Peter Parker (Marvel Cinematic Universe)

fictional character from the Marvel Cinematic Universe

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter Parker
Marvel Cinematic Universe character
Tom Holland as Spider-Man.jpg
Peter Parker / Spider-Man, as portrayed by Tom Holland in Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019)
First appearance
Based on
Adapted by
  • Christopher Markus
  • Stephen McFeely
Portrayed by
Voiced byHudson Thames (What If...?)
In-universe information
Aliases
  • Spider-Man
  • Night Monkey
Occupation
Affiliation
FamilyRichard and Mary Parker (parents)
Significant otherMichelle "MJ" Jones
Relatives
OriginForest Hills, Queens, New York, United States
NationalityAmerican
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Peter Parker is a fictional character primarily portrayed by Tom Holland in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) media franchise—based on the character of the same name by Marvel Comics—commonly known by his alias, Spider-Man. Parker is depicted as a high school student at Midtown School of Science and Technology who received spider-like abilities after being bitten by a radioactive spider and since then has secretly operated as a vigilante. He is later recruited by Tony Stark who goes on to mentor him and joins the Avengers. Holland's version of the character is the successor to the Peter Parker played by Tobey Maguire in the Sam Raimi trilogy (2002–2007) and the Peter Parker of The Amazing Spider-Man duology (2012–2014) played by Andrew Garfield.

As of 2021, the character is one of the central figures of the MCU, having appeared in five films as well as in the animated series What If...? (2021), in which he is voiced by Hudson Thames. He also made a brief cameo appearance in the Sony's Spider-Man Universe film Venom: Let There Be Carnage (2021) and will appear in the upcoming film Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021). In Iron Man 2 (2010), director Jon Favreau's son Max appears as a child wearing an Iron Man mask whom Iron Man saves from a drone. This was, retroactively, the introduction of a young Parker as confirmed in 2017 by Holland, producer Kevin Feige, and Jon Watts, director of the Spider-Man films.[3][4]

Holland's performance has generally received positive responses from critics, in particular his performance in Avengers: Infinity War (2018) and his ability to portray both the Peter Parker and Spider-Man sides of the character.[5]

Concept and creation

Holland at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con

Peter Parker first premiered as a comic book character in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962). Following a surge in teenage demand for comic books, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee wanted to create a character with whom teens could identify.[6]: 1  Lee cited pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as an influence,[7]: 130  and stated that he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so often he has become unsure of whether or not this is true.[8] Lee "wanted the character to be a very human guy, someone who makes mistakes, who worries, who gets acne, has trouble with his girlfriend, things like that".[9] Jack Kirby, meanwhile, had an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a magic ring that granted him superhuman powers. Lee and Kirby had a story conference, and Lee directed Kirby to flesh out the character and draw some pages.[10]: 12  Unsatisfied with Kirby's story direction, Lee turned the project over to Steve Ditko, who designed the character with a costume with a face mask, a clinging power, and wrist-fired webs.[11] Under Lee's direction, the character "became high-school student Peter Parker, who gets his spider powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider".[12]

A tokusatsu (live-action) series featuring an original character named Takuya Yamashiro assuming the mantle of Spider-Man, "Supaidā-Man" was produced by Toei and aired in Japan from 1978 to 1979.[13] The character was featured in a trilogy of live-action films directed by Sam Raimi and starring Tobey Maguire as the titular superhero, with installments released from 2002 to 2007. A third sequel was originally scheduled to be released in 2011, but Sony later decided to reboot the franchise with a new director and cast. The reboot, titled The Amazing Spider-Man, was released in 2012; directed by Marc Webb and starring Andrew Garfield as the new Spider-Man,[14][15][16] followed by a sequel in 2014.[17][18]

Following the November 2014 hacking of Sony Pictures' computers, emails between Sony Pictures Entertainment co-chairman Amy Pascal and president Doug Belgrad were released stating that Marvel wanted to include Spider-Man (whose film rights are licensed to Sony) in Captain America: Civil War, but talks between the studios concerning this were believed to have broken down.[19] However, in February 2015, the studios reached a licensing deal for the use of Spider-Man in an MCU film,[20] and reports indicated that the character would indeed appear in Civil War.[21][22][23] According to the deal, Sony Pictures would continue to own, finance, distribute, and exercise final creative control over the Spider-Man films.[20] The next month, Marvel Entertainment CCO Joe Quesada indicated that the Peter Parker version of the character would be used,[24] which Feige confirmed in April.[25] Feige also stated that Marvel had been working to add Spider-Man to the MCU since at least October 2014.[26] The following June, Feige clarified that the initial Sony deal does not allow the character to appear in any of the MCU television series, as it was "very specific... with a certain amount of back and forth allowed."[27] The same month, the companies announced that after many auditions, Tom Holland had been cast to play Spider-Man within the MCU. Tom Holland made his debut as Spider-Man in Civil War, before later starring in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017); directed by Jon Watts.[28][29] Holland reprised his role as Spider-Man in Avengers: Infinity War (2018),[30][31] Avengers: Endgame (2019)[32] and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019).[33]

