List of chief ministers of Maharashtra Head of Indian State of Maharashtra

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Chief minister of Maharashtra
Seal of Maharashtra.png
The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri Uddhav Thackeray calling on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on February 21, 2020 (Uddhav Thackeray) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Uddhav Thackeray

since 28 November 2019
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
ResidenceVarsha Bungalow, Malabar Hill, Mumbai
SeatMantralaya, Mumbai
AppointerGovernor of Maharashtra
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
5 years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Precursor
Inaugural holderYashwantrao Chavan (1960-62)
Formation1 May 1960
(61 years ago)
 (1960-05-01)
DeputyAjit Pawar
WebsiteCMO Maharashtra

The Chief Minister of Maharashtra is the head of the Government of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Following elections to the Legislative Assembly, the Governor invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government and appoints the Chief Minister (CM). If the appointee is not a member of either the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council of Maharashtra, then the Constitution stipulates that they need to be elected within six months of being sworn-in.[2] The office of the CM is coterminous with the concurrent Assembly provided the CM commands confidence in the house and hence does not exceed five years. However, it is subject to no term limits.[1]

Maharashtra was formed by dissolution of Bombay State on 1 May 1960.[3] Yashwantrao Chavan, who was serving as the third CM of Bombay State since 1956, became the first CM of Maharashtra. He belonged to the Indian National Congress and held the office until the 1962 Assembly elections. Marotrao Kannanwar succeeded him and was the only CM to die while in office.[4][5] Vasantrao Naik, who was in office from December 1963 to February 1975 for more than 11 years, has by far been the longest serving CM. He also was the first and only CM to complete his full term of five years (1967-1972) till Devendra Fadnavis matched it (2014-2019). With the exceptions of Manohar Joshi (SS), Narayan Rane (SS), Devendra Fadnavis (BJP) and Uddhav Thackeray (SS), all other CMs have been from the Congress or its breakaway parties.[6][7][8]

So far, President's rule has been imposed thrice in the state: first from February to June 1980 and again from September to October 2014. It was again imposed on 12 November 2019 [9][10]

The current incumbent is Uddhav Thackeray of the Shiv Sena since 28 November 2019.

Key

Colour key for political parties

Precursors

Prime Ministers of Bombay (1937-47) [a]

No.[b] Name

(birth-death)

Portrait Term of Office Party Assembly Appointed

by

(Governor)

Took office Left office Tenure
1 Balasaheb

Gangadhar Kher
(1888-1957)

BG Kher 1989 stamp of India (cropped).jpg 3 April 1937 2 November

1939 [12]

2 years, 244 days Indian National

Congress

1st

Provincial

Assembly

(1937 Elections)

The Lord Brabourne
- Vacant

(Governor's Rule)

Star-of-India-silver-centre.svg 2 November

1939

30 March 1946 6 years, 148 days N/A Dissolved -
(1) Balasaheb

Gangadhar Kher

(1888-1957)

BG Kher 1989 stamp of India (cropped).jpg 30 March 1946 15 August 1947 1 year, 138 days Indian National

Congress

2nd

Provincial

Assembly

(1946 Elections)

Sir John Colville

Chief Ministers of Bombay (1947-60)

Chief Ministers of Bombay State (1947-56)
No.[c] Name

(birth-death)

Portrait Constituency Term of Office Party Assembly Appointed

by

(Governor)

Took office Left office Tenure
1 Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher
(1888-1957)
BG Kher 1989 stamp of India (cropped).jpg
- 15 August 1947 21 April 1952 4 years, 250 days Indian National

Congress

Provincial

Assembly

(1946 Elections)

Sir John Colville
2 Morarji Ranchhodji Desai
(1896-1995)
Morarji Desai (portrait).png
Chikhli, Gujarat 21 April 1952 31 October 1956 4 years, 193 days 1st

Assembly

(1952 elections)

