|Awarded by |
Government of India
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Varg" (Class II)|
|Next (higher)||Padma Vibhushan|
|Next (lower)||Padma Shri|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The names of recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which processes require the authority of the president, are archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register; none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2000–2009 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Varg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]
A total of 291 awards were presented in the 2000s – twenty awards were presented in 2000, followed by thirty-two in 2001, twenty-five in 2002, thirty-two in 2003, nineteen in 2004, thirty in 2005, thirty-seven in 2006, thirty-two in 2007, thirty-five in 2008, and thirty-one in 2009. The Padma Bhushan in the 2000s was also conferred upon 37 foreign recipients – eighteen from the United States, five each from Russia and the United Kingdom, three from Japan, two from France, and one each from China, the Czech Republic, Germany, and South Africa. Individuals from ten different fields were awarded, which includes sixty-nine artists, sixty from literature and education, forty-three from science and engineering, twenty-seven from trade and industry, twenty-six from medicine, twenty-two from public affairs, eighteen from social work, twelve from civil services, ten from other fields, and four sportspersons.
In 2003, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) volunteer Dattopant Thengadi refused to accept the award until RSS founder K. B. Hedgewar RSS ideologue M. S. Golwalkar had been offered the Bharat Ratna. Historian Romila Thapar, who had earlier refused the award in 1992, did so again in 2005. In a letter she wrote to the then President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, she mentioned that she had refused the award when the Ministry of Human Resource Development contacted her. However, she stated she was surprised to see her name in the list of awardees. Civil servant S. R. Sankaran also refused to accept the award in 2005 without citing any reason.
# Indicates a posthumous honour
|2000||Vasudev Kalkunte Aatre||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2000||Anil Kumar Agarwal||Others||Delhi|
|2000||Ram Narain Agarwal||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|2000||Sharan Rani Backliwal||Arts||Delhi|
|2000||Kalyan Dev||Social Work||Uttar Pradesh|
|2000||Veerendra Heggade||Social Work||Karnataka|
|2000||Pavaguda V. Indiresan||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2000||Wahiduddin Khan||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2000||B. B. Lal||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2000||Raghunath Anant Mashelkar||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2000||H. Y. Sharada Prasad||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2000||Begum Aizaz Rasul||Social Work||Uttar Pradesh|
|2000||Pakkiriswamy Chandra Sekharan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2000||Karamshi Jethabhai Somaiya[i]#||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2000||S. Srinivasan[ii]#||Science & Engineering||Kerala|
|2000||Ratan Tata||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2000||Harbans Singh Wasir||Medicine||Haryana|
|2001||Viswanathan Anand||Sports||Tamil Nadu|
|2001||Rahul Bajaj||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2001||B. R. Barwale||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2001||Balasaheb Bharde||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2001||Boyi Bhimanna||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|2001||Swadesh Chatterjee||Public Affairs||—[A]|
|2001||Baldev Raj Chopra||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2001||Ashok Desai||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2001||Karimpumannil Mathai George||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2001||Lalgudi Jayaraman||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2001||Shiv K. Kumar||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|2001||Arun Netravali||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|2001||Mohan Singh Oberoi||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2001||Rajendra K. Pachauri||Others||Delhi|
|2001||Abdul Karim Parekh||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2001||Amrita Patel||Trade & Industry||Gujarat|
|2001||Aroon Purie||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2001||Bhupathiraju Vissam Raju||Trade & Industry||Andhra Pradesh|
|2001||Bhanumathi Ramakrishna||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2001||Sundaram Ramakrishnan||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2001||Chitranjan Singh Ranawat||Medicine||—[A]|
|2001||Palle Rama Rao||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|2001||Raj Reddy||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|2001||Kum Uma Sharma||Arts||Delhi|
|2001||Naresh Kumar Trehan||Medicine||Delhi|
|2002||Gary Ackerman||Public Affairs||—[A]|
|2002||H. P. S. Ahluwalia||Social Work||Delhi|
|2002||Sushantha Kumar Bhattacharyya||Public Affairs||—[B]|
|2002||Eugene Chelyshev||Literature & Education||—[C]|
|2002||Pravinchandra Varjivan Gandhi||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2002||Henning Holck-Larsen||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2002||B. K. S. Iyengar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2002||Faquir Chand Kohli||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2002||V. C. Kulandaiswamy||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|2002||Gury Marchuk||Science & Engineering||—[C]|
|2002||Jagat Singh Mehta||Civil Service||Rajasthan|
|2002||Mario Miranda||Literature & Education||Goa|
|2002||Frank Pallone||Public Affairs||—[A]|
|2002||Ramanujam Varatharaja Perumal||Science & Engineering||Kerala|
|2002||Natesan Rangabashyam||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|2002||Maharaja Krishna Rasgotra||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2002||Habib Tanvir||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|2002||Kottayan Katankot Venugopal||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2002||Nirmal Verma||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2002||K. J. Yesudas||Arts||Kerala|
|2003||Ammannur Madhava Chakyar||Arts||Kerala|
|2003||Herbert Fischer||Public Affairs||—[D]|
|2003||Jamshyd Godrej||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2003||Parasaran Kesava Iyengar||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2003||B. Rajam Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Shri Krishna Joshi||Science & Engineering||Haryana|