In August 2019, negotiations between Sony and Marvel broke down, leaving the character's future in the MCU uncertain. The following month, however, the companies agreed to a new deal to have Spider-Man return to the MCU, beginning with Spider-Man: No Way Home, to be released on December 17, 2021. Disney will provide 25% of the film's budget and receive 25% of its profit.[34] Holland has stated the upcoming film is the last film on his current deal to play the character.[35]

Characterization

Tom Holland first appears as Peter Parker in the MCU in Captain America: Civil War, where he is recruited by Tony Stark to help him arrest Captain America and his rogue Avengers. Producer Kevin Feige said that Parker would be torn between superhero ideologies, saying, "Does he want to be like these other characters? Does he want nothing to do with these other characters? How does that impact his experience, being this grounded but super powerful hero? Those are all the things that Stan Lee and Steve Ditko played with in the first 10 years of his comics, and that now we can play with for the first time in a movie."[36] On aligning with Tony Stark, Anthony Russo said that, despite entering the conflict after the two factions have formed and not having much political investment, Parker's choice comes from "a very personal relationship" he develops with Stark.[37][38] The Russos hoped "to take a very logical and realistic and naturalistic approach to the character" compared to the previous film portrayals. Anthony Russo added that the character's introduction had to fit "that specific tonal stylistic world" of the MCU, as well as the tone established by the directors in Winter Soldier, saying, "It's a little more grounded and a little more hard-core contemporary." That was "coloring our choices a lot" with Parker.[39] On the Spider-Man suit, Joe Russo described it as "a slightly more traditional, Steve Ditko influenced suit," and that the film would explore the way the suit operates, particularly the mechanical eyes.[40]

The MCU depiction of Peter Parker omits explicit reference to Uncle Ben, whose death was a significant event both in the comic books and in previous film series.[41] The one exception is "What If... Zombies?!", where and when Parker mentions everyone who has died in his life in the episode's timeline.

Another change is Parker's close paternal relationship with Stark. This was partially adapted from J. Michael Straczynski's run on The Amazing Spider-Man (from #519 to #536), the first five issues of the limited series Civil War and the Ultimate Comics where Stark and Parker share a trainer-trainee relationship. Some critics disliked Parker's reliance on Stark, as opposed to previous cinematic portrayals of Spider-Man showing the character as more self-reliant; several of Parker's proper Spider-Man suits in the MCU are also designed by Stark, or built by Parker with Stark Industries technology, whereas in the comics Parker designed and constructed his suits entirely by himself.[42]

Peter's relationships with Mary Jane Watson or Gwen Stacy do not exist in the MCU, instead he falls in love with Michelle, a fellow school student after his previous crush, Liz, moved away.

Appearances

  • A scene in Iron Man 2 (2010) depicts a young boy in a child's Iron Man mask standing bravely in front of one of Justin Hammer's robots, which takes aim at him. Just in time, the boy is rescued by Tony Stark / Iron Man. Tom Holland confirmed in a 2017 interview that it was retroactively decided that the boy was Peter Parker.[43] Max Favreau, the son of director Jon Favreau, plays the young Peter Parker.[4]
  • The first reference to Spider-Man within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, following the deal with Sony, is at the end of Ant-Man. According to director Peyton Reed,[44] the reference is made by a reporter to Sam Wilson / Falcon, who is looking for Ant-Man. The reporter states, "Well, we got everything nowadays. We got a guy who jumps, we got a guy who swings, we got a guy who crawls up the walls, you gotta be more specific."
  • Peter Parker's first on-screen Marvel Cinematic Universe appearance is in Captain America: Civil War (2016), when Tony Stark recruits him to fight alongside his faction of the Avengers. Holland chose not to read the whole Civil War script in order to avoid potentially leaking plot information publicly.[45]
  • In Spider-Man: Homecoming, directed by Jon Watts,[46][47] Parker balances his high school life with his duties as Spider-Man, while being mentored by Tony Stark, as he battles an illegal weapons vendor known as the Vulture.[28]
  • In Avengers: Infinity War, Parker joins Stark, Stephen Strange, Peter Quill, Drax, and Mantis in combating Thanos on the planet Titan. At the end, Parker is one of the victims of the Blip.[48]
  • In Avengers: Endgame, Parker is restored to life and joins the final battle against an alternate Thanos. He then attends Stark's funeral and returns to high school.[49]
  • In Spider-Man: Far From Home,[50] Parker travels with his restored classmates to Europe on a summer trip, but returns to superheroics when Talos (disguised as Nick Fury) recruits him to team up with Mysterio against the Elementals. After Parker learns that Mysterio is the true perpetrator of the attacks, he defeats the drones and Mysterio. At the end, he is framed by J. Jonah Jameson using footage doctored by Mysterio of murdering him and his identity is exposed.
  • In What If...?, a variant of Parker in an alternate timeline appears as Zombie Hunter Spider-Man in which he is one of the surviving Avengers left of a quantum zombie virus.[51][52]
  • In Spider-Man: No Way Home, Parker faces an identity crisis and seeks help from Strange, while facing multiversal threats.[34][53]

