List of female Indian chief ministers Wikimedia list article

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Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal is the only incumbent woman chief minister in India.

Sixteen women have served as the chief minister of an Indian state and union territory. Currently, one is in office — Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal. Of the thirteen states and union territories to have been headed by a female chief minister, only three—Delhi, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh—have had two women chief ministers each. Five of the women chief ministers belonged to the Indian National Congress, four to the Bharatiya Janata Party and two to the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, no other party has ever had more than one female chief minister in office.

In the Republic of India, a chief minister is the head of government of each of twenty-eight states and three of the eight union territories[1](Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the state government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years; the office is subject to no term limits.[2]

Chronological list of female Indian chief ministers

Key
  • *  Incumbent Chief Minister
  • Died in office
S. No. Name Portrait State Term(s) Total tenure (days) Party
1 Sucheta Kripalani
(25 June 1908 – 1 December 1974)
Sucheta Kriplani.jpg Uttar Pradesh 2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967 1258 Indian National Congress
2 Nandini Satpathy
(9 June 1931 – 4 August 2006)
Nandini-Satapathy.jpg Odisha 14 June 1972 – 3 March 1973
6 March 1974 – 16 December 1976
1278 Indian National Congress
3 Shashikala Kakodkar
(7 January 1935 – 28 October 2016)
Shashikala Kakodkar.jpg Goa 12 August 1973 – 27 April 1979 2084 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
4 Anwara Taimur
(24 November 1936 – 28 September 2020)
No image available.svg Assam 6 December 1980 – 30 June 1981 206 Indian National Congress
5 V. N. Janaki Ramachandran
(30 November 1923 – 19 May 1996)
VNJanaki.jpg Tamil Nadu 7 January 1988 – 30 January 1988 23 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
6 J. Jayalalithaa
(24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016)
J Jayalalithaa.jpg Tamil Nadu 24 June 1991 – 12 May 1996
14 May 2001 – 21 September 2001
2 March 2002 – 12 May 2006
16 May 2011 – 27 September 2014
23 May 2015 – 5 December 2016[†]
5238 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
7 Mayawati
(b. 15 January 1956)
Mayawati.jpg Uttar Pradesh 13 June 1995 – 18 October 1995
21 March 1997 – 21 September 1997
3 May 2002 – 29 August 2003
13 May 2007 – 15 March 2012
2562 Bahujan Samaj Party
8 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
(b. 30 September 1945)
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal.jpg Punjab 21 November 1996 – 12 February 1997 83 Indian National Congress
9 Rabri Devi
(b. 1 January 1959)
Rabri Devi (cropped).jpg Bihar 25 July 1997 – 11 February 1999
9 March 1999 – 2 March 2000
11 March 2000 – 6 March 2005
2746 Rashtriya Janata Dal
10 Sushma Swaraj
(14 February 1953 – 6 August 2019)
Sushma Swaraj Ji.jpg Delhi 13 October 1998 – 3 December 1998 51 Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Sheila Dikshit
(31 March 1938 – 20 July 2019)
Sheila Dikshit Ji.jpg Delhi 4 December 1998 – 27 December 2013 5502 Indian National Congress
12 Uma Bharti
(b. 3 May 1959)
Uma Bharati in 2014.jpg Madhya Pradesh 8 December 2003 – 23 August 2004 259 Bharatiya Janata Party
13 Vasundhara Raje
(b. 8 March 1953)
Vasundhra Raje.jpg Rajasthan 8 December 2003 – 18 December 2008
8 December 2013 – 17 December 2018
3667 Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Mamata Banerjee*
(b. 5 January 1955)
Mamata Banerjee.jpg West Bengal 20 May 2011 – present 3639 All India Trinamool Congress
15 Anandiben Patel
(b. 21 November 1941)
Anandiben Patel Ji.jpg Gujarat 22 May 2014 – 7 August 2016 808 Bharatiya Janata Party
16 Mehbooba Mufti
(b. 22 May 1959)
Mehbooba Mufti Ji.jpg Jammu and Kashmir 4 April 2016 – 20 June 2018 807 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party

See also

References

  1. ^ Kulshrestha, Surender Kumar (2014). "Socioeconomic Inclusion of Indian States and UTs". Journal of Exclusion Studies. 4 (1): 75. doi:10.5958/2231-4555.2014.00216.2. ISSN 2231-4547.
  2. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
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