List of chief ministers of Odisha Wikimedia list article

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Chief Minister of Odisha
Seal of Odisha.png
Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik in October 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Naveen Patnaik

since 5 March 2000 (2000-03-05)
Chief Minister's Office
StyleThe Honourable (formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (informal)
StatusHead of government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports to
ResidenceNaveen Nivas, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
SeatLok Seva Bhavan, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
AppointerGovernor of Odisha
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Odisha Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the governor
Legislative Assembly term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified.[1]
PrecursorPrime Minister of Orissa
Inaugural holderHarekrushna Mahatab
Formation1 April 1937
(84 years ago)
 (1937-04-01)
Websitecm.odisha.gov.in

The Chief Minister of Odisha, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Odisha. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Odisha Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

On 1 April 1936, Orissa Province was formed. The province has been controlled by the King of Paralakhemundi, Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo. He ruled till July, 1937. There after the All India Congress party leader Biswanath Das took over the charges for two more years. Again the King took the control before finally handed over to Dr. Harekrushna Mahatab in the year 1946. After India got its freedom and constitution was enacted, the state persuaded working in the principles of democracy. Till the first election, Dr. Harekrushna Mahatab continued to be the chief minister of Odisha and then it was taken over by Nabakrushna Choudhury. Here is the list of chief minister of Odisha since 1946. Since 1946, Odisha has had 14 chief ministers. Serving since 2000, Naveen Patnaik of the Biju Janata Dal is the incumbent chief minister, and the longest-serving one in Odisha's history.

Premiers/Prime Ministers of Orissa

No Name Portrait Term of office Party Days in office
1 Krushna Chandra Gajapati Krushna Chandra Gajapati.jpg 1 April 1937 19 July 1937 Independent 3 months, 2 weeks and 4 days
2 Biswanath Das Biswanath-Das.jpg 19 July 1937 4 November 1939 Indian National Congress 2 years, 3 months, 2 weeks and 2 days
(1) Krushna Chandra Gajapati Krushna Chandra Gajapati.jpg 29 November 1941 29 June 1944 Independent 2 years and 7 months
3 Harekrushna Mahatab Harekrushna-Mahtab.jpg 23 April 1946 15 August 1947 Indian National Congress 1 year, 3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days

Chief Ministers of Odisha

Colour key for parties
No Name Portrait Constituency Tenure Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1 Harekrushna Mahatab Harekrushna-Mahtab.jpg 15 August 1947 12 May 1950 2 years, 270 days Indian National Congress
2 Nabakrushna Choudhury Nabakrushna-Choudhury.jpg Barchana 12 May 1950 20 Feb 1952 6 years, 160 days
20 Feb 1952 19 Oct 1956
(1) Harekrushna Mahatab Harekrushna-Mahtab.jpg Soro 19 October 1956 6 Apr 1957 4 years, 129 days
6 Apr 1957 22 May 1959
22 May 1959 25 Feb 1961
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 25 February 1961 23 June 1961 N/A
3 Biju Patnaik Biju-Patnaik.jpg Choudwar 23 June 1961 2 October 1963 2 years, 101 days Indian National Congress
4 Biren Mitra Biren-Mitra.jpg Cuttack City 2 October 1963 21 February 1965 1 year, 142 days
5 Sadashiva Tripathy Sadasiva-Tripathy.jpg Omerkote 21 February 1965 8 March 1967 2 years, 15 days
6 Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo RNS-Deo.jpg Bolangir 8 March 1967 9 January 1971 3 years, 307 days Fourth Assembly

(1967-71)

(1967 election)

Swatantra Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 11 January 1971 3 April 1971 N/A
7 Biswanath Das Biswanath-Das.jpg Rourkela 3 April 1971 14 June 1972 1 year, 72 days Fifth Assembly

(1971-73)

(1971 election)

Independent
8 Nandini Satpathy Nandini-Satapathy.jpg 14 June 1972 3 March 1973 262 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 3 March 1973 6 March 1974 N/A
(8) Nandini Satpathy Nandini-Satapathy.jpg Dhenkanal 6 March 1974 16 December 1976 2 years, 285 days Sixth Assembly

(1974-77)

(1974 election)

Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 16 December 1976 29 December 1976 N/A
9 Binayak Acharya Binayak Acharya, Former CM, Odisha.jpg Berhampur 29 December 1976 30 April 1977 122 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 30 April 1977 26 June 1977 N/A
10 Nilamani Routray Nilamani-Routray.jpg Basudevpur 26 June 1977 17 February 1980 2 years, 236 days Seventh Assembly

(1977-80)

(1977 election)

Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg N/A 17 February 1980 9 June 1980 N/A
11 Janaki Ballabh Patnaik J B Pattnaik, Governor of Assam.jpg Athagarh 9 June 1980 10 Mar 1985 9 years, 181 days Eight Assembly

(1980-85)

(1980 election)

Indian National Congress
10 Mar 1985 7 Dec 1989 Ninth Assembly

(1985-90)

(1985 election)

12 Hemananda Biswal Hemananda-Biswal.jpg Laikera 7 December 1989 5 March 1990 88 days
(3) Biju Patnaik Biju-Patnaik.jpg Bhubaneswar 5 March 1990 15 March 1995 5 years, 10 days

(total 7 years, 111 days)

Tenth Assembly

(1990-95)

(1990 election)

Janata Dal
(11) Janaki Ballabh Patnaik J B Pattnaik, Governor of Assam.jpg Begunia 15 March 1995 17 February 1999 3 years, 339 days Eleventh Assembly

(1995-2000)

(1995 election)

Indian National Congress
13 Giridhar Gamang Giridhar-Gamang.jpg Laxmipur 17 February 1999 6 December 1999 292 days
(12) Hemananda Biswal Hemananda-Biswal.jpg Laikera 6 December 1999 5 March 2000 90 days

(total 178 days)

14 Naveen Patnaik Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik in October 2014.jpg Hinjili 5 March 2000 16 May 2004 21 years, 61 days Twelfth Assembly

(2000-04)

(2000 election)

Biju Janata Dal
16 May 2004 21 May 2009 Thirteenth Assembly

(2004-09)

(2004 election)

21 May 2009 21 May 2014 Fourteenth Assembly

(2009-14)

(2009 election)

21 May 2014 29 May 2019 Fifteenth Assembly

(2014-19)

(2014 election)

29 May 2019 Incumbent Sixteenth Assembly (2019 -)

(2019 election)

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Odisha as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
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