Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan

Emirati politician

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Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan
الشيخ سلطان بن زايد 19-1-1961.jpg
Sheikh Shakhbut in 1961
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
Reign1928–1966
PredecessorSaqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan
SuccessorZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Born(1905-06-01)1 June 1905
Died11 February 1989(1989-02-11) (aged 84)
Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Spouses
  • Sheikha Fakhera bint Hazza Al Nahyan
  • Mariam bint Rashid Al Otaiba[1]
Issue2 sons and 4 daughters
HouseAl Nahyan family
FatherSultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
MotherSalama bint Butti Al-Qubaisi

Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic: شخبوط بن سلطان آل نهيان; 1 June 1905 – 11 February 1989) was the ruler of Abu Dhabi from 1928 to 1966.

Early life

Shakbut was born in 1905.[2] He was the eldest son of Sultan bin Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. His mother was Sheikha Salama bint Butti.[1][3]

Reign

Sheikh Shakhbut succeeded his uncle Sheikh Saqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan in 1928, becoming the ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi. During his reign, he adopted an aggressively mercantilist strategy, keeping his reserves in gold.[4] His reign lasted until 6 August 1966 when he was deposed in a bloodless coup by the British-led Trucial Oman Scouts to the benefit of his brother Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.[5] The primary reason for the fact that he was revolted against was that he refused to spend the royalties from oil sales.[6]

Personal life

His first wife was his first cousin, Sheikha Fakhera bint Hazza Al Nahyan, who was also the mother of all his children. They had two sons, Saeed and Sultan, both of them died in their youth while living in exile with their father. Saeed married to the daughter of Sheikh Zayed in Buraimi in 1963.[7] Their descendants are living in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. In addition to his two sons, Sheikh Shakbut also had four daughters, Osha, Mozah, Qoot and Rawdha. His second wife was Mariam[7] bint Rashid Al Otaiba. And was later exiled to Iran under his brother's orders, housed by Sheikh Abdulkarim Al-Faisali of the Banu tamim clan.

Honours

On 24 April 1966 King Hussein awarded him the Nahda Order, then highest Jordanian award.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Bushra Alkaff Al Hashemi (27 February 2013). "Memories of a simpler time". The National. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  2. ^ Michael Quentin Morton (2013). "Thesiger And The Oilmen: A Dilemma Of Oil Exploration In Southern Arabia, 1930–1955" (PDF). Oil Industry History. 14 (1): 1–14.[dead link]
  3. ^ Uzi Rabi (2006). "Oil Politics and Tribal Rulers in Eastern Arabia: The Reign of Shakhbut (1928– 1966)" (PDF). British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 33 (1): 37–50. doi:10.1080/13530190600603832. S2CID 145543142. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  4. ^ Katharina Pistor; Kyle Hatton (2011). "Maximizing Autonomy in the Shadow of Great Powers: The Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds". Columbia Public Law & Legal Theory. Working Papers. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  5. ^ Helene von Bismarck (29 March 2013). British Policy in the Persian Gulf, 1961-1968: Conceptions of Informal Empire. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-137-32673-7.
  6. ^ Douglas Martin (3 November 2004). "Zayed bin Sultan, Gulf Leader and Statesman, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  7. ^ a b c Miriam Joyce (1999). "On the road towards unity: the Trucial states from a British perspective, 1960–66". Middle Eastern Studies. 35 (2): 45–60. doi:10.1080/00263209908701266.
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Born: 1905 Died: 1989
Regnal titles
Preceded by Ruler of Abu Dhabi
1928–1966
Succeeded by

External links


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