Raja Sir Maharaj Singh
Chief Ministers of Bombay State (1956-60)

(States Reorganisation Act, 1956) [d]

3 Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
(1913-1984)
Y B Chavan (cropped).jpg
Karad North 1 November 1956 5 April 1957 3 years, 181 days Indian National

Congress

1st

Assembly

(1952 elections)

Harekrushna Mahatab
5 April 1957 30 April 1960 2nd

Assembly

(1957 elections)

Sri Prakasa

Chief Ministers of Maharashtra

Chief Ministers of Maharashtra[e] (1960- present)

(Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960)[14]

No Name

(birth-death)

Portrait Constituency Term of office Assembly Party

(Alliance)[7]

Took office Left office Duration
1 Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
(1913-1984)
Y B Chavan (cropped).jpg
Karad North 1 May 1960 19 November 1962 2 years, 202 days 1st Assembly

( 1957 elections)

Indian National

Congress

2 Marotrao Shambshio Kannamwar
(1900-1963)
- Saoli 20 November 1962 24 November 1963 1 year, 4 days 2nd

Assembly

(1962 election)

3 P. K. Sawant - Chiplun 25 November 1963 4 December 1963 9 days
4 Vasantrao Phulsing Naik
(1913-1979)
- Pusad 5 December 1963 1 March 1967 11 years, 77 days
1 March 1967 13 March 1972 3rd

Assembly

(1967 election)

13 March 1972 20 February 1975 4th

Assembly

(1972 election)

5 Shankarrao Bhavrao Chavan
(1920-2004)
Shankarrao Chavan 2007 stamp of India.jpg
Bhokar 21 February 1975 16 May 1977 2 years, 84 days
6 Vasantrao Banduji Patil

(1917-1989)

Vasantdada Patil (1977).jpg
MLC[15] 17 May 1977 5 March 1978 1 year, 62 days
Sangli 5 March 1978 18 July 1978 5th

Assembly

(1978 election)

Indian National

Congress (Urs)

[16][17]

(Congress - Congress (I))

7 Sharad Govindrao Pawar
(born 1940)
Sharad Pawar, Minister of AgricultureCrop.jpg
Baramati 18 July 1978 17 February 1980 1 year, 214 days
Indian National

Congress (Socialist)

[18][19]

(Progressive Democratic Front)

Vacant[f]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India N/A 17 February 1980 8 June 1980 112 days Dissolved[21] N/A
8 Abdul Rehman Antulay
(1929-2014)
- Shrivardhan 9 June 1980 12 January 1982 1 year, 217 days 6th

Assembly

(1980 election)

Indian National Congress
9 Babasaheb Anantrao Bhosale
(1921-2007)
- Nehrunagar 21 January 1982 1 February 1983 1 year, 11 days
(6) Vasantrao Banduji Patil

[2]

(1917-1989)

Vasantdada Patil (1977).jpg
Sangli[22]

(1983 by-elections)

2 February 1983 1 June 1985 2 years, 119 days
(3 years, 181 day)
10 Shivajirao Patil Nilangekar
(1931—2020)
- Nilanga 3 June 1985 6 March 1986 276 days 7th

Assembly

(1985 election)

(5) Shankarrao Bhavrao Chavan

[2]

(1920-2004)

- MLC[23] 12 March 1986 26 June 1988 2 years, 106 days
(4 years, 190 days)
(7) Sharad Govindrao Pawar

[2]
(born 1940)

Sharad Pawar, Minister of AgricultureCrop.jpg
Baramati 26 June 1988 3 March 1990 2 years, 364 days
4 March 1990 25 June 1991 8th

Assembly

(1990 election)

11 Sudhakarrao Rajusing Naik
(1934-2001)
- Pusad 25 June 1991 22 February 1993 1 year, 242 days
(7) Sharad Govindrao Pawar

[3]

(born 1940)

