|Founder||George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||0|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
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The Samta Party (SAP) is a political party in India, initially formed in 1994 by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar. Brahmanand Mandal, Uday Mandal and N.A. Khoan were the initial leaders of the party. It was an offshoot of the Janata Dal, with the alleged casteism of the parent party being the reason given for the split. The party has socialist leanings, and at one point wielded considerable political and social influence in North India, particularly in Bihar. In 2003, the bulk of the party merged with the Janata Dal (United), but a small breakaway faction led by Brahmanand Mandal, and Raghunath Jha continues to function under the name of the Samta Party.
In the general elections of 1996, the Samta Party formed an alliance with the Bharatiya Janta Party and won eight seats, six of which were in Bihar and one each in Uttar Pradesh and Odisha. Before the election, the party was largely rooted only in Bihar. In the 1998 general elections, again in alliance with Bharatiya Janta Party, it won twelve seats, ten from Bihar and two from Uttar Pradesh.
In March 2000, Nitish Kumar was elected leader of the NDA for Chief Minister of Bihar post. On March 3, he, sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar for the first time at the behest of the Vajpayee Government in the center. NDA and allies had 151 MLA whereas Lalu Prasad Yadav had 159 MLA in 324 member house. Both alliances where lees then the majority mark that is 163. Nithish resigned before the could not prove his numbers in the house.
Radhabinod Koijam became the second chief minister from Samta Party when was sworn in as Chief Minister of Manipur on 15 February 2001. The government was however, short-lived. The coalition he was leading fell in May the same year.
Merger with Janata Dal (United)
A faction led by then Chief Minister of Karnataka J. H. Patel had lent support to the National Democratic Alliance, leading to the split in the Janata Dal leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda, who wanted to remain equidistant from both national parties; and Janata Dal under Sharad Yadav was called Janata Dal (United).
In October 2003, George Fernandes, the president of the party, announced that the party would be merging with the Janata Dal (United). The Janata Dal (United) was part of the ruling coalition in the National Democratic Alliance. One minority part in the party led by Brahmanand Mandal refused to go along with the merger. The Election Commission of India decided that the merger was not technically complete and so a faction was allowed to function under the name of Samata Party in the leadership of Brahmanand Mandal.
Return of George Fernandes
It was reported that George Fernandes was angry with Nitish Kumar as Sharad Yadav was elected as the party president of JD(U) and he believed that this humiliation had been engineered by Nitish Kumar. It was also reported that there were indications that Fernandes may revive the Samata Party as he felt that the rank and file of the party had been ignored following the party's merger with JD(U). George Fernandes returned to the party in 2007.
In the 2009 general elections for the 14th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), it had contested in 11 seats and was defeated in all of them. It had secured a total of 31324 votes which was only 0.02 percent of the total number of votes cast in that state. For the Lok Sabha elections of 2014, the Samata Party decided to forgo any alliance, stating that it would not ally with the Congress at any cost.
Lok Sabha (Lower House)
|Lok Sabha Term||Indian
|% of votes in|
|11th Lok Sabha||1996||81||8||72,56,086||2.2%|
|12th Lok Sabha||1998||57||12||64,91,639||1.8%|
|14th Lok Sabha||2004||40||0||2,01,276||0.1%|
|15th Lok Sabha||2009||11||0||0.0%|
|16th Lok Sabha||2014||10||0||0.0%|
Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)
|Vidhan Sabha Term||State||
List of Chief Ministers
|Term of office||Tenure length||Party||State||Assembly|
|1||Nitish Kumar||3 March 2000||10 March 2000||7 days||Samta Party||Bihar||12th Assembly|
|2||Radhabinod Koijam||15 February 2001||1 June 2001||106 days||Samta Party||Manipur||8th Assembly|
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