|2003||Madurai N. Krishnan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Rajinder Kumar||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2003||Purshotam Lal||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|2003||Sitakant Mahapatra||Literature & Education||Odisha|
|2003||Bagicha Singh Minhas||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2003||Subhash Mukhopadhyay||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|2003||P. S. Narayanaswamy||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Arcot Ramachandran||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2003||Trichur V. Ramachandran||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2003||T. V. Sankaranarayanan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||T. V. R. Shenoy||Others||Delhi|
|2003||Ram Badan Singh||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2003||Hari Shankar Singhania||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2003||Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Narayanan Srinivasan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||Padma Subrahmanyam||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2003||O. V. Vijayan||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2003||Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov||Science & Engineering||—[C]|
|2004||Soumitra Chatterjee||Arts||West Bengal|
|2004||Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|2004||Sardara Singh Johl||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|2004||Madhav Vittal Kamath||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2004||Thoppil Varghese Antony||Civil service||Tamil Nadu|
|2004||Yoshiro Mori||Public Affairs||—[E]|
|2004||Gopi Chand Narang||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2004||Govindarajan Padmanaban||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2004||Poornima Arvind Pakvasa||Social Work||Gujarat|
|2004||Vishnu Prabhakar||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2004||N. Rajam||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|2004||Chennamaneni Hanumantha Rao||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|2004||Thiruvengadam Lakshman Sankar||Civil Service||Andhra Pradesh|
|2004||T. N. Seshagopalan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2004||Bijoy Nandan Shahi||Medicine||Delhi|
|2004||Krishna Srinivas||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|2004||Alarmel Valli||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2005||Sardar Anjum||Literature & Education||Haryana|
|2005||Andre Beteille||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2005||Chandi Prasad Bhatt||Others||Uttarakhand|
|2005||Mrinal Datta Chaudhuri||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2005||Irfan Habib||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|2005||Qurratulain Hyder||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|2005||Tarlochan Singh Kler||Medicine||Delhi|
|2005||Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2005||Mrinal Miri||Literature & Education||Meghalaya|
|2005||Brijmohan Lall Munjal||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2005||M. T. Vasudevan Nair||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2005||Azim Premji||Trade & Industry||Karnataka|
|2005||Balraj Puri||Literature & Education||Jammu & Kashmir|
|2005||Syed Mir Qasim[iii]#||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2005||G. V. Iyer Ramakrishna||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|2005||V. S. Ramamurthy||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2005||K. I. Varaprasad Reddy||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|2005||K. Srinath Reddy||Medicine||Delhi|
|2005||Tumkur Ramaiya Satishchandran||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|2005||Girish Chandra Saxena||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2005||Narasimhiah Seshagiri||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2005||William Mark Tully||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2006||Jaiveer Agarwal||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|2006||P. S. Appu||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|2006||Shashi Bhushan||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2006||Ganga Prasad Birla||Social Work||West Bengal|
|2006||Grigory Bongard-Levin||Literature & Education||—[C]|
|2006||Lokesh Chandra||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2006||Dinesh Nandini Dalmia||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2006||Tarun Das||Trade & Industry||Haryana|
|2006||Madhav Gadgil||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2006||A. K. Hangal||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2006||Devaki Jain||Social Work||Karnataka|
|2006||Kamleshwar||Literature & Education||Haryana|
|2006||Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2006||Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|2006||Gunter Kruger[iv]#||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2006||P. Leela[v]#||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2006||K. P. P. Nambiar||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2006||Nandan Nilekani||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|2006||Deepak Parekh||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2006||M. V. Pylee||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2006||Subramaniam Ramadorai||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2006||N. S. Ramaswamy||Social Work||Karnataka|
|2006||Pavani Parameswara Rao||Public Affairs||Uttar Pradesh|
|2006||Ramakanta Rath||Literature & Education||Odisha|
|2006||V. Shanta||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|2006||Hira Lall Sibal||Public Affairs||Chandigarh|
|2006||Billy Arjan Singh||Others||Uttar Pradesh|
|2006||K. G. Subramanyan||Arts||Gujarat|
|2006||K. K. Talwar||Medicine||Chandigarh|
|2006||Vijay Shankar Vyas||Literature & Education||Rajasthan|
|2006||Dušan Zbavitel||Literature & Education||—[F]|
|2007||Javed Akhtar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|2007||Gabriel Chiramel||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2007||Ela Gandhi||Public Affairs||—[G]|
|2007||Saroj Ghose||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|2007||V. Mohini Giri||Social Work||Delhi|
|2007||Somnath Hore[vi]#||Arts||West Bengal|
|2007||Jamshed Jiji Irani||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2007||Gurcharan Singh Kalkat||Science & Engineering||Chandigarh|
|2007||N. Mahalingam||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|2007||Prithipal Singh Maini||Medicine||Delhi|
