
Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[52]
Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017 Taika Waititi[53] Eric Pearson and Craig Kyle & Christopher L. Yost[54][55] Kevin Feige
Black Panther February 16, 2018 Ryan Coogler[56] Ryan Coogler & Joe Robert Cole[57][58]
Avengers: Infinity War April 27, 2018 Anthony and Joe Russo[59] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[60]
Ant-Man and the Wasp July 6, 2018 Peyton Reed[61] Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers and
Paul Rudd & Andrew Barrer & Gabriel Ferrari[62]
Kevin Feige and
Stephen Broussard
Captain Marvel March 8, 2019 Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck[63] Anna Boden & Ryan Fleck & Geneva Robertson-Dworet[64] Kevin Feige
Avengers: Endgame April 26, 2019 Anthony and Joe Russo[59] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[60]
Spider-Man: Far From Home July 2, 2019 Jon Watts[65] Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[66] Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal

Phase Four

Phase Four also includes multiple series and a special streaming on Disney+.[3]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Black Widow July 9, 2021 (2021-07-09)[b] Cate Shortland[68] Eric Pearson[69] Kevin Feige
Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings September 3, 2021 (2021-09-03) Destin Daniel Cretton[70] Dave Callaham & Destin Daniel Cretton & Andrew Lanham[71] Kevin Feige and
Jonathan Schwartz
Eternals November 5, 2021 (2021-11-05)[72] Chloé Zhao[73] Chloé Zhao and Chloé Zhao & Patrick Burleigh
and Ryan Firpo & Kaz Firpo[74][75]
Kevin Feige
and Nate Moore

Upcoming

Film U.S. release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
Phase Four[3]
Spider-Man: No Way Home December 17, 2021 (2021-12-17)[76] Jon Watts[77] Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[78] Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal
Post-production
Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness May 6, 2022 (2022-05-06)[79] Sam Raimi[80] Jade Bartlett and Michael Waldron[81][82] Kevin Feige
Thor: Love and Thunder July 8, 2022 (2022-07-08)[79] Taika Waititi[83] Taika Waititi and Jennifer Kaytin Robinson[83][84] Kevin Feige and
Brad Winderbaum
Black Panther: Wakanda Forever November 11, 2022 (2022-11-11)[79] Ryan Coogler[85] Ryan Coogler & Joe Robert Cole[85][86] Kevin Feige Filming
The Marvels February 17, 2023 (2023-02-17)[79] Nia DaCosta[87] Megan McDonnell[88]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 May 5, 2023 (2023-05-05)[89] James Gunn[90] Pre-production
Ant-Man and the Wasp: Quantumania July 28, 2023 (2023-07-28)[79] Peyton Reed[91] Jeff Loveness[92] Filming
Fantastic Four TBA Jon Watts[93] TBA In development

Future

At any given time, Marvel Studios has future films planned five-to-six years out from what they have announced.[94] By April 2014, additional storylines were planned through 2028,[95] resulting in many planned films that were intentionally "completely different" from the films in The Infinity Saga.[19] Disney has scheduled additional release dates for unannounced Marvel Studios films on November 3, 2023,[79] as well as February 16, May 3, July 26, and November 8, 2024.[96]

Blade

By May 2013, Marvel Studios had a working script for a new Blade film after regaining the rights following New Line Cinema's prior film series.[97][98] In February 2019, Mahershala Ali approached Marvel Studios about starring in a new film after previously portraying Cornell "Cottonmouth" Stokes in Marvel Television's Luke Cage.[99] Kevin Feige officially announced the film with Ali in the title role at the July 2019 San Diego Comic-Con.[99][20] In February 2021, Stacy Osei-Kuffour was hired to write the film.[100] Bassam Tariq had been hired to direct by September 2021.[101][102] Filming is expected to begin in July 2022,[103] at Trilith Studios in Atlanta, Georgia.[104][better source needed] Blade will be released in a future MCU phase.[105]

