A former Union Minister of State in the Government of India, he is the member of Parliament of India representing Bardhaman-Durgapur Lok Sabha constituency in West Bengal in the 17th Lok Sabha (2019-2024). Previously he was a Member of Parliament representing Bihar and Jharkhand in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, over several terms, 1986–1992, 1992–1998 (as a member of Congress), and with BJP in 2000–2006, and 2006–2012. He subsequently entered the Lok Sabha, winning the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections from Darjeeling.
He was earlier a member of the Indian National Congress. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha from Bihar in 1986 as a Congress member. Over the years of his career, he has held the posts of Minister for Urban Development, and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs in the Union Government headed by P. V. Narasimha Rao. He joined BJP in 1999.
He was Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha till 2012 when he lost his Rajya Sabha seat in the Jharkhand Rajya Sabha elections. He is at present a Member of the National Executive Committee of the BJP.
Ahluwalia is a lawyer by education.
Ahluwalia was a Member of Parliament from Rajya Sabha representing Bihar and Jharkhand in 1986-1992, 1992-1998, 2000–2006, and 2006-2012. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Darjeeling Parliamentary Constituency of West Bengal with active support of a local unrecognized party Gorkha Janmukti Morcha in May 2014.
He served as Minister of State for Urban Affairs and Employment (Department of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation) and Parliamentary Affairs in P V Narasimha Rao Cabinet from 15 September 1995 to 16 May 1996. He was Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha from June 2010 to May 2012. He was inducted into the Union Council of Ministers as a Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs on 5 July 2016.
- 1984 - 86 Member, the G.S. Dhillon Committee constituted by Government of India for providing relief and rehabilitation to the victims of the November 1984 riots in the country
- 1986 - 92 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Science and Technology Member, General Council of the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
- 1987 - 88 Member, Select Committee on Medical Council Bill
- April 2000 - 2001 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Agriculture
- Sept 2000 - Aug 2004 Member, Committee on Finance
- 2001 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Information Technology
- Aug 2001 - April 2006 and June 2006 onwards Member, Business Advisory Committee
- Jan 2002 - Feb. 2004 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
- Aug 2002 - Aug. 2004 Member, Committee on Information Technology
- Jan 2003 - July 2004 Member, Committee of Privileges
- Aug 2004 - April 2006 and May 2006 onwards Member, Committee on Home Affairs
- Aug 2004 - April 2006 and June 2006 onwards Member, House Committee
- Sept 2004 - Oct 2007 Member, National Monitoring Committee for Minorities Education
- Oct 2004 - 2006 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Finance
- June 2006 - Sept 2006 Member, Committee on Rules
- Sept 2006 onwards Member, Committee of Privileges
- April 2007 onwards Convenor, Sub-Committee on Civil Defence and Rehabilitation of J and K Migrants of the Committee on Home Affairs
- Sept 2007 onwards Member, Committee on Finance & Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
Speeches and other contributions in international forums
- 1989 - Attended the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) Human Rights Conference in Geneva, Switzerland as Alternate Leader of the Indian Delegation.
- Speech Transcripts from the Conference:
- Violation of Human Rights in the Occupied Arab Territories including Palestine Speech Transcript
- Right to Development Speech Transcript
- Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Speech Transcript
- Torture and Enforced Disappearances Speech Transcript
- Report of Sub-Commission Speech Transcript
- Freedom of Religion Speech Transcript
- 2002 - Attended the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York, USA as a Delegate.
- Speech Transcripts from the Conference:
- Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children Speech Transcript
- Social Development including questions relating to the World Speech Transcript
- Gender Equality, development and peace for the 21st Century Speech Transcript
- 2002 - Attended the International Parliamentarians Association for Information Technology (IPAIT) I Conference in Seoul, Korea as Chair of the Steering Committee and moderated over Theme 2. Joint Communiqué
- 2002 - Attended the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference in Windhoek, Namibia as Leader of the Indian Delegation. Speech Transcript
- 2008 - Attended the International Parliamentarians Association for Information Technology (IPAIT) VI Conference in Sofia, Bulgaria as Vice-President of IPAIT. Joint Communiqué[permanent dead link]
- 2010 - IPU: (i) Served as Reporteur in the First Standing Committee on Peace & International Security in the 109th Assembly of IPU in Geneva. (ii) Served as Vice-President of the Standing Committee on Democracy and Human Rights in the 122nd IPU Assembly in Bangkok, Thailand.
- 2012 April - Farewell speech in the Rajya Sabha upon his retirement. on YouTube
Joint Parliamentary Committees (JPC)
- Aug 1992 - Member of Joint Parliamentary Committee to inquire into Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions
- April 2001 - Member of Joint Parliamentary Committee on Stock Market Scam and matters relating thereto
- August 2003 - Member of Joint Parliamentary Committee on pesticide residues in food products and safety standards for soft drinks, fruit juices and other beverages
- JPC on Pesticide residue in soft drinks
- Report on Pesticide residue in soft drinks
- March 2011 - Member of Joint Parliamentary Committee to probe the irregular allocation of 2G Spectrum
- June 2015 - Chairman, Joint Committee of Parliament to look into provisions of Land Acquisition Amendment Bill 2015
- "As it happened: New portfolios after Modi's cabinet reshuffle". Hindustantimes.com. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Members : Lok Sabha". 22.214.171.124. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Most Viewed Business News Articles, Top News Articles". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Election LIVE: BJP's third candidate list out, Ram Kripal to contest from Patliputra against Lalu's daughter". Indianexpress.com. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Ahluwalia, Shri S.S."
- "Darjeeling may not be 'safe' for BJP Vice President Mr S S Ahluwalia". Economic Times. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Portfolio of Modi government ministers: S S Ahluwalia given agriculture and farmers welfare, parliamentary affairs department", The Financial Express, 5 July 2016
- "GJMM celebrates victory, SS Ahluwali the new Darjeeling MP". Darjeelingtimes.com. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Modi Cabinet reshuffle: S S Ahluwalia is a man known for speaking his mind". Indianexpress.com. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Vijay Goel, S S Ahluwalia bounce back in Modi govt". Thehindustantimes.com. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Union Council of Ministers expanded with 19 new Ministers of State". Pmindia.gov.in. Retrieved 8 August 2018.