National Democratic Alliance

political coalition in India, led by the BJP

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National Democratic Alliance
AbbreviationNDA
ChairpersonAmit Shah
(Home Minister)
Lok Sabha leaderNarendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha leaderThawar Chand Gehlot
(Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment)
FounderLal Krishna Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(Bharatiya Janata Party)
Founded1998
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
Alliance25 Parties
Seats in Lok Sabha
333 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
112 / 245
Seats in State Legislative AssembliesSee § Strength in legislative assemblies

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a political alliance of Indian center-right and right wing political parties. The coalition is led by the BJP from 1998.

Its first chairman was late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister took over as chairman of the coalition in 2004 and served till 2014, and Amit Shah is the current chairman of the alliance serving from 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 General Elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%.[1] Its leader, Modi, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the Alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%.[2]

History

First prime minister from NDA, Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Prime Minister Narendra Modi

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samta Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP.[3][4] With outside support provided by the TDP, the NDA was able to muster a slim majority in the elections of 1998, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee returned as prime minister.[5] The government collapsed within a year because the (AIADMK) withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, this time for a full five-year term.[6]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have stated that the NDA's failure to reach out to the rural masses was the explanation for its defeat.[7][8]

Structure

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure in place, such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies. Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the CM of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener.[9] On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years.[10]

Strength in parliament


Members of the National Democratic Alliance
Party MPs in Lok Sabha MPs in Rajya Sabha[11] Party Status
1 Bharatiya Janata Party 302 86 National Party
2 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 9 Tamil Nadu
3 Janata Dal (United) 15 5 Bihar
4 Republican Party of India (A) - 1 Maharashtra
5 Lok Janshakti Party 6 - Bihar
6 Asom Gana Parishad - 1 Assam
7 Apna Dal (Sonelal) 2 - Uttar Pradesh
8 Bodoland People's Front - 1 Assam
9 National People's Party 1 1 Meghalaya
10 Pattali Makkal Katchi - 1 Tamil Nadu
11 Tamil Maanila Congress - 1 Tamil Nadu
12 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party 1 - Rajasthan
13 All Jharkhand Students Union 1 - Jharkhand
14 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1 - Nagaland
15 Mizo National Front 1 1 Mizoram
16 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 - Sikkim
17 Independent 2 2 None
19 Nominated - 4 None
Total 333 112 India


Current governments

  BJP (12)
  Coalition with BJP (6)
  INC (4)
  Coalition with INC (2)
  Other Parties (AAP, AITC, BJD, TRS, YSRCP, CPI(M))
  President's Rule (1)
  Without Legislature (5)

As of March 2020, the BJP holds a majority of Legislative Assembly in 12 states - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. In Haryana, BJP shares power as the senior partner (Chief Minister of BJP) with Jannayak Janta Party.

In 8 other states, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu (Although, BJP has not a single seat in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly) it shares power as Junior Partner with other political parties of the NDA coalition.

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab and Puducherry as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The BJP has never been in power in 3 states-Kerala, Telangana (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh) and West Bengal.

List of Current NDA Governments


S.No State/UT NDA Govt since Chief Minister Party/alliance partner Seats in Assembly

Last election

Name Party Seats Since 1 2 3 Others Independent
1 Assam 19 May 2016 Sarbananda Sonowal BJP 60 19 May 2016 AGP (14) BPF (12) 1 87/126 19 May 2016
2 Arunachal Pradesh 16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 41 16 September 2016 JD(U) (7) NPP (4) 3 55/60 23 May 2019
3 Bihar 27 July 2017 Nitish Kumar JD(U) 69 27 July 2017 BJP (53) HAM (1) 2 125/243 8 November 2015
4 Gujarat 28 February 1998 Vijay Rupani BJP 103 7 August 2016 103/182 18 December 2017
4 Goa 6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 27 19 March 2019 2 29/40 11 March 2017
6 Haryana 19 October 2014 Manohar Lal Khattar BJP 40 26 October 2014 JJP (10) 7 57/90 24 October 2019
7 Himachal Pradesh 18 December 2017 Jai Ram Thakur BJP 44 27 December 2017 44/68 18 December 2017
8 Karnataka 26 July 2019 B. S. Yediyurappa BJP 117 26 July 2019 2 119/224 15 May 2019
9 Manipur 11 March 2017 Nongthombam Biren Singh BJP 18 15 March 2017 NPP (4) NPF (4) LJP (1) 1 28/60 11 March 2017
10 Madhya Pradesh March 2020 Shivraj Singh Chauhan BJP 107 23 March

