List of chief ministers of Sikkim Wikimedia list article

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Chief Minister of Sikkim
Seal of Sikkim.svg
Prem Singh Tamang.jpg
Incumbent
Prem Singh Tamang

since 27 May 2019
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofSikkim Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Sikkim
AppointerGovernor of Sikkim
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderKazi Lhendup Dorjee
Formation16 May 1974
(46 years ago)
 (1974-05-16)

The Chief Minister of Sikkim, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Sikkim. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Sikkim is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Sikkim Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1974, Sikkim has had five chief ministers. The first was Kazi Lhendup Dorjee of the Indian National Congress. Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front was the longest serving Chief Minister of Sikkim from 1994-2019. He occupied the office longer than all his predecessors put together and currently holds the record for longest serving CM in India. The 24 year old rule of Pawan Kumar Chamling ended in 2019 Vidhan Sabha elections where Sikkim Krantikari Morcha emerged victorious. Prem Singh Tamang became Chief Minister on 27 May 2019.

Chief Ministers of Sikkim

Colour key for parties
No Portrait Name Constituency Term Party[a] Tenure Assembly Ref
1 Kazi Lhendup Dorjee .jpg Kazi Lhendup Dorjee 16 May 1974 17 August 1979 Sikkim Congress 4 years, 93 days 1st Assembly (1974-1979)

(1974 Elections)

[2]
Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 18 August 1979 17 October 1979 N/A 60 days - [2]
2 Nar Bahadur Bhandari Soreong 18 October 1979 11 May 1984 Sikkim Janata Parishad 4 years, 206 days 2nd Assembly (1979-1984)

(1979 Elections)

[2]
3 Bhim Bahadur Gurung Jorthang-Nayabazar 11 May 1984 25 May 1984 Indian National Congress 14 days [2]
Emblem of India.svg Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 25 May 1984 8 March 1985 N/A 287 days - [2]
(2) Nar Bahadur Bhandari Soreong 8 March 1985 25 November 1989 Sikkim Sangram Parishad 9 years, 70 days 3rd Assembly (1985-1989)

(1985 Elections)

[2]
26 November 1989 17 May 1994 4th Assembly (1989-1994)

(1989 Elections)

4 Sanchaman Limboo 18 May 1994 12 December 1994 209 days [2]
5 Pawan Kumar Chamling.png Pawan Kumar Chamling Damthang 13 December 1994 10 October 1999 Sikkim Democratic Front 24 years, 166 days 5th Assembly (1994-1999)

(1994 Elections)

[4][5]
11 October 1999 21 May 2004 6th Assembly (1999-2004)

(1999 Elections)

[5]
21 May 2004 20 May 2009 7th Assembly (2004-2009)

(2004 Elections)

[6]
Poklok-Kamrang 20 May 2009 21 May 2014 8h Assembly (2009-2014)

(2009 Elections)

[7]
Namchi-Singhithang 21 May 2014 27 May 2019 9th Assembly (2014-2019)

(2014 Elections)

6 Prem Singh Tamang.jpg Prem Singh Tamang Poklok-Kamrang 28 May 2019 Incumbent Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 year, 344 days 10th Assembly (2019-2024)

(2019 Elections)

[8]

Notes

  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Sikkim as well.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Shresta, R. S. (2005). Sikkim, Three Decades Towards Democracy: Evolution of the Legislative System. Sikkim Legislative Assembly Secretariat. p. 158. ISBN 9788190137461.
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Pawan Chamling to be longest serving Chief Minister". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 17 May 2014.
  5. ^ a b Shresta, R. S. (2005). Sikkim, Three Decades Towards Democracy: Evolution of the Legislative System. Sikkim Legislative Assembly Secretariat. p. 319. ISBN 9788190137461.
  6. ^ Dam, Marcus (22 May 2004). "Will strive to remove urban, rural disparities: Chamling". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Chamling takes oath as Sikkim CM for record fourth term". The Indian Express. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  8. ^ Singh, Shiv Sahay (27 May 2019). "P.S. Golay sworn in as Sikkim Chief Minister". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2021.

External links

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