Sharad Pawar, Minister of AgricultureCrop.jpg
Baramati 6 March 1993 14 March 1995 2 years, 8 days
(6 years, 221 days)
12 Manohar Gajanan Joshi
(born 1937)
Manohar Joshi cropped.jpg
Dadar 14 March 1995 31 January 1999 3 years, 323 days 9th

Assembly

(1995 election)

Shiv Sena

(Sena-BJP)

13 Narayan Tatu Rane
(born 1952)
Narayan Rane.jpg
Malvan 1 February 1999 17 October 1999 258 days
14 Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh
(1945-2012)
Vilasrao Deshmukh at Innovation Partnerships Event May 8, 2012.jpg
Latur City 18 October 1999 16 January

2003

3 years, 90 days
10th

Assembly

(1999 election)

Indian National

Congress

(Congress-NCP)

15 Sushilkumar Sambhaji Shinde

(born 1941)

Sushilkumar Shinde.JPG
Solapur South[24] 18 January

2003

30 October

2004

1 year, 286 days
(14) Vilasrao Dagodajirao Deshmukh

[2]
(1945-2012)

Vilasrao Deshmukh at Innovation Partnerships Event May 8, 2012.jpg
Latur City 1 November

2004

4 December

2008

4 years, 33 days
(7 years, 123 days)
11th

Assembly

(2004 election)

16 Ashok Shankarrao Chavan
(born 1958)
Ashok Chavan 2010 - still 114915 crop.jpg
Bhokar 8 December

2008

15 October

2009

1 year, 336 days
7 November

2009

9 November

2010

12th

Assembly

(2009 election)

17 Prithviraj Chavan
(born 1946)
Prithviraj Chavan - India Economic Summit 2011.jpg
MLC[25][26] 11 November

2010

26 September

2014

3 years, 319 days
Vacant[f]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India N/A 28 September

2014[27]

30 October

2014[28]

32 days Dissolved N/A
18 Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis
(born 1970)
Devendra Fadnavis Official Photo.jpg
Nagpur South West 31 October 2014 8 November

2019[29]

5 years, 8 days 13th

Assembly

(2014 election)

Bharatiya Janata

Party

(BJP-Sena)

- Vacant[f]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India N/A 12 November 2019[30] 23 November

2019[31]

11 days Dissolved N/A
(18) Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis

[2]
(born 1970)

Devendra Fadnavis Official Photo.jpg
Nagpur South West 23 November

2019[32]

26 November

2019[33]

3 days
[g](5 years, 11 days)
14th

Assembly

(2019 election)

Bharatiya Janata

Party

(BJP-NCP (Ajit Pawar group))

19 Uddhav Bal Thackeray
(born 1960)
The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri Uddhav Thackeray calling on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on February 21, 2020 (Uddhav Thackeray) (cropped).jpg
MLC 28 November

2019[38]