Untitled Deadpool film

After the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney was announced in December 2017, Disney CEO Bob Iger said Ryan Reynolds would reprise his role as Wade Wilson / Deadpool from 20th Century Fox's R-rated X-Men films Deadpool (2016) and Deadpool 2 (2018) in the PG-13 rated MCU.[106][107] By December 2019, Reynolds confirmed a third Deadpool film was in development at Marvel Studios,[108] with Wendy Molyneux and Lizzie Molyneux-Logelin writing the film by November 2020,[109] when Reynolds' involvement and the film's R-rating were confirmed.[109][110] In January 2021, Feige confirmed the film's MCU setting.[110] Filming is expected to begin in 2022.[111][110]

Untitled Captain America sequel

By April 2021, a fourth Captain America film was in development, with a script co-written by Malcolm Spellman and Dalan Musson. The duo previously served as head writer and a staff writer, respectively, on the Disney+ series The Falcon and the Winter Soldier (2021).[112] Anthony Mackie joined by August 2021, to headline the film reprising his role as Sam Wilson / Captain America.[113]

Untitled mutant-centered film

At the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con, Feige announced Marvel Studios was developing a film for mutants, which include X-Men,[20][114] and said those terms are interchangeable and that the MCU depiction would differ from 20th Century Fox's film series.[115]

Recurring cast and characters

List indicator(s)

This section includes characters who will appear or have appeared in films in multiple phases within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and have appeared in the billing block for at least three of them (see FAQ).

  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film, or that the character's presence has not yet been confirmed.
  • C indicates an uncredited cameo role.
  • P indicates an appearance in onscreen photographs.
  • V indicates a voice-only role.
Character Phase One Phase Two Phase Three Phase Four
Bruce Banner
Hulk
Edward Norton[116]
Lou FerrignoV[116]
Mark Ruffalo[117]
Mark Ruffalo[118][119] Mark RuffaloC[120]
James "Bucky" Barnes
Winter Soldier / White Wolf
Sebastian Stan[121][122][123]
Clint Barton
Hawkeye
Jeremy Renner[124][125][126] Jeremy RennerC P V[127]
Peggy Carter Hayley Atwell[121][128][129]
Carol Danvers
Captain Marvel
Brie Larson[130][131]
Drax the Destroyer Dave Bautista[132][133][134]
Jane Foster Natalie Portman[135][136][137][138]
Nick Fury Samuel L. Jackson[139][41][140]
Gamora Zoe Saldana[141][133][134]
Groot Vin DieselV[142][143][134]
Heimdall Idris Elba[135][144][145]
Maria Hill Cobie Smulders[146][147][148]
Happy Hogan Jon Favreau[149][150][151]
Scott Lang
Ant-Man
Paul Rudd[152][153][154]
Ned Leeds Jacob Batalon[155][156]
Loki Tom Hiddleston[157][158][159]
Mantis Pom Klementieff[160][161]
Wanda Maximoff Elizabeth Olsen[162][163][164]
Michelle "MJ" Zendaya[165][166]
Nebula Karen Gillan[43][167][168]
Odin Anthony Hopkins[169][170][171]
Okoye Danai Gurira[172][173]
May Parker Marisa Tomei[174][77]
Peter Parker
Spider-Man
Max Favreau[c] Tom Holland[176][177]
Pepper Potts Gwyneth Paltrow[178][179][180]
Hank Pym Michael Douglas[181][182][154]
Peter Quill
Star-Lord
Chris Pratt[183][184][185]
James "Rhodey" Rhodes
War Machine / Iron Patriot
Terrence Howard[178]
Don Cheadle[186]
Don Cheadle[179][153]
Rocket Bradley CooperV[187][188][134]
Steve Rogers
Captain America
Chris Evans[189][190][191]
Natasha Romanoff
Black Widow
Scarlett Johansson[124][192][193][134]
Everett K. Ross Martin Freeman[194][195]
Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross William Hurt[116] William Hurt[153][196]
Erik Selvig Stellan Skarsgård[197][198]
Shuri Letitia Wright[199][200]
Sif Jaimie Alexander[201][202] Jaimie Alexander[203]
Tony Stark
Iron Man
Robert Downey Jr.[204][205]
Stephen Strange Benedict Cumberbatch[206][207]
Thor Chris Hemsworth[208][209][210][211]
Hope van Dyne
Wasp
Evangeline Lilly[212][213][154]
Vision
J.A.R.V.I.S.
Paul Bettany[214][215][153]
Sam Wilson
Falcon
Anthony Mackie[122][216]
Wong Benedict Wong[217][218]

