Naujaat

Inuit hamlet in Canada

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Naujaat

ᓇᐅᔮᑦ
Naujaat in October
Naujaat in October
Naujaat is located in Nunavut
Naujaat
Naujaat
Naujaat is located in Canada
Naujaat
Naujaat
Coordinates: Coordinates:
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionKivalliq
Electoral districtAivilik
Government
 • TypeHamlet Council
 • MayorAlan Robinson
 • MLASteve Mapsalak
Area
 • Total424.27 km2 (163.81 sq mi)
Elevation24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total1,082
 • Density2.6/km2 (6.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code(s)867

Naujaat (Inuktitut: ᓇᐅᔮᑦ, lit. 'seagulls' nesting place'), known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay,[5] is an Inuit hamlet located on the shores of Hudson Bay, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Location and wildlife

Arctic Circle arch

Naujaat is at the north end of Roes Welcome Sound which separates Southampton Island from the mainland. On the east side of Naujaat Frozen Strait leads east to Foxe Channel. The hamlet is located exactly on the Arctic Circle, on the north shore of Naujaat and on the south shore of the Rae Isthmus. Transport to the community is provided primarily by air and by an annual sealift. Naujaat is home to a wide variety of animals including polar bears, caribou, seals, whales, and walrus. There are also approximately one hundred species of birds in the area, including gyrfalcons and peregrine falcons.

History

Naujaat is translated into English variously as "seagull fledgling," "seagull resting place" or "seagulls' nesting place," named after a cliff 5 km (3.1 mi) to the north, where seagulls, migrating from the south each June, make their nests. Naujaat was first visited by Europeans in the 1740s, and by the late 1800s it became a popular whaling ground for American and Scottish whalers. Many Naujaat Inuit residents worked on board these whaling vessels from the south. Although there are various theories as to the origin of the English name "Repulse Bay," many attribute the name to Christopher Middleton, who when searching for the Northwest Passage in 1742 discovered that the bay was not a route out of Hudson Bay, but rather a cul-de-sac. He is claimed to have called it the "Bay of Repulse, the bay where I was pushed away". Others believe that the name comes from an 18th-century English vessel named Repulse which visited the area. The Hudson's Bay Company opened a post in Naujaat about 1916 and in 1923 a rival fur trading company, Revillon Frères, opened a post. A Roman Catholic Mission was built in 1932. Naujaat was formerly part of the District of Keewatin and the Keewatin Region; in 1999 the area became part of the Kivalliq Region.

Revillon Frères post, Repulse Bay, 1926.

On 12 May 2014, a by-election was held to elect a new mayor which was won by Solomon Malliki. At the same time a non-binding plebiscite was held to gauge how the community felt about restoring the traditional name, Naujaat. With voter turnout at 36% there were 82 people in favour and 73 opposed to the name change. The name was officially changed on 2 July 2015.[6]

Naujaat today

As of the 2016 census, the population was 1,082, an increase of 14.5% from the 2011 census.[3] The Naujaat community continues to rely on traditional sealing, fishing, hunting, trapping, and carving for their livelihood, together with tourism. Naujaat is known for its Inuit artists, especially carvers (typically creating small realist animal sculptures of ivory, soapstone, marble and antler), as well as jewellery and crafts. Its people are the 'Aivilingmiut'.

It is served by Naujaat Airport.

Broadband communications

Both Qiniq and NorthwesTel have operations in Naujaat.[7][8] Since late 2018, Qiniq has offered 4G LTE and 2G-GSM technology for mobile users in Naujaat.[9]

Climate

Naujaat has a tundra climate (Köppen ET) with short but cool summers and long, cold winters.

Climate data for Naujaat Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex −4.6 −11.6 −2.1 2.4 7.9 21.1 29.3 21.9 15.4 4.2 0.4 −1.0 29.3
Record high °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−11.0
(12.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
8.0
(46.4)
22.5
(72.5)
28.0
(82.4)
22.0
(71.6)
15.5
(59.9)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32.0)
1.1
(34.0)
28.0
(82.4)
Average high °C (°F) −28.2
(−18.8)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−12.8
(9.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
6.2
(43.2)
13.1
(55.6)
10.3
(50.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −31.3
(−24.3)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−17.1
(1.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
3.0
(37.4)
8.8
(47.8)
6.8
(44.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−12.1
(10.2)
Average low °C (°F) −34.1
(−29.4)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.4
(39.9)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
Record low °C (°F) −47.8
(−54.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−50.0
(−58.0)
Record low wind chill −66.3 −63.7 −59.5 −49.7 −30.2 −18.7 0.0 −8.3 −18.1 −41.1 −50.1 −59.2 −66.3
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.4
(0.72)
14.8
(0.58)
18.6
(0.73)
24.3
(0.96)
18.5
(0.73)
28.9
(1.14)
29.0
(1.14)
46.4
(1.83)
33.6
(1.32)
28.2
(1.11)
29.2
(1.15)
21.4
(0.84)
311.3
(12.26)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(0.02)
1.9
(0.07)
23.3
(0.92)
29.0
(1.14)
46.1
(1.81)
22.3
(0.88)
0.8
(0.03)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
123.8
(4.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 18.8
(7.4)
19.1
(7.5)
21.7
(8.5)
27.7
(10.9)
19.7
(7.8)
5.5
(2.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.1)
12.6
(5.0)
32.6
(12.8)
32.9
(13.0)
24.6
(9.7)
215.4
(84.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.3 6.7 11.0 9.9 9.4 8.4 9.6 11.8 11.1 13.7 11.3 10.3 123.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 6.5 9.6 11.8 7.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 36.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.2 7.3 11.6 10.7 9.2 2.3 0.0 0.2 4.8 13.1 11.8 10.5 91.6
Average relative humidity (%) 74.2 71.9 73.5 80.9 82.7 78.1 65.3 71.1 81.1 85.9 79.1 76.0 76.7
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Repulse Bay — or Naujaat? — elects new mayor, votes to change community name
  2. ^ Results for the constituency of Aivilik Archived 2013-11-13 at the Wayback Machine at Elections Nunavut
  3. ^ a b c "Statistics Canada: 2016 Census Profile". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  4. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  5. ^ Naujaat, Nunavut, residents celebrate official renaming today
  6. ^ "Repulse Bay to officially change name to Naujaat July 2". CBC News. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Company". Qiniq. Archived from the original on 31 May 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Where we operate". Northwestel. Archived from the original on 31 May 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  9. ^ "SSi Mobile Launches in Iqaluit" (PDF). SSi Micro. 19 September 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 May 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Repulse Bay A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2403490. Retrieved 27 November 2013.[permanent dead link]

Further reading

External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Naujaat