Incumbent 1 year, 160 days Shiv Sena
(Maha Vikas Aghadi)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ After India's Independence, Bombay State was created and its territory underwent constant change in the following years. It comprised Bombay Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra and Vidarbha), the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat (the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka).[11]
  2. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  3. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  4. ^ States Reorganisation Act, 1956: Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. The southernmost districts of the Bombay Presidency were transferred to Mysore State.[13]
  5. ^ Bombay state was dissolved to form the present-day states of Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960, which was enacted by the Parliament of India on 25 April 1960 and came into effect on 1 May 1960.[3]
  6. ^ a b c Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to constitutional provisions, the Central government can take direct control of the state machinery through the Governor. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[20]
  7. ^ Fadnavis sworn in as CM on 23 November 2019 at 8:00 am and resigned on 26 November 2019 at 4:00 pm making him the CM with shortest tenure ever in the history of India.[34][35] Before him, Jagdambika Pal had the shortest tenure as chief minister. He was the CM of Uttar Pradesh for 44 hours from 21 to 23 February 1998 and both Fadnavis and Pal were from BJP.[36] P. K. Sawant from INC was the CM with shortest term before Fadnavis for Maharastra; became CM on 25 November 1963 and his tenure ended on 4 December 1963.[37]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Maharashtra as well.
  2. ^ "Chavan elected to Legislative Council". @businessline. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b "The Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960" (PDF). India Code - Digital Repository of Legislation. 25 April 1960. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Before Jayalalithaa, 16 chief ministers who died in office". The Indian Express. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Jayalalithaa is dead: Here are other chief ministers who died while still in office - Firstpost". firstpost.com. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Down but not out". The Telegraph India. 10 July 2011.
  7. ^ a b Palshikar, Suhas; Birmal, Nitin; Ghotale, Vivek (2010). "Coalitions in Maharashtra Political fragmentation or Social Reconfiguration?" (PDF). Savitribai Phule Pune University.
  8. ^ "Indira Gandhi installed as president of break-away faction of Congress Party". India Today. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Use of President's Rule peaked on February 17, 1980: Some facts". India Today. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. ^ "President's rule: 'Unprecedented but logical'". @businessline. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  11. ^ Desai, S. H. (1972). A critical study of the development of secondary education for girls in Gujarat its history and present day problems (PhD Thesis). Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda: Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET. pp. 411–420. hdl:10603/57937.
  12. ^ https://scroll.in/article/727053/forgotten-fact-most-mumbaiites-are-breaking-the-law-when-they-grab-a-drink
  13. ^ "The States Reorganisation Act, 1956" (PDF). India Code - Digital Repository of Legislations. 31 August 1956. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Explained: How Gujarat, Maharashtra came into being". The Indian Express. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  15. ^ Shinde, A.S. (1985). "Chapter 5 Executive-Legislature relationship". Working of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (1960-1975) - PhD Thesis. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University: Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET. pp. 153–154.
  16. ^ "I am just running my own state as best as possible: Devraj Urs". India Today. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Statistical Report 1978 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1978. p. 354. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2010.
  18. ^ "Sharad Pawar | Indian politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Why Sharad Pawar will never ever go back to the Congress". dailyo.in. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  20. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  21. ^ "Information sought under RTI Act, 2005" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (Government of India). 27 June 2014. p. 7 of 14. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Documentation Monthly July 1983 (Research and Reference Election Commission of India)" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 78–79. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2018.
  23. ^ "S B Chavan: Headmaster of Indian politics - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Sushilkumar Shinde is sworn in - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Maha CM elected unopposed to Legislative Council - Rediff.com India News". Rediff.com. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Chavan elected to Legislative Council". @businessline. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Proclamation of President's Rule" (PDF). Government of Maharashtra. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Proclamation to revoke President's rule" (PDF). Government of Maharashtra. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  29. ^ Desk, The Hindu Net (8 November 2019). "Devendra Fadnavis resigns, blames Shiv Sena for Maharashtra crisis". The Hindu.
  30. ^ "President's Rule imposed in Maharashtra, what now? - A first in Maha history". The Economic Times.
  31. ^ "President's Rule Revoked in Maharashtra at 5:47 am". NDTV.com.
  32. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis first Maharashtra CM to resign twice in one-month period". The Indian Express. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  33. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis, Maharashtra Chief Minister For 80 Hours, Quits". NDTV. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  34. ^ "Why Was Devendra Fadnavis Maharashtra CM For Just 80 Hours? BJP MP Answers". HuffPost. 2 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  35. ^ "After 80 hours as Maharashtra CM, Fadnavis submits resignation to governor". Live Mint. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  36. ^ "Only 80 hrs: Devendra Fadnavis becomes Maharashtra CM with shortest tenure ever". India Today. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  37. ^ "Maharashtra: Only 80 hours – Fadnavis now CM for shortest tenure in state history". The Indian Express. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  38. ^ Vyas, Sharad (26 November 2019). "Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray to be sworn in as Maharashtra Chief Minister on November 28". The Hindu.

External links

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