Release

Theatrical distribution

Over time, the distribution rights to Marvel Studios' films changed hands on multiple occasions. In November 2006, Universal Pictures announced that it would distribute The Incredible Hulk (2008),[219] in an arrangement separate from Marvel's 2005 deal with Paramount, which was distributing Marvel's other films.[4] In September 2008, after the international success of Iron Man (2008), Paramount signed a deal to have worldwide distribution rights for Iron Man 2 (2010), Iron Man 3 (2013), Thor (2011), Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), and The Avengers (2012).[220]

In late December 2009, The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion. Additionally, in October 2010, Walt Disney Studios bought the distribution rights for The Avengers and Iron Man 3 from Paramount Pictures,[221] with Paramount's logo remaining on the films, as well as for promotional material and merchandise,[222][223] although Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures is the only studio credited at the end of these films.[224] Disney has distributed all subsequent Marvel Studios films.[225] In July 2013, Disney purchased the distribution rights to Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger from Paramount.[226] The Incredible Hulk was not part of the deal, due to an agreement between Marvel and Universal, where Marvel owns the film rights and Universal owns the distribution rights, for this film as well as the right of first refusal to distribute future Hulk films.[227] According to The Hollywood Reporter, a potential reason why Marvel has not bought the film distribution rights to the Hulk as they did with Paramount for the Iron Man, Thor, and Captain America films is because Universal holds the theme park rights to several Marvel characters that Disney wants for its own theme parks.[228]

Spider-Man films

In February 2015, Sony Pictures Entertainment and Marvel Studios announced a licensing deal that would allow Spider-Man to appear in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with the character first appearing in Captain America: Civil War.[229][230] Marvel Studios explored opportunities to integrate other characters of the Marvel Cinematic Universe into future Spider-Man films financed, distributed, and controlled by Sony Pictures,[229] with Robert Downey Jr. the first confirmed to reprise his role as Tony Stark / Iron Man in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017).[231] In June 2015, Feige clarified that the initial Sony deal does not apply to the MCU television series, as it was "very specific ... with a certain amount of back and forth allowed".[232] Both studios have the ability to terminate the agreement at any point, and no money was exchanged with the deal. However, a small adjustment was made to a 2011 deal formed between the two studios (where Marvel gained full control of Spider-Man's merchandising rights, in exchange for making a one-time payment of $175 million to Sony and paying up to $35 million for each future Spider-Man film, and forgoing receiving their previous 5% of any Spider-Man film's revenue), with Marvel getting to reduce their $35 million payment to Sony if Spider-Man: Homecoming grossed more than $750 million.[233] Marvel Studios still received 5% of first dollar gross for the film.[234] Sony also paid Marvel Studios an undisclosed producer fee for Homecoming.[235]

In August 2019, it was reported that Disney and Sony could not reach a new agreement regarding Spider-Man films, with Marvel Studios and Feige said to no longer have any involvement in future films. Deadline Hollywood noted that Disney had hoped future films would be a "50/50 co-financing arrangement between the studios", with the possibility to extend the deal to other Spider-Man-related films, an offer Sony rejected and did not counter. Instead, Sony hoped to keep the terms of the previous agreement (Marvel receiving 5% of the film's first dollar gross), with Disney refusing.[234] The Hollywood Reporter added that the lack of a new agreement would see the end of Holland's Spider-Man in the MCU.[236] Variety cited unnamed sources claiming negotiations had "hit an impasse" and that a new deal could still be reached.[237] In September 2019, it was announced that Disney and Sony had reached a new agreement allowing for Spider-Man to appear in Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021) as the third film co-produced by Marvel Studios and Sony Pictures and a future Marvel Studios film.[177] Disney was reported to be co-financing 25% of the film in exchange for 25% of the film's profits in the new agreement, while retaining the merchandising rights to the character.[177][238]

