|14th Chief Minister of Assam|
|Assumed office |
24 May 2016
|Governor||Banwarilal Purohit |
|Preceded by||Tarun Gogoi|
|Member of the Assam Legislative Assembly|
|Assumed office |
1 June 2016
|Preceded by||Rajib Lochan Pegu|
2001 – 2004
|Preceded by||Joy Chandra Nagbanshi|
|Succeeded by||Jibantara Ghatowar|
|Union Minister of Youth Affairs & Sports|
26 May 2014 – 23 May 2016
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Jitendra Singh|
|Succeeded by||Dr. Jitendra Singh|
|Minister of State for Entrepreneurship and Skill Development|
26 May 2014 – 9 November 2014
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Rajiv Pratap Rudy|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
5 June 2014 – 23 May 2016
|Preceded by||Ranee Narah|
|Succeeded by||Pradan Baruah|
13 May 2004 – 15 May 2009
|Preceded by||Paban Singh Ghatowar|
|Succeeded by||Paban Singh Ghatowar|
|Born||31 October 1962|
Dibrugarh, Assam, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party (2011-present)|
|National Democratic Alliance (2011-present)|
Asom Gana Parishad (2001-11)
|Alma mater||Dibrugarh Hanumanbax Surajmall Kanoi College , Dibrugarh University (BA)|
Gauhati University (LLB)
Sarbananda Sonowal (Assamese: [xɔɹbanɔndɔxʊnʊwal]) (born 31 October 1962) is an Indian politician and current Chief Minister of Assam, Sonowal also served as the Union Minister for Sports and Youth Affairs, Government of India. He was elected as the Chief Minister of Assam in 2016 .
He was elected to the 16th Lok Sabha from the Lakhimpur Lok Sabha constituency in Assam as a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He has previously served as the president for BJP Assam, and is also a National Executive Member of the party. Sonowal was the president of the All Assam Students Union from 1992 to 1999. Until January 2011, he was a member of the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) political party but later joined the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Early life and education
Sarbananda Sonowal was born on 31 October 1962 in Muluk Gaon located in the Dibrugarh district of Assam to Jibeswar Sonowal and Dineswari Sonowal. He completed his BA(Hons) in English from Dibrugarh Hanumanbax Surajmall Kanoi College under Dibrugarh University and his LLB from Gauhati University.
Sarbananda Sonowal was the President of Assam's oldest student body, the All Assam Students Union from 1992 to 1999. After that, he became a member of the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP). In 2001, he was elected the MLA from Moran constituency of Assam. In 2004, he became a Lok Sabha member representing Dibrugarh constituency and continued to be so till 2009 before joining the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2011.
In 2014 general election for Lok Sabha he was appointed to head State's 16th Lok Sabha Elections Assam by Bharatiya Janata Party, and in the same year he was also elected as Member of Parliament, 16th Lok Sabha from Lakhimpur Constituency, he was then appointed as Union Minister of State-Independent Charge, of the Government of India under the Modi Government at the centre.
He was selected as the CM candidate of BJP for the 2016 Assam Assembly Election. On 19 May 2016, Sarbananda Sonowal won the Assembly Election from Majuli Constituency making himself the next Chief Minister of Assam from Bharatiya Janata Party .
Sarbananda Sonowal resigned from all executive posts within AGP and left the party, due to dissatisfaction with and amongst the senior leadership of the party who were trying to forge an alliance with a party that was against the scrapping of the controversial IMDT Act. On 8 February 2011, Sonowal joined BJP in the presence of the then BJP National President Nitin Gadkari and senior leaders like Varun Gandhi, Vijay Goel, Bijoya Chakravarty and state BJP president Ranjit Dutta. He was immediately appointed as a member of the BJP National Executive and later on the State Spokesperson of the BJP unit, prior to his current assignment to head the state as the new president. On 28 January 2016, BJP Parliamentary Board announced Sarbananda Sonowal as BJP Chief Ministerial candidate of Assam. He is not married.
- 2001-2004: Elected as MLA, Assam Legislative Assembly from Moran Constituency
- 2004: Elected as Member of Parliament, 14th Lok Sabha from Dibrugarh Constituency
- 2005: Appointed Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs
- 2006: Appointed Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Commerce & Industry
- 2011: Appointed as National Executive Member of Bharatiya Janata Party
- 2011: Appointed as State Spokesperson and General Secretary for Assam Bharatiya Janata Party
- 2012: Appointed as State President for Assam Bharatiya Janata Party
- 2014: Appointed to head State's 16th Lok Sabha Elections Assam Bharatiya Janata Party
- 2014: Elected as Member of Parliament, 16th Lok Sabha from Lakhimpur Constituency
- 2014: Appointed as Union Minister of State-Independent Charge, Republic of India
- 2016: Declared as BJP Chief minister candidate for 2016 Assam assembly elections.
- 2016: Member of Assam Legislative Assembly from Majuli Constituency
- 2016–Present: 14th Chief Minister of Assam
Social and cultural activities
- President - All Assam Students Union, 1992–1999
- Chairman - North East Students Organisation, 1996–2000
Arts & culture
The annual Guwahati International Film Festival was started during his tenure. It is organised by the State Government-owned Jyoti Chitraban (Film Studio) Society in association with the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Regional Government Film and Television Institute. The first edition was held in Oct 2018. The second, in Oct-Nov 2019. The 3rd edition has been postponed owing to the present COVID-19 pandemic to early 2021.
Role removing the IMDT Act
Faced with the problem of massive migration from Bangladesh into Assam, the government tried to put up legislation in place to detect and deport foreign nationals. Eventually, the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act, 1983 (IMDT Act) came into being following the Assam Accord signed between the Government of India and the All Assam Students Union (AASU) to end the decade-long anti-foreigner agitation.
The IMDT Act is an instrument passed by Indian Parliament when there was no MP elected from Assam, to detect illegal immigrants (from Bangladesh) and expel them from Assam. While the IMDT Act operates only in Assam, the Foreigners Act (1946) applies to the rest of the country. It is applicable to those Bangladeshi nationals who settled in Assam on or after 25 March 1971. Under the Act, the onus of proving the citizenship of a suspected illegal alien rests on the complainant, often the police. On the other hand, according to the provisions of the Foreigners Act, the onus lies with the person suspected to be an alien.
Sonowal took the issue of Bangladeshi infiltration to the Supreme Court. By its judgement dated 12 July 2005, the court struck down the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act, 1983, as unconstitutional and termed Bangladeshi infiltration an "external aggression" and directed that "the Bangladesh nationals who have illegally crossed the border and have trespassed into Assam or are living in other parts of the country have no legal right of any kind to remain in India and they are liable to be deported."
- PTI (22 May 2016). "Sarbananda Sonowal resigns as Union Minister". The Financial Express. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Assam Legislative Assembly - Chief Minister of Assam". assamassembly.nic.in. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
- "Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers". PM India. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "Ballotin: Eye on Dispur". 16 March 2016.
- Biswas, Bivekananda (26 December 2015). "Not against Muslims, only illegal migrants: Sarbananda Sonowal". Business Standard India.
- "Ahead of polls, polarisation".
- Mohan, Archis (27 May 2014). "Modi does a balancing act". Business Standard India – via Business Standard.
- "In Assam, the Congress spars with BJP over its chief ministerial candidate's past". web|url=http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110209/jsp/northeast/story_13555243.jsp%7Ctitle=The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) - Northeast - BJP is not communal, says Sonowal|publisher=}}
- "सर्बानंद सोनोवाल 1478". Hindustan Dainik.
- "Sarbananda Sonowal". The Indian Express. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Assam influx: Scrapping of IMDT Act brought AIUDF's Badruddin Ajmal into politics as saviour of minorities".
- "BJP departs from practice, names Sarbananda Sonowal as Assam CM candidate". The Economic Times. 28 January 2016.
- "असम में कांग्रेस का 15 वर्षों का राज खत्म करने वाले सोनोवाल से जुड़ी 15 बातें". https://m.aajtak.in. External link in
- "Sarbananda Sonowal takes over as Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports".
- "Minister of State (Independent Charge): Sarbananda Sonowal".
- "Ahead of Assam elections, BJP names Sarbananda Sonowal as CM candidate - Firstpost". 28 January 2016.
- "Promising Assam Leader Sarbananda Sonowal in Cabinet". Retrieved 6 June 2014.