Fictional character biography

Early life

Peter Parker was born on August 10, 2001 in Forest Hills, Queens.[note 1] For the majority of his life, he was raised by his uncle, Ben Parker, and his aunt, May Parker, after his parents died. In 2011, at the Stark Expo, Parker was attacked by a drone, but was saved by Iron Man.

Civil War and facing the Vulture

In 2016, Parker is a teenager in high school living with his aunt May Parker in Queens, New York. He meets Tony Stark at his apartment, who reveals that he knows Parker is Spider-Man, and recruits him to join his internship. Having been sent to Germany, Parker is given a new Spider-Man suit sent from Stark and is brought to the Leipzig/Halle airport to aid Stark, James Rhodes, Natasha Romanoff, T'Challa, and Vision in the fight against Steve Rogers, Bucky Barnes, Sam Wilson, Wanda Maximoff, Clint Barton, and Scott Lang. Despite this, Parker is a fan of Rogers, who himself respects Parker's bravery, and upon facing each other, they exchange where in New York they both are from. Parker first briefly incapacitates Barnes and Wilson before battling Lang in his giant form and is eventually able to help trip him over. After the fight has ended, Stark takes him back home.

Months later, Parker continues to balance his life as a high school student, while performing his duties as the superhero Spider-Man. One night, Parker returns home to find his best friend Ned Leeds in his room who finds out his superhero identity. Leeds promises not to tell anyone. Later, Parker and Leeds attend a school party, but Parker promptly leaves and saves Aaron Davis when he attempts to purchase Chitauri weapons from Jackson Brice and Herman Schultz, allowing the dealers to flee, but Parker follows them before being caught by their boss Adrian Toomes. Toomes drops Parker into a lake, and Parker is then saved by one of Stark's suits, who is monitoring Parker through the suit. On an academic decathlon trip to Washington, D.C., Parker and Leeds disable Stark's tracker within Parker's suit. After returning to New York, Parker captures Toomes' new buyer Mac Gargan aboard the Staten Island Ferry, but Toomes escapes and a malfunctioning weapon tears the ferry in half. Parker who is unable to fix the ferry, is assisted by Stark who arrives and saves the passengers. Afterwards, Parker's suit is confiscated by Stark as punishment for his recklessness. Later, Parker discovers that Toomes is the father of his high school crush, Liz. During the ride to the school homecoming dance that Parker and Liz prepared to attend together, Toomes deduces Parker is Spider-Man. After dropping Liz off at the dance, Toomes threatens Parker to not interfere with his plans. Despite Toomes' warning, Parker abandons Liz to find Toomes, although he is ambushed by Schultz in the school's parking lot. With Leeds's assistance, Parker defeats Schultz and locates Toomes, who has planned to hijack a Damage Control plane transporting weapons to the Avengers. After Toomes' damaged suit explodes, Parker saves Toomes and leaves him to be arrested. Liz is angry with Parker for once again abandoning her, and tearfully informs him that she and her mother will be moving away. Parker later receives a text from Happy Hogan, who is at the school and takes Parker to the Avengers Compound. There, Stark congratulates him and offers Parker to join the Avengers, however, he declines. After returning home, Parker finds out that Stark returned his suit and is caught by May in the Spider-Man suit.

