Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani Express at Palanpur Jn.
|Service type||Connecting various state capitals with Delhi|
|First service||March 3, 1969|
|Current operator(s)||INDIAN RAILWAY|
|Class(es)||Executive Class Premium Class|
|Catering facilities||On-board catering|
|Observation facilities||Large windows|
|Entertainment facilities||Electric outlets |
|Rolling stock||LHB rakes|
|Track gauge||Indian Gauge|
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
|Operating speed||Maximum 130–140 km/h (81–87 mph)|
|Track owner(s)||Indian Railways|
The Rajdhani Express is a series of passenger train service in India operated by Indian Railways connecting the national capital New Delhi with the capitals or largest city of various states. The word Rajdhani has been derived from the Devanagri script, which means Capital in English. Apart from that the word Rajdhani means Capital in many languages as spoken in India. This series of trains regularly gets the highest priority in the Indian Railways network and is considered a prestigious and premium train.
In the Railway Budget of 1969-70, an introduction of a new superfast train was done which would connect Delhi to Kolkata in less than 18 hours. Until then, the fastest trains between these two cities usually took more than 18 hours. Thus, on 1 March 1969, the first Rajdhani Express left from New Delhi to Howrah at 1730 hrs and arrived at its destination at 1050 hrs on the next day, completing 1451 km in a record time of 17 hours 20 minutes. The return Rajdhani Express left Howrah Junction at 1700 hrs and arrived at New Delhi on its next day at 1020 hrs. The initial maximum speed of the Howrah Rajdhani Express was 100 km/hr. It was the only Rajdhani Express in India until 1972, when Indian Railways introduced another, the Bombay Rajdhani, now Mumbai Rajdhani Express, between Mumbai Central and New Delhi. Later on, with subsequent development of the tracks, other Rajdhani Expresses were introduced gradually, the latest Rajdhani Express as of now being the Mumbai CSMT–Hazrat Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express. However, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Mizoram, Uttrakhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur, Nagaland, and Punjab still do not have a Rajdhani Express terminating/originating from any of their major cities.
Rajdhani express gets the highest priority on the Indian railway network. They are fully air-conditioned. Passengers are served optional meals (food price included in the train fare) during the journey. Depending on the duration and timings of the journey, these could include morning tea, breakfast, lunch, high tea and dinner. All Rajdhani Express trains offer three classes of accommodation: AC First Class (1A) with 2-berth and 4-berth coupès (with locking facility for privacy), AC 2-tier (2T) with open bays (4 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay), provided with curtains for privacy, and AC 3-tier (3T) with open bays (6 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay) without curtains.
Currently there are 24 pairs of trains, connecting New Delhi to important cities across the country. These trains have fewer stops than other express trains and halt only at prominent stations. Recently Dynamic pricing has been introduced on all Rajdhani express trains.
|State||Terminal Station in Delhi||Train Name||Train No.||Distance||Average Speed||Inauguration|
|Assam||New Delhi||Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express (via Barauni)||12423/12424||2,434 km (1,512 mi)||75 km/h (47 mph)||1996|
|New Delhi||Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express (via Hajipur)||20505/20506||2,458 km (1,527 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||1999|
|New Delhi||Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express (via Muzzafarpur)||20503/20504||2,452 km (1,524 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||2010|
|Bihar||New Delhi||Patna Rajendra nagar Termius Rajdhani||12309/12310||1,005 km (624 mi)||82 km/h (51 mph)||1996|
|Chhattisgarh||New Delhi||Bilaspur Rajdhani||12441/12442||1,501 km (933 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2001|
|Goa||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Madgaon Rajdhani||22413/22414||2,094 km (1,301 mi)||71 km/h (44 mph)||2015|
|Gujarat||New Delhi||Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani||12957/12958||934 km (580 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||1998|
|Jammu and Kashmir||New Delhi||Jammu Tawi Rajdhani||12425/12426||582 km (362 mi)||64 km/h (40 mph)||1994|
|Jharkhand||New Delhi||Ranchi Rajdhani (via Bokaro)||20839/20840||1,305 km (811 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2001|
|New Delhi||Ranchi Rajdhani (via Daltonganj)||12453/12454||1,341 km (833 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||2006|
|Karnataka||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Bengaluru Rajdhani||22691/22692||2,365 km (1,470 mi)||70 km/h (43 mph)||1992|
|Kerala||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani||12431/12432||3,149 km (1,957 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||1993|