Home media

Physical

In June 2012, Marvel announced a 10-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase One – Avengers Assembled", for release on September 25, 2012. The box set includes all six of the Phase One films—Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and The Avengers—on Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D, in a replica of Nick Fury's briefcase from The Avengers.[239] In August 2012, luggage company Rimowa GmbH, who developed the briefcase for The Avengers, filed suit against Marvel Studios and Buena Vista Home Entertainment in U.S. federal court, complaining that "Marvel did not obtain any license or authorization from Rimowa to make replica copies of the cases for any purpose."[240] The set was delayed to early 2013 for the packaging to be redesigned.[241] The box set, with a redesigned case, was released on April 2, 2013. In addition, the box set included a featurette on the then-upcoming Phase Two films, showing footage and concept art, as well as previously unreleased deleted scenes from all of the Phase One films.[242]

In July 2015, Marvel announced a 13-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase Two Collection", for release on December 8, 2015, exclusive to Amazon.com. The box set includes all six of the Phase Two films—Iron Man 3, Thor: The Dark World, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, Avengers: Age of Ultron, and Ant-Man—on Blu-ray, Blu-ray 3D and a digital copy, in a replica of the Orb from Guardians of the Galaxy, plus a bonus disc and exclusive memorabilia. Material on the bonus disc includes all of the Marvel One-Shots with commentary, deleted scenes and pre-production creative features for each of the films, featurettes on the making of the post-credit scenes for the films, and first looks at Captain America: Civil War, Doctor Strange, and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.[243][244]

In September 2019, Feige indicated a box set with all 23 films of The Infinity Saga would be released, with the set including previously unreleased deleted scenes and other footage, such as an alternate take of the Nick Fury post-credits scene from Iron Man which references Spider-Man, the Hulk, and the X-Men.[245] The box set, featuring all 23 films on Ultra HD Blu-ray and Blu-ray, a bonus disc, a letter from Feige, and a lithograph art piece by Matt Ferguson, was released on November 15, 2019, exclusively at Best Buy.[246]

Streaming and cable

In March 2008, Marvel Studios presold the US cable broadcast rights to FX for five of their film, including Iron Man and The Incredible Hulk, for four years.[247] FX also acquired the rights to Iron Man 3 in May 2013.[248] In September 2014, TNT acquired the US cable broadcast rights to five Marvel Studios films, beginning with Avengers: Age of Ultron, for broadcast two years after their theatrical release.[249]

Every Marvel Studios release from January 2016 to December 2018 was available on Netflix.[250] Captain Marvel was the first Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures-distributed film not to stream on Netflix, after Disney let their licensing deal with them expire. It became the first theatrical Disney release to stream exclusively on Disney+, which launched on November 12, 2019.[251][252] Bloomberg News reported that the films part of Disney's agreement with Netflix would return to Netflix starting in 2026, while being removed from Disney+.[250]

In April 2021, Sony signed a deal with Disney for its theatrical releases from 2022 to 2026 to stream on Disney+ and Hulu and appear on Disney's linear television networks for their "pay 2 window". As well, Sony's legacy content, including past Spider-Man films and Marvel content in Sony's Spider-Man Universe (SSU), would be able to be streamed on Disney+ and Hulu. Disney's access to Sony's titles would come following their availability on Netflix for their "pay 1 window". Homecoming and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019) had previously been available on Starz and FX.[253][254]

IMAX 10th anniversary festival

From August 30 to September 6, 2018, in conjunction with Marvel Studios' 10 year anniversary celebrations, all 20 films released at the time (Iron Man through Ant-Man and the Wasp) were screened in IMAX. The films were shown in release order, with four films per day. The final days of the festival were theme related, with one showing "origin" films (Iron Man, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Black Panther, and Doctor Strange), one showing "team-ups" (Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Captain America: Civil War, The Avengers, and Avengers: Infinity War),[255][256] and the final day showing Iron Man and The Avengers as chosen by the fans via a Twitter poll.[257] The festival also saw Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, and Captain America: The First Avenger released in IMAX for the first time.[255][256]