Infinity War and resurrection

In 2018, while headed on a field trip, Parker sees a spaceship above New York City and asks Leeds to cover for him as he leaves the school bus. He helps Stark fend off Cull Obsidian, who tells him to help Stephen Strange, who is captured by Ebony Maw. Parker follows Maw to his spaceship, prompting Stark to fly into space and rescue Parker. He and Stark rescue Strange and kill Maw, and Stark declares Parker an Avenger. After landing on the planet Titan, they are confronted by Peter Quill, Drax, and Mantis, before realizing they are on the same side. To their surprise, Strange witnesses 14,000,605 possible outcomes of the heroes' conflict, in only one of which the heroes are victorious. After Thanos arrives, their plan to get the Gauntlet off of him is unsuccessful after Quill sabotages it. After Thanos throws one of Titan's moons at them, Parker rescues an unconscious Mantis, Quill, Drax, and Nebula. Unsuccessful at stopping Thanos from collecting all infinity stones, Thanos succeeds in erasing half of all life in the universe, resulting in Parker disintegrating.

In 2023, Parker is restored to life by Bruce Banner and is brought by Strange via a portal to the destroyed Avengers Compound to join the final battle against an alternate Thanos. During the battle, Parker fights Outriders and carries the Stark Gauntlet before giving it to Carol Danvers. After Stark sacrifices himself to win the battle, Parker attends his funeral and returns to high school.

School vacation

In 2024, Parker, still mourning Stark's death, attends a school summer trip to Europe with Leeds and other classmates, in which he plans to reveal his romantic feelings towards his classmate MJ. During the trip, Parker and his classmates encounter a water monster in Venice, who is defeated by an unknown man named Quentin Beck. Parker is approached by Nick Fury to assist in the battle against the Elementals and appoints Beck as Parker's teammate to defeat them. Fury also gives Parker E.D.I.T.H., an artificial intelligence created by Stark originally for his successor. Parker and Beck defeat the remaining Elementals in Prague. After Beck earns Parker's trust, Parker hands over E.D.I.T.H. to Beck. However, one night, as Parker attempts to confess his romantic feelings to MJ, she guesses that Parker is Spider-Man, an accusation he denies at first, until the two discover Beck's fraudulence in using hologram projectors to visually create the Elementals, at which point Parker confirms to MJ that he is Spider-Man. Beck reveals that he was a former associate of Stark who was fired for being unstable. Parker travels to Berlin to warn Fury about Beck's fraudulence, only to be tricked by Beck, using his illusion technology.

Parker is almost left for dead by Beck and ends up in the Netherlands, where he contacts Happy Hogan. Beck uses E.D.I.T.H. to create a fusion of all the Elementals as a cover to kill Parker's classmates in London. Eventually, Parker defeats Beck and retrieves E.D.I.T.H. Beck is accidentally fatally shot by drones that he had intended to use to attack Parker. After returning to New York, Parker begins his relationship with MJ. After swinging with her through the city, they witness a broadcast from J. Jonah Jameson of TheDailyBugle.net, showing doctored footage of Parker and Beck's battle, framing Parker for the drone attack leading to Beck's death, and exposing Parker's identity as Spider-Man, much to Parker's shock.

What If...?

In an alternate 2018, a variant of Peter Parker (marketed as "Zombie Hunter Spider-Man")[54] is among the survivors of the quantum virus which causes those infected to become zombies. He joins the surviving members of the Avengers' allies to find the cure, the Mind Stone, in Camp Lehigh, New Jersey, and with T'Challa and Scott Lang, takes the Stone to Wakanda to put an end to the virus.

In other media

Film

Video games

  • All of Spider-Man's current suits from the Marvel Cinematic Universe are available in the 2018 Spider-Man game developed by Insomniac Games.

Theme parks

Accolades

Holland has received numerous nominations and awards for his portrayal of Peter Parker.

Year Film Award Category Result Ref(s)
2016 Captain America: Civil War Golden Schmoes Awards Breakthrough Performance of the Year Won [60]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie: Scene Stealer Nominated [61]
2017 Empire Awards Best Male Newcomer Nominated [62]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [63]
Spider-Man: Homecoming London Film Critics' Circle Awards Young British/Irish Performer of the Year Nominated [64]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Breakout Movie Star Nominated [65]
Choice Summer Movie Actor Won
2018 Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [66]
Avengers: Infinity War Teen Choice Awards Choice Action Movie Actor Nominated [67]
2019 Spider-Man: Far From Home Teen Choice Awards Choice Summer Movie Actor Won [68]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [69]
People's Choice Awards Male Movie Star of 2019 Nominated [70]
Action Movie Star of 2019 Won

See also

Notes

  1. ^ As seen on his passport in Spider-Man: Far From Home.

References

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External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Peter Parker (Marvel Cinematic Universe)