Online streamer

person who streams activities on their computer to a live online audience

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An online streamer or live streamer is a person who broadcasts themselves online through a live stream or prerecorded video. Genres include playing video games, tutorials, or solo chats.

History

Streaming arose in the early 2010s, originating in sites like YouTube where users could upload videos of themselves in the form of vlogs or Let's Plays. While all content was not live, users were still able to gain a sizable audience and make a living off of their content. Other sites like Twitch increased this popularity.[1] Due to the millions of dollars that streamers can make, streaming has become a viable career option for individuals who have personality or skill.[2]

Varieties

Video games

Felix Kjellberg, better known as PewDiePie, has one of the largest subscriber bases for his Let's Play and Commentary videos.

Let's Players have been the most popular streamers by far since the beginning of live streaming. Today, the majority of streamers make their living from doing Let's Plays, live speedruns, and walkthroughs of video games. The biggest video game streamers are PewDiePie and Ninja who make millions of dollars each year just from streaming.[3][4]

IRL streams

While the majority of professional and part-time streamers play video games, many often do IRL (in real life) streams where they broadcast their daily life. At first, many streaming sites prohibited non-gaming live streams as they thought it would harm the quality of the content on their sites but the demand for non-gaming content grew.[5] Topics include answering questions in front of a computer, streaming from their phone while walking outside, or even doing tutorials. IRL streams are alternatives to viewers who do not necessarily like to play video games.[6]

Pornographic streaming

Pornographic streams are a way to directly communicate with porn stars. Camgirls broadcast while nude or performing sexual acts often on demand from viewers. Sites like Plexstorm have created a niche by streaming video gamers performing or showing sexual content including pornographic games.[7]

Asia

Asia has become a big marketplace, especially in South Korea and China.

Broadcast jockey

In South Korea, a streamer is called a broadcast jockey or BJ. Broadcast jockeys have become popular over the years in Korea thanks in part to many of them being more relatable to viewers than some celebrities and becoming famous enough to appear on TV shows. While it is common for broadcast jockeys to become national stars, there has been a recent rise in the number of famous Korean idols and celebrities becoming broadcast jockeys either as a way to supplement their career or full-time as they make more money streaming than they would acting or singing.[8][9] The number of famous stars becoming full-time broadcast jockeys has outpaced the number of part-timers as many prefer freedom over professional offers.[10] Politicians have streaming channels.[11] Korean sites include AfreecaTV, Naver TV, and KakaoTV in addition to worldwide streaming sites like Twitch, YouTube, Mixer, Periscope, and Bigo Live.

Mukbang

Mukbang originated in South Korea, as the live-streaming of eating a meal. Global sites like Twitch offer "Social Eating".[12]

China

China has become the largest marketplace for live streaming. A large number of streamers make $10,000-$100,000 a month without having to be a big name on the Internet.[13] This is due to the large population and the ubiquity of smartphones where many Chinese citizens prefer to consume their entertainment. The live streaming market grew 180% in 2016 and has grown even more since then.[14] Chinese streaming sites may be restricted to Chinese content and audiences due to the strict Internet rules in the country and the difficulty of cooperating with the Chinese Communist Party. Many Chinese streamers average 100,000 viewers per stream and earn $29,000 per month just by partnering with an agency.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Anderton, Kevin. "The Business Of Video Games: Streamers And Refereum [Infographic]". Forbes.
  2. ^ "Average streamer number on YouTube Gaming Live and Twitch 2018 - Statistic". Statista.
  3. ^ "The YouTuber who has made more money than Cameron Diaz this year". The Independent. 15 October 2015.
  4. ^ Tassi, Paul. "'Fortnite' Legend Ninja Talks Twitch Fame And Fortune, And The Game That Got Him There". Forbes.
  5. ^ "Twitch now permits streamers to broadcast non-gaming vlog-style content". 15 December 2016.
  6. ^ "IRL Streaming: Spontaneous Entertainment For An Audience That's Always Live". uk.news.yahoo.com.
  7. ^ AVN, AVN Staff. "Plexstorm's Streaming Site Connects Porn Gamer Girls with Fans". AVN.
  8. ^ "Former Idols Are Becoming Broadcast Jockeys, And It's No Wonder Why". 10 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Actress Shin Se-kyung thrives as YouTuber". koreatimes. December 12, 2018.
  10. ^ Kim, Dasol (6 March 2018). "Celebrities Who Have Become Broadcast Jockeys aka BJ's".
  11. ^ "More politicians become YouTubers to promote themselves". koreatimes. 9 December 2018.
  12. ^ Harris, Jenn (18 December 2013). "South Korean dinner porn: No nudity, and a lot of food". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/how-to-make-100000-a-month-in-china-live-streaming-your-life/2017/07/23/b6e0ae1e-602a-11e7-80a2-8c226031ac3f_story.html
  14. ^ "Report: China's live streaming market grew 180% in 2016 ยท TechNode". 31 March 2017.
  15. ^ Chen, Qian (1 December 2016). "China's live-streaming explosion: a game changer for all?". www.cnbc.com.
Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Online streamer