|Maharashtra||New Delhi||Mumbai Rajdhani||12951/12952||1,384 km (860 mi) km||88 km/h (55 mph)||1972|
|Hazrat Nizamuddin||August Kranti Rajdhani||12953/12954||1,377 km (856 mi)||83 km/h (52 mph)||1992|
|Hazrat Nizamuddin||Mumbai CSMT Rajdhani||22221/22222||1,535 km (954 mi)||86 km/h (53 mph)||2019|
|Odisha||New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Adra)||22811/22812||1,723 km (1,071 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||1994|
|New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Bokaro)||22823/22824||1,800 km (1,100 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2003|
|New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Rourkela )||20817/20818||1,914 km (1,189 mi)||71 km/h (44 mph)||2018|
|Tamil Nadu||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Chennai Rajdhani||12433/12434||2,175 km (1,351 mi)||77 km/h (48 mph)||1993|
|Telangana||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Secunderabad Rajdhani||12437/12438||1,661 km (1,032 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||2002|
|Tripura||Anand Vihar Terminal||Agartala Rajdhani||20501/20502||2,421 km (1,504 mi)||59 km/h (37 mph)||2017|
|West Bengal||New Delhi||Howrah Rajdhani (via Gaya)||12301/12302||1,447 km (899 mi)||85 km/h (53 mph)||1969|
|New Delhi||Howrah Rajdhani (via Patna)||12305/12306||1,530 km (950 mi)||79 km/h (49 mph)|
|New Delhi||Sealdah Rajdhani||12313/12314||1,453 km (903 mi)||82 km/h (51 mph)||2000|
- On 9 September 2002, At least 130 people were killed in an accident when the Howrah New Delhi Rajdhani derailed near Rafiganj, which was reportedly due to sabotage by a local Maoist terrorist group, the Naxalites. This is first Rajdhani train accident and one of the worst accident in Indian Railway.
- October 27, 2009, Bhubaneswar Rajdhani was hijacked by hundreds of armed activists of the Maoist-backed People's Committee against Police Atrocities (PCPA) who clambered on to the rail track waving red flags and forcing the train to stop at Banshtala halt near Jhargram in West Midnapore district. They didn't harmed the passengers and demanded the immediate release of their leader Chhatradhar Mahato. Almost five hours of drama came to an end with the Maoist-backed activists who had stalled the train, fleeing on the arrival of the CRPF.
- On 25 June 2014, at least four passengers were killed and eight injured when the New Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express derailed at Goldin Ganj station near Chapra in suspected sabotage by Maoists. The train was heading towards Dibrugarh.
- On the morning of 7th Sept 2017, at around 6.00 a.m. IST, a coach of the New Delhi-Ranchi Rajdhani Express derailed at the New Delhi station. According to railway spokesperson, no one was injured in the incident.
- A week later after Ranchi Rajdhani accident, On 14th Sept 2017, another Rajdahni derailed. It was reported that a coach of Jammu Tawi-New Delhi Rajdhani Express derailed on Thursday at the New Delhi Railway Station. But no one was injured in the incident. The incident took place around 6.00am when the train was entering the platform.
- On October 18, 2018, 2 coaches of Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani derailed at manned level crossing near Ratlam when a Truck collided with train due to brake failure. There were no injuries to train passengers but the truck driver was killed due to the collision. The Train continued journey after delay of 7 hours towards New Delhi.
- On 3 Apr 2019, Two Coaches of Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Uncoupled on the Kathjodi river bridge which is 2.5 km away from Cuttack. Immediately the loco pilot stopped the train, No one was hurt when the bogies separated. Senior officers from the Bhubaneswar coach maintenance depot thoroughly checked the bogies at Cuttack railway station. The affected bogies, B/3 and B/4, were joined and the train resumed its onward journey towards New Delhi having an hour delay but reached right on time.
- On 11 May 2019, A Fire Broke out at Generator Car of Bhubaneswar Rajdhani nearby Balasore, immediately railway staffs kept fire in under control, no casualties reported. The train continued journey having two hours delay.
- "Top 10 Highest Priority Trains of Indian Railways Network". WalkthroughIndia.com. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Highest Priority Trains of Indian Railways". erail.in. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Rajdhani Express and Duronto Express Trains". MakeMyTrip. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "List of all Rajdhani Express trains". etrain.info. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Rajdhani Express Trains - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- Rail Budget 1994-95
- Rail Budget 2003-04
- "Rajdhani Express derails near Chhapra in Bihar; Railway suspects 'sabotage'". timesofindia-economictimes. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Rajdhani Express coach derails at New Delhi Railway Station". timesofindia-indiatimes. Retrieved 14 September 2017.