Reception

Box office performance

The Marvel Cinematic Universe is the highest-grossing film franchise of all time worldwide, both unadjusted and adjusted-for-inflation, having grossed over $23.3 billion at the global box office. Several of its sub series such as the Avengers, Iron Man, Captain America, and Thor film series are among the most successful film series of all time.[258] From July 2019 to March 2021,[259] Avengers: Endgame was the highest-grossing film of all time.[260]

Film U.S. release date Box office gross All-time ranking Budget Ref(s)
U.S. and Canada Other territories Worldwide U.S. and Canada Worldwide
Phase One
Iron Man May 2, 2008 $319,034,126 $266,762,121 $585,796,247 74 170 $140 million [261]
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 $134,806,913 $129,964,083 $264,770,996 454 573 $150 million [262]
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 $312,433,331 $311,500,000 $623,933,331 80 151 $200 million [263]
Thor May 6, 2011 $181,030,624 $268,295,994 $449,326,618 257 256 $150 million [264]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 $176,654,505 $193,915,269 $370,569,774 273 348 $140 million [265]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 $623,357,910 $895,457,605 $1,518,815,515 8 8 $220 million [266]
Phase Two
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 $409,013,994 $805,797,258 $1,214,811,252 32 20 $178.4 million [267][268]
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 $206,362,140 $438,421,000 $644,783,140 204 144 $152.7 million [269][268]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 $259,766,572 $454,654,931 $714,421,503 119 117 $177 million [270][271]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 $333,718,600 $439,631,547 $773,350,147 66 101 $195.9 million [272][273]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 $459,005,868 $943,800,000 $1,402,805,868 20 11 $365.5 million [274][275]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 $180,202,163 $339,109,802 $519,311,965 259 212 $109.3 million [276][275]
Phase Three
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 $408,084,349 $745,211,944 $1,153,296,293 33 22 $230 million [277][278]
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 $232,641,920 $445,076,475 $677,718,395 154 131 $165 million [279][280]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 May 5, 2017 $389,813,101 $473,942,950 $863,756,051 41 75 $200 million [281]
Spider-Man: Homecoming July 7, 2017 $334,201,140 $545,965,784 $880,166,924 64 68 $175 million [282]
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017 $315,058,289 $538,918,837 $853,977,126 79 78 $180 million [283]
Black Panther February 16, 2018 $700,426,566 $646,853,595 $1,347,280,161 4 13 $200 million [284][285]
Avengers: Infinity War April 27, 2018 $678,815,482 $1,369,544,272 $2,048,359,754 5 5 $325–400 million [286][287][288]
Ant-Man and the Wasp July 6, 2018 $216,648,740 $406,025,399 $622,674,139 181 153 $162 million [289][290]
Captain Marvel March 8, 2019 $426,829,839 $701,445,424 $1,128,275,263 25 26 $150–175 million [291][292]
Avengers: Endgame April 26, 2019 $858,373,000 $1,939,427,564 $2,797,800,564 2 2 $356–400 million [293][294]
Spider-Man: Far From Home July 2, 2019 $390,532,085 $741,395,911 $1,131,927,996 40 25 $160 million [295]
Phase Four
Black Widow July 9, 2021 $183,651,655 $195,979,696 $379,631,351[d] 250 340 $200 million [299][300]
Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings September 3, 2021 $220,993,337 $200,845,526 $421,838,863 168 293 $150 million [301]
Total $8,951,456,249 $14,437,940,460 $23,389,396,709 1 1 $4.823–4.932 billion [302]
[258]

