Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan

Sheikh of Abu Dhabi

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Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
PredecessorDhiyab bin Isa Al Nahyan
SuccessorMohammed bin Shakhbut (1st rule) Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (2nd rule)
BornLiwa Oasis (now Abu Dhabi, UAE)[citation needed]
IssueMuhammad bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
Khalifa bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
Sultan bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
Hilal bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
Yafoor bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
HouseAl Nahyan family
FatherDhiyab bin Isa Al Nahyan

Sheikh Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan was the Ruler of Abu Dhabi (1795–1816),[1] now part of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Political career

Shakbut's father, Dhiyab bin Isa, had sent a hunting party from Liwa in 1761 which tracked a gazelle to a brackish spring on the island. Dhiyab ordered Shakbut to move to the island in 1793; he did, and built a village and fort there near a freshwater spring.[2] The fort, Qasr Al-Hosn, became the palace of the sheikhs.[2] It housed the Centre for Documentation and Research for several years, and is now a museum.[3] By Shakhbut's reign, Abu Dhabi had expanded to some 400 houses.[1]


He was followed by his sons Mohammed bin Shakhbut (ruled 1816–1818) Tahnun bin Shakhbut (ruled 1818–1833) Khalifa bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (ruled 1833–1845), but co-ruled throughout all their reigns.[1] Hilal and Yafoor are identified as his sons in the 1845 Memoranda on the Tribes of the Arabian Shores of the Persian Gulf of Lieutenant AB Kembal, Assistant Resident at Bushire.[4]


He has been described as legendary, and having a notable amount of sons.[5] He was deposed by his son.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Low, Charles Rathbone (1992). History of the Indian Navy (1613-1863) Vol 1. [Farnham Common, Slough, England]: Archive Editions. p. 16. ISBN 1852073365. OCLC 47007671. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "UAE museum: Qasr Al Hosn in Abu Dhabi". Gulf News. 2 November 2008. Archived from the original on 12 February 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  3. ^ "Dubaifaqs". Dubaifaqs. 22 April 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Arabian Gulf Intelligence. Oleander. 1985. p. 103. ISBN 9781909349964.
  5. ^ "SHEIKH SHAKHBUT AND THE GREAT DECLINE" (PDF). Retrieved 8 July 2016.
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