List of chief ministers of Mizoram Wikimedia list article

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Chief Minister of Mizoram
Seal of Mizoram.svg
Zoramthanga in 2008.jpg
Incumbent
Zoramthanga

since 15 December 2018
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofMizoram Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Mizoram
AppointerGovernor of Mizoram
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderC. Chhunga
Formation3 May 1972
(49 years ago)
 (1972-05-03)
DeputyTawnluia

The Chief Minister of Mizoram is the chief executive of the Indian state of Mizoram. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Mizoram Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1972, five people from four parties have served as Chief Minister of Mizoram; the inaugural officeholder was C. Chhunga. Lal Thanhawla of the Indian National Congress has the longest incumbency of over 21 years in 5 terms. The current incumbent is Zoramthanga of the Mizo National Front who assumed office on 15 December 2018.

List

Lal Thanhawla is Mizoram's longest-serving chief minister, having held office for over 22 years.
No Name Constituency Term[2] Party[a] Assembly
(Election)
Appointed by
(Governor)
1 C. Chhunga Kolasib 3 May 1972 10 May 1977 5 years, 7 days Mizo Union
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 11 May 1977 1 June 1978 1 year, 21 days N/A
2 T. Sailo Aizawl North 2 June 1978 10 November 1978 161 days Mizo People's Conference
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 10 November 1978 8 May 1979 179 days N/A
(2) T. Sailo Aizawl North 8 May 1979 4 May 1984 4 years, 362 days Mizo People's Conference
3 Lal Thanhawla Serchhip 5 May 1984 20 August 1986 2 years, 107 days Indian National Congress
4 Laldenga Aizawl North II 21 August 1986 19 February 1987 2 years, 17 days Mizo National Front
20 February 1987 7 September 1988 1st Assembly (1987–89)
(1987 election)
Hiteswar Saikia
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 7 September 1988 24 January 1989 139 days N/A
(3) Lal Thanhawla Serchhip 24 January 1989 7 December 1993 9 years, 313 days Indian National Congress 2nd Assembly (1989–93)
(1989 election)
Hiteswar Saikia
8 December 1993 3 December 1998 3rd Assembly (1993–98)
(1993 election)
Paty Ripple Kyndiah
5 Zoramthanga Champhai 3 December 1998 4 December 2003 10 years, 8 days Mizo National Front 4th Assembly (1998–03)
(1998 election)
Dr A.P. Mukherjee
4 December 2003 11 December 2008 5th Assembly (2003–08)
(2003 election)
Amolak Rattan Kohli
(3) Lal Thanhawla Serchhip 11 December 2008 11 December 2013 10 years, 3 days Indian National Congress 6th Assembly (2008–13)
(2008 election)
Madan Mohan Lakhera
12 December 2013 14 December 2018 7th Assembly (2013–18)
(2013 election)
Vakkom Purushothaman
(5) Zoramthanga Aizawl East I 15 December 2018 Incumbent 2 years, 153 days Mizo National Front 8th Assembly (2018–23)
(2018 election)
Kummanam Rajasekharan

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]
References
  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Mizoram as well.
  2. ^ "About Government-Chief Minister". Mizoram state official website.
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External links

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