Critical and public response

Film Critical Public
Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore[303]
Phase One
Iron Man 94% (281 reviews)[304] 79 (38 reviews)[305] A
The Incredible Hulk 67% (238 reviews)[306] 61 (38 reviews)[307] A−
Iron Man 2 72% (304 reviews)[308] 57 (40 reviews)[309] A
Thor 77% (291 reviews)[310] 57 (40 reviews)[311] B+
Captain America: The First Avenger 80% (274 reviews)[312] 66 (43 reviews)[313] A−
Marvel's The Avengers 91% (362 reviews)[314] 69 (43 reviews)[315] A+
Phase Two
Iron Man 3 79% (329 reviews)[316] 62 (44 reviews)[317] A
Thor: The Dark World 66% (285 reviews)[318] 54 (44 reviews)[319] A−
Captain America: The Winter Soldier 90% (306 reviews)[320] 70 (48 reviews)[321] A
Guardians of the Galaxy 92% (334 reviews)[322] 76 (53 reviews)[323] A
Avengers: Age of Ultron 76% (375 reviews)[324] 66 (49 reviews)[325] A
Ant-Man 83% (336 reviews)[326] 64 (44 reviews)[327] A
Phase Three
Captain America: Civil War 90% (426 reviews)[328] 75 (53 reviews)[329] A
Doctor Strange 89% (385 reviews)[330] 72 (49 reviews)[331] A
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 85% (422 reviews)[332] 67 (48 reviews)[333] A
Spider-Man: Homecoming 92% (394 reviews)[334] 73 (51 reviews)[335] A
Thor: Ragnarok 93% (436 reviews)[336] 74 (51 reviews)[337] A
Black Panther 96% (525 reviews)[338] 88 (55 reviews)[339] A+
Avengers: Infinity War 85% (485 reviews)[340] 68 (54 reviews)[341] A
Ant-Man and the Wasp 87% (438 reviews)[342] 70 (56 reviews)[343] A−
Captain Marvel 79% (543 reviews)[344] 64 (56 reviews)[345] A
Avengers: Endgame 94% (547 reviews)[346] 78 (57 reviews)[347] A+
Spider-Man: Far From Home 90% (451 reviews)[348] 69 (55 reviews)[349] A
Phase Four
Black Widow 79% (434 reviews)[350] 67 (57 reviews)[351] A−
Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings 92% (313 reviews)[352] 71 (52 reviews)[353] A
Eternals 72% (68 reviews)[354] 57 (28 reviews)[355]

Repurposed projects

These projects were in development as films from Marvel Studios before becoming television series under Marvel Television:

  • Inhumans: In April 2013, Feige mentioned the Inhumans as a property out of which he was "confident" a film would be made.[356] Inhumans as a concept would first be introduced to the MCU in 2014 through the second season of the television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.[357] By August 2014, the studio was ready to move forward in development with the film, with a screenplay written by Joe Robert Cole.[358] In October 2014, the film was announced for Phase Three[11] and scheduled for release July 2019.[359] By October 2015, Cole was no longer involved with the film and any potential drafts that he may have written would not be used.[360] In April 2016, Inhumans was removed from the release schedule,[361] and would no longer be a part of Phase Three.[362] In July 2016, Feige said Inhumans would "certainly" be a part of the discussion regarding the film ideas for 2020 and 2021,[363] adding the following November that he was still optimistic the film could be released in Phase Four.[364] In November 2016, Marvel Television announced the series Marvel's Inhumans, which premiered on ABC in September 2017, after the first two episodes were screened in IMAX.[365] The series was not intended to be a reworking of the film.[366] ABC canceled Inhumans after one season in May 2018.[367]
  • Runaways: A film based on the Runaways went through a number of iterations. Brian K. Vaughan was originally hired to write a screenplay based on the property in May 2008.[368] In April 2010, Marvel hired Peter Sollett to direct the film,[369] and Drew Pearce was hired to write a script in May.[370] The following October, development on the film was put on hold,[371] with Pearce revealing in September 2013 that the Runaways film had been shelved in favor of The Avengers, with the earliest it could release being Phase Three.[372] In October 2014, after announcing all of Marvel's Phase Three films without Runaways, Feige stated the project was "still an awesome script that exists in our script vault", adding, "We'd love to do something with Runaways some day. In our television and future film discussions, it's always one that we talk about, because we have a solid draft there. But again, we can't make them all."[12] In August 2016, Marvel Television announced Marvel's Runaways from the streaming service Hulu,[373] with the series receiving a full season order in May 2017.[374] It premiered in November 2017.[375] Hulu announced in November 2019 that the third season of Runaways would be its last.[376]

