Peckham Rye

park in Peckham, London

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Peckham Rye
Peckham Rye.jpg
Peckham Rye Common
Peckham Rye is located in Greater London
Peckham Rye
Peckham Rye
Location within Greater London
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°27′28″N 0°03′40″W / 51.457804°N 0.061047°W / 51.457804; -0.061047Coordinates: 51°27′28″N 0°03′40″W / 51.457804°N 0.061047°W / 51.457804; -0.061047

Peckham Rye is an open space and road in the London Borough of Southwark in London, England. The roughly triangular open space lies to the south of Peckham town centre. It is managed by Southwark Council and consists of two contiguous areas, with Peckham Rye Common to the north and Peckham Rye Park to the south.[1] The road Peckham Rye forms the western and eastern perimeter of the open space.

Peckham Rye is also a ward of the London Borough of Southwark,[2] forming part of the Camberwell and Peckham constituency.

Location

Peckham Rye railway station on Rye Lane is a short distance north of the open space in Peckham. To the east is Nunhead, to the south is Honor Oak and to the west is East Dulwich. Barry Road connects the Rye with Dulwich Library while Friern Road is named after an old friary.

History

A map showing the Rye ward of Camberwell Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

It was on the Rye in the 1760s that the artist William Blake claimed to have seen visions, including one of "a tree filled with angels, bright angelic wings bespangling every bough like stars."[3]

The Park includes the 49 acres of land south of the Common that surrounded Homestall Farm, which was purchased by the Vestry and London County Council in 1868, for £51,000. A few other small parcels of land were later incorporated into the Park when the leases of Homestall Farm and other properties expired.

The land for Peckham Rye Park was purchased by the London County Council for £51,000 (equivalent to £6,200,000 in 2021) and declared open on 14 May 1894. At that time the park was 54 acres (220,000 m2). Homestall Farm was 13 acres.[4] One of the first features of the new park, an ornamental 'Old English Garden' was created. It was later renamed the 'Sexby Garden' after Lt-Col JJ Sexby the London County Council's first Chief Officer of Parks. It was re-developed in 1936 and the paths re-laid with yorkstone paving.[5]

During World War II, part of the Common became a Prisoner of War camp for Italian prisoners of war.

The River Peck was largely enclosed in 1823. Today, parts of this stream can still be seen on the west side of Peckham Rye Park.

The Park includes a Japanese garden and hosts a weekly Parkrun event.

Local landmarks

Cultural references

Peckham Rye is also Cockney rhyming slang for tie (necktie).

Muriel Spark's 1960 novel The Ballad of Peckham Rye tells the story of a Scotsman moving to the area.

2019 movie Blue Story makes many references to Peckham, and in particular Peckham Rye when talking about the location of rival gangs and gang warfare in the area.

2020 song Comet Face from King Krule references Peckham Rye.

References

  1. ^ Southwark Council - Peckham Rye Park and Common Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Mapit https://mapit.mysociety.org/area/8325.html
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Opening Of Peckham-Rye Park". The Times. 15 May 1894. p. 9.
  5. ^ "What a Difference a Year Makes". www.londongardenstrust.org. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

External links

  • Know Your Ryes, local landmarks with "Rye" and "Peckham Rye" in their names
Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Peckham Rye