|2007||Sunil Mittal||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2007||Gopaldas Neeraj||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|2007||Indra Nooyi||Trade & Industry||—[A]|
|2007||Kavalam Narayana Panicker||Arts||Kerala|
|2007||Bhikhu Parekh||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2007||Syed Mohammad Sharfuddin Quadri||Medicine||West Bengal|
|2007||Vilayanur S. Ramachandran||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|2007||Tapan Raychaudhuri||Literature & Education||—[B]|
|2007||Syed Haider Raza||Arts||—[H]|
|2007||Jeffrey Sachs||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2007||Chandra Prasad Saikia[vii]#||Literature & Education||Assam|
|2007||L. Z. Sailo||Literature & Education||Mizoram|
|2007||Shiv Kumar Sarin||Medicine||Delhi|
|2007||Manju Sharma||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2007||T. N. Srinivasan||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2007||Osamu Suzuki||Trade & Industry||—[E]|
|2007||K. T. Thomas||Public Affairs||Kerala|
|2008||Mian Bashir Ahmed||Public Affairs||Jammu & Kashmir|
|2008||Kaushik Basu||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2008||Shayama Chona||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2008||Jagjit Singh Chopra||Medicine||Chandigarh|
|2008||Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar||Arts||Delhi|
|2008||Chandrashekhar Dasgupta||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2008||Asis Datta||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2008||Meghnad Desai||Public Affairs||—[B]|
|2008||Padma Desai||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2008||Sukh Dev||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2008||Nirmal Kumar Ganguly||Medicine||Delhi|
|2008||B. N. Goswamy||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|2008||Vasant Gowarikar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|2008||Baba Kalyani||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2008||K. V. Kamath||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2008||Inderjit Kaur Barthakur||Social Work||Punjab|
|2008||Ravindra Kelekar||Literature & Education||Goa|
|2008||Asad Ali Khan||Arts||Delhi|
|2008||Dominique Lapierre||Social Work||—[H]|
|2008||D. R. Mehta||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|2008||Shiv Nadar||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|2008||Suresh Kumar Neotia||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|2008||T. K. Oommen||Literature & Education||Haryana|
|2008||K. Padmanabhaiah||Civil Service||Delhi|
|2008||Vikram Pandit||Trade & Industry||—[A]|
|2008||V. Ramachandran||Civil Service||Kerala|
|2008||Sushil Kumar Saxena||Arts||Delhi|
|2008||Sri Lal Sukla||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|2008||P. Susheela||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2008||S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2008||Yuli Vorontsov[ix]#||Public Affairs||—[C]|
|2008||Ji Xianlin||Literature & Education||—[I]|
|2009||Isher Judge Ahluwalia||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2009||Inderjit Kaur Barthakur||Public Affairs||Meghalaya|
|2009||Shanta Dhananjayan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2009||V. P. Dhananjayan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2009||Ramachandra Guha||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|2009||Shekhar Gupta||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2009||Minoru Hara||Literature & Education||—[E]|
|2009||Jayakanthan||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|2009||Thomas Kailath||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|2009||Sarvagya Singh Katiyar||Science & Engineering||Uttar Pradesh|
|2009||G. Krishna||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|2009||R. C. Mehta||Arts||Gujarat|
|2009||A. Sreedhara Menon||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|2009||S. K. Misra||Civil Service||Haryana|
|2009||A. M. Naik||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|2009||Kunwar Narayan||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|2009||Nagnath Naikwadi||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|2009||Kirit Parikh||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|2009||Sam Pitroda||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2009||C. K. Prahalad||Literature & Education||—[A]|
|2009||Gurdip Singh Randhawa||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|2009||Brijendra Kumar Rao||Medicine||Delhi|
|2009||Bhakta B. Rath||Science & Engineering||—[A]|
|2009||C. S. Seshadri||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|2009||V. Ganapati Sthapati||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|2009||Sarojini Varadappan||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
- Non-citizen recipients
- Indicates a citizen of the United States
- Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
- Indicates a citizen of Russia
- Indicates a citizen of Germany
- Indicates a citizen of Japan
- Indicates a citizen of Czech Republic
- Indicates a citizen of South Africa
- Indicates a citizen of France
- Indicates a citizen of China
- Posthumous recipients
- Karamshi Jethabhai Somaiya died on 9 May 1999, at the age of 96.
- S. Srinivasan died on 1 September 1999, at the age of 58.
- Syed Mir Qasim died on 14 December 2004, at the age of 83.
- Gunter Kruger died on 26 February 2005, at the age of 68.
- P. Leela died on 31 October 2005, at the age of 75.
- Somnath Hore died on 1 October 2006, at the age of 85.
- Chandra Prasad Saikia died on 9 August 2006, at the age of 80.
- Amarnath Sehgal died on 28 December 2007, at the age of 85.
- Yuli Vorontsov died on 12 December 2007, at the age of 78.
- "PV Sindhu recommended for Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, by sports ministry". Firstpost. 25 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
- "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
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All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
- "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
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- R. Akhileshwari (13 February 2005). "Awards don't matter..." Deccan Herald. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
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- "Magic of Medanta". The Financial Express. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
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- Srivastava, K. K. (1 March 2015). "The Spirit of Poetry". The Pioneer. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
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