Sony's Spider-Man Universe connections

Following Marvel Studios and Sony Pictures' September 2019 agreement, Feige noted that as Sony continued to separately build their own shared universe, Sony's Spider-Man Universe (SSU), it was possible the MCU version of Spider-Man could appear in that universe.[177] This interaction was said to be "a 'call and answer' between the two franchises as they acknowledge details between the two in what [...] would loosely be described as a shared detailed universe".[238] In October 2020, Jamie Foxx was cast to reprise his role as Electro from The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014) in No Way Home,[156] and that December, Alfred Molina was set to reprise his role as Otto Octavius / Doctor Octopus from Sony's Spider-Man 2 (2004).[377] By then, Collider reported that Andrew Garfield would return as his Peter Parker / Spider-Man from Marc Webb's The Amazing Spider-Man films along with Kirsten Dunst as Mary Jane Watson from Sam Raimi's Spider-Man film trilogy, and that Tobey Maguire was in talks to return as his Peter Parker / Spider-Man from the latter films and Emma Stone was also expected to return as Gwen Stacy from the Webb films.[378]

In May 2021, Adam B. Vary of Variety called the connections between the two universes "especially perplexing" citing both the fact that if Holland were to appear in a SSU film it would retroactively make any previous SSU films part of the MCU, and how a teaser trailer for Morbius (2022) had highlighted Michael Keaton, who previously played Adrian Toomes / Vulture in Spider-Man: Homecoming. Responding to some of the confusion and frustration from fans regarding the relationship between the SSU and the MCU, Sony Pictures Group President Sanford Panitch stated there was a plan to clarify this and he believed it was already "getting a little more clear for people [as to] where we're headed" at that time after Sony had announced Kraven the Hunter (2023) as the next installment of the SSU. He added that No Way Home would help reveal more of this plan, with Vary commenting that the perceived notion of No Way Home introducing multiverse elements was believed to be what would allow Holland to make appearances in both the MCU and the SSU. Panitch also said there was a "very excellent relationship" between Sony and Feige, with "lots of opportunities" to continue working together.[379] The following month, Feige said he would not "rule anything out completely" in terms of additional Sony-controlled characters appearing in Marvel Studios films.[86]

By August 2021, Keaton was confirmed to be reprising his role as Toomes in Morbius.[380] In the mid-credits scene for Sony's Venom: Let There Be Carnage (2021), Eddie Brock / Venom (Tom Hardy) is transported from their hotel room to another room by a blinding light, in which J. Jonah Jameson (J. K. Simmons) is seen exposing Spider-Man's (Tom Holland) identity on television, as seen in Spider-Man: Far From Home.[381] Feige noted there was "a lot of coordination" between the Let There Be Carnage and No Way Home teams to work on the Let There Be Carnage mid-credits scene, and that the full extent of the coordination had yet to be revealed.[382] Many commentators believed this scene was an indication that Hardy would appear as Brock / Venom in No Way Home,[383][384][385] with some suggesting it was because of the actions of Doctor Strange assisting Parker that opens the multiverse.[383][386][385] It was also believed that further information regarding the nature of the connectedness between the two universes would also be revealed in that film.[384][386] Vary stated, "The implications of the scene appear to be even more far-reaching, fundamentally changing how fans should think about Spider-Man, the MCU, and Sony's upcoming slate of Marvel comics adaptations."[383] Graeme McMillan of The Hollywood Reporter said the scene presented "chaotic possibilities... without any real clue of where things are headed as a result", speculating on multiple different scenarios of how the character entered the MCU and if it was a temporary or permanent crossover.[385] Writing for io9, Germain Lussier felt while it was possible Hardy could appear in No Way Home, he felt Sony would not want to "waste a showdown with Venom as only a part of a movie" and believed it was more likely Venom made an appearance alongside Holland's Spider-Man in another future film.[387]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Feige has produced every MCU film, with some films having additional producers. See the tables in § Films for more information.
  2. ^ Black Widow was released concurrently on Disney+ with Premier Access.[67]
  3. ^ In June 2017, Holland, Watts, and Feige stated that the child (played by Max Favreau) whom Tony Stark saves from a drone in Iron Man 2 is Peter Parker.[175]
  4. ^ Disney announced that Black Widow also earned $67 million globally from Disney+ Premier Access in its opening weekend.[296][297][298]

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External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - List of Marvel Cinematic Universe films