2020

4 111/230 December 2018
11 Meghalaya 6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 21 6 March 2018 UDP (8) PDF (4) BJP (2) HSPDP (2) 2 39/60 3 March 2018
12 Mizoram 15 December 2018 Zoramthanga MNF 27 15 December 2018 BJP (1) 28/40 11 December 2018
13 Nagaland 8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 19 8 March 2018 BJP (12) 1 32/60 3 March 2018
14 Tamil Nadu 19 February 2019 Edappadi Palaniswami AIADMK 125 16 February 2017 125/234 19 May 2016
15 Tripura 9 March 2018 Biplab Kumar Deb BJP 36 9 March 2018 IPFT (8) 44/60 3 March 2018
16 Sikkim 23 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 19 23 May 2019 BJP (12) 31/32 23 May 2019
17 Uttar Pradesh 11 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 306 19 March 2017 AD(S) (9) 3 318/403 11 March 2017
18 Uttarakhand 11 March 2017 Trivendra Singh Rawat BJP 56 18 March 2017 56/70 11 March 2017

Strength in legislative assemblies

NDA's Strength in State Legislative Assemblies

State/UT Assembly BJP NDA Chief Minister from Ref(s)
Andhra Pradesh 175 0 Jana Sena Party (1) YSRCP


[12]
Arunachal Pradesh 60 41 Janata Dal (United) (7), National People's Party (4) BJP,


[13]
Assam 126 62 Asom Gana Parishad (14), Bodoland People's Front (12) BJP, [14]
Bihar 243 54 Janata Dal (United) (70), Lok Janshakti Party (2), Independents (5) JD(U), [15]
Chhattisgarh 90 14 None INC [16]
Goa 40 27 Goa Forward Party (3),

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (1), Independents (3)

BJP, [17]
Gujarat 182 103 BJP [18]
Haryana 90 40 Jannayak Janta Party (10), Independents (7) BJP, [19]
Himachal Pradesh 68 44 None BJP [20]
Jharkhand 81 28 All Jharkhand Students Union (2) JMM [21]
Karnataka 224 117 Bahujan Samaj Party (1) BJP [22]
Kerala 140 1 Kerala Janapaksham (1) Left Front [23]
Madhya Pradesh 230 107 Bahujan Samaj Party (2),

Samajwadi Party (1), Independents(2)

BJP [24]
Maharashtra 288 105 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha (1), Jan Surajya Shakti (1), Indepen

dents (8)

SS [25]
Manipur 60 31 National People's Party (4), Naga People's Front (4), Lok Janshakti Party (1) BJP, [26]
Meghalaya 60 2 National People's Party (21), United Democratic Party (8), People's Democratic Front (4), Hill State People's Democratic Party (2) NPP,


[27]
Mizoram 40 1 Mizo National Front (27) MNF, [28]
Nagaland 60 13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (20) NDPP, [29]
Odisha 147 23 BJD [30]
Punjab 117 2 INC [31]
Rajasthan 200 73 Bahujan Samaj Party (6), Rashtriya Loktantrik Party,(3), Bharatiya Tribal Party (2),

Independents (13)

INC [32]
Sikkim 32 12 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (19)


SKM, [33]
Tamil Nadu 234 0 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (125) AIADMK [34]
Telangana 119 1 TRS


[35]
Tripura 60 36 Indigenous People's Front of Tripura (8) BJP, [36]
Uttar Pradesh 403 309 Apna Dal (Sonelal) (9), Nishad Party (1),

Independents (3)

BJP, [37]
Uttarakhand 70 56 None BJP [38]
West Bengal 294 14 None AITC [39]
Delhi 70 8 None AAP [40]
Jammu and Kashmir NA NA NA NA [41]
Puducherry 30 3 All India N.R. Congress (7), All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (4) INC [42]
Total 4033 1326 462 NDA (21) 31

List of Prime Ministers

No. Prime Ministers Portrait Term in Office Lok Sabha Cabinet Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2002-06-12.jpg 19 March 1998 10 October 1999 6 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow
10 October 1999 22 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi PM Modi 2015.jpg 26 May 2014 (Incumbent) 6 years, 146 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
17th Modi II

List of Current Chief Ministers

Incumbent Chief Minister from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait Cabinet
1. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg Pema Khandu II
2. Assam Sarbananda Sonowal Chief Minister of Assam Sarbananda Sonowal.jpg Sarbananda Sonowal I
3. Bihar Nitish Kumar The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg Nitish Kumar VI
4. Goa Pramod Sawant The Chief Minister of Goa, Shri Pramod Sawant.jpg Pramod Sawant I
5. Gujarat Vijay Rupani Vijay Rupani.jpg Vijay Rupani II
6. Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg Manohar Lal Khattar II
7. Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur JRThakur.jpg Jai Ram Thakur I
8. Karnataka B. S. Yediyurappa The Chief Minister of Karnataka, Shri B.S. Yediyurappa.jpg B. S. Yediyurappa IV
9. Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg Shivraj Singh Chouhan IV
10. Manipur N. Biren Singh N. Biren Singh.jpg N. Biren Singh I
11. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma The Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad Sangma.JPG Conrad Sangma I
12. Mizoram Zoramthanga Zoramthanga in 2008.jpg Zoramthanga III
13. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio NeiphiuRio.jpg Neiphiu Rio IV
14. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang Prem Singh Tamang.jpg Prem Singh Tamang I
15. Tamil Nadu Edappadi K. Palaniswami Edappadi K. Palaniswami.png Edappadi Palaniswami I
16. Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb Biplab Kumar Deb in 2018.jpg Biplab Kumar Deb I
17. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath Yogi Adityanath.jpg Yogi Adityanath I
18. Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat TrivendraSinghRawat.jpg Trivendra Singh Rawat I

List of Deputy Chief Ministers

Deputy Chief Minister from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait
1. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein
The Agriculture Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Shri Chowna Mein calling on the Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh, in New Delhi on September 17, 2014 (cropped).jpg
2. Bihar Sushil Kumar Modi The Leader of Opposition, Bihar, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi in New Delhi on January 08 (cropped2).jpg
3. Goa Manohar Ajgaonkar
4. Chandrakant Kavlekar
5. Gujarat Nitinbhai Patel
6. Haryana Dushyant Chautala Dushyant Chautala.jpg
7. Karnataka C. N. Ashwath Narayan Dr C N Ashwath Narayan.png
8. Govind Karjol
9. Laxman Savadi Laxman Savadi.jpg
10. Manipur Yumnam Joykumar Singh The Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, Shri Y. Joykumar Singh calling on the Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (IC), Prime Minister’s Office, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions (cropped).jpg
11. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong A delegation from North Eastern States led by the Minister General Administration Home (Civil Defence And Home Guards) Public Health Engineering Relief And Rehabilitation (cropped).jpg
12. Mizoram Tawnluia
13. Nagaland Yanthungo Patton The Nagaland Home Minister, Shri Yanthungo Patton meeting the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, in New Delhi on November 09, 2016 (cropped).jpg
14. Tamil Nadu O. Panneerselvam Panneerselvam.jpg
15. Tripura Jishnu Dev Varma The Chief Minister of Tripura, Shri Biplab Kumar Deb and the Deputy Chief Minister, Shri Jishnu Debbarma calling on the Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh, in New Delhi on March 20, 2018 (cropped).jpg
16. Uttar Pradesh Dinesh Sharma
17. Keshav Prasad Maurya

Candidates in elections

Lok Sabha general elections

Alliance Election wise

For Lok Sabha Election 2019

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
# Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 437 303 134 [43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51]
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra 23 18 5
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 20 1 19 [45]
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 17 16 1 [46]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 2 8 [47]
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 7 0 7 [45]
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 6 6 0 [46]
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 4 0 4 [49]
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 4 0 4 [48]
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 3 0 3
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2 2 0
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 1 1 0
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1 1 0
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan 1 1 0
15 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [45]
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [45]
17 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [45]
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam 1 0 1 [51]
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala 1 0 1 [49]
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry 1 0 1 [50]
21 Sumalatha (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Karnataka 1 1 0
Total 543 352 191

For Lok Sabha Election 2014

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
# Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 425
282
143
[52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][59][52][56][61]
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30
16
14
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 20
18
2
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14
0
14
[62][63][64][65][66][67]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10
4
6
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8
1
7
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7
0
7
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7
6
1
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 3
3
0
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2
2
0
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2
1
1
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2
0
2
[68]
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1
1
0
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 1
1
0
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1
1
0
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 1
0
1
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1
0
1
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1
0
1
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1
0
1
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1
0
1
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 1
0
1
Total NDA Candidates 542 336 206

Note:- Contested On BJP Symbol Lotus

For Lok Sabha Election 2009

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
# Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 433 116 317 [69][70][71]

[72]

2 Janata Dal (United) Bihar,
Jharkhand,
Tamil Nadu,
Uttar Pradesh,
Kerala
32 20 12 [73]
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra,
Tamil Nadu
24 11 13 [74]
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 4 6
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 7 5 2
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 6 1 5
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 0 5
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1 0
9 Ajitrao Ghorpade (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Maharashtra 1 0 1 [75]
10 H. Lallungmuana (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Mizoram 1 0 1 [76]
Total 520 158 362

For Lok Sabha Election 2004

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telugu Desam Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
All India Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
Indian Federal Democratic Party
Manipur State Congress Party

For Lok Sabha Election 1999

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
Nationalist Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Indian National Lok Dal
Mizo National Front
Sikkim Democratic Front
Manipur State Congress Party
Telugu Desam Party (External Support)

For Lok Sabha Election 1998

Prime Minister Candidate Parties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
Nationalist Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
NTR TDP(LP)

Past members

Party Base State Year of withdrawal Reason for withdrawal
Lok Shakti Bihar 1999 Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections
J & K National Conference Jammu and Kashmir 2002 Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.
Samta Party Bihar 2003 Merged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2004 Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections
Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 2004 Merged with Congress
Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 2004 Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress
All India Trinamool Congress National Party 2007 Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.
Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 2009 Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.
Biju Janata Dal Odisha 2009 Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telangana 2009 Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.
Janata Dal (Secular) Karnataka 2010 Left the alliance in 2010
Ladakh Union Territory Front Jammu and Kashmir 2010 Merged with BJP.
Kamtapur Progressive Party West Bengal 2010 Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Uttarakhand 2012 Withdrew Support before State Elections
Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 2012 Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Jharkhand 2012 Withdrew from alliance in 2012
Janata Party Tamil Nadu 2013 Merged with BJP
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2014 Withdrew from alliance before 2014 Haryana Legislative Assembly election[77] Merged with Congress in 2016
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2014 Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Elections 2016
Kerala Congress (Nationalist) (Noble Mathew) Kerala 2016 Merged with BJP[78]
Kerala Janapaksham Kerala 2016 Merged with BJP
Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik) Kerala 2016 Withdrew alliance in a view to 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election[79]
Maraland Democratic Front Mizoram 2017 Merged with BJP[80]
Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2017 Broke the alliance[81]
Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 2018 Withdrawn Support from NDA on 16 March 2018 over the demand of Special Category status to Andhra Pradesh and failure to Implement the corresponding Bifurcation Act.
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Jammu and Kashmir 2018 BJP withdrawn support from JKPDP-led government on 19 June 2018.
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party Bihar 2018 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election.
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha West Bengal 2019 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election.[82]
Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi (Rajan Babu) Kerala 2019 Merged with Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi
Pravasi Nivasi Party Kerala 2019 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election
Janadhipathya Rashtriya Sabha Kerala 2019
Kerala Vikas Congress Kerala 2019 One faction merged with Kerala Congress (B), one faction still in NDA.
Shiv Sena Maharashtra 2019 Disagreement over power sharing after 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election
All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 2019 Alliance broken ahead of 2019 Jharkhand Legislative Assembly election due to seat sharing conflict
Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 2020 Broke alliance on the issue of 3 Agriculture reforms Laws.[83]

Timeline

2011

2012

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013

2014

  • DMDK will be fighting Lok Sabha Election through an alliance with BJP led NDA.[92]
  • Pattali Makkal Katchi led Social Democratic Alliance are the other allies of NDA in Tamil Nadu.
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Sena : Its President, Raj Thackeray announced external support to NDA on 9 March 2014 which is marked as Party's formation day, supporting Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.
  • Indian National Lok Dal : Its Gen. Sec., Sh. Ajay Singh Chautala announced external support to NDA, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.
  • Lok Satta Party : President Shri J P Narayan announced external support to NDA, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate
  • Telugu Desam Party (TDP) rejoined NDA on 6 April, after breaking alliance in 2004 post general election defeat.[94]

2015

2016

  • In December 2016, Khandu proved majority on the floor with 33 of the People's Party of Arunachal’s 43 legislators joining the Bharatiya Janata Party as the BJP party increased its strength to 45 and it has the support of two independents. He became second Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh of Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh after the 44 days lead Gegong Apang government in 2003.[104][105]

2017

  • The results of the 2017 Goa Assembly election gave rise to a hung assembly since no political party could achieve a complete majority of 21 in the 40 member Goa Legislative Assembly.
  • The Indian National Congress emerged the largest party with 17 seats but ultimately, the Bharatiya Janata Party which emerged victorious in 13 constituencies formed the government with the support of the Goa Forward Party, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party and independents.[107]
  • The Goa Forward Party expressed its support to the Bharatiya Janata Party on the condition that the then Union Defence Minister of India Manohar Parrikar would return to Goa as the Chief Minister of Goa.[108]
  • On 15 March 2017, N. Biren Singh was sworn as the Chief Minister by having coalition with NPP, NPF, LJP and others, the first time that BJP formed a government in Manipur, though the INC emerged as the single largest party.
  • On 27 July 2017, Janata Dal (United) rejoined NDA and formed a coalition government with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Bihar with Nitish Kumar as the Chief Minister and Sushil Kumar Modi as the Deputy Chief Minister, and with that BJP completed its domination in Hindi belt.[109]

2018

  • On 9 March 2018, Biplab Kumar Deb was sworn as the Chief Minister having a pre-poll alliance with IPFT, the first time that BJP formed a government in Tripura.
  • Telugu Desam Party (TDP) withdrew from the NDA on 16 March 2018 due To Andhra Pradesh Special Category Status .[110]

2019

  • On 7 January 2019, the AGP withdrew from the NDA and also from the Assam Government on the issue of citizenship amendment bill.
  • On 21 January 2019, the GJM withdrew from the NDA and extended the support to Mamata Banerjee .

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP[117]

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP is not wiling to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra.[118]

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019.[119]

  • On 23 November 2019 in Maharashtra, NCP (Ajit Pawar Faction) joined NDA, Ajit Pawar took oath as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.
  • On 26 November 2019 in Maharashtra, Ajit Pawar resigns as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.With immediate effect Devendra Fadnvis also resigns from the post of CM of Maharashtra.He is the 1st Cm of Maharashtra who serves only 79 hours as a CM of Maharashtra.

2020

See also

References

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  16. ^ Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly
  17. ^ Goa Legislative Assembly
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  37. ^ Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
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  41. ^ Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
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