|Princess Royal of Thailand |
Princess Sirindhorn in 2016
|Born||2 April 1955|
Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall
Dusit Palace, Bangkok, Thailand
|House||Mahidol (Chakri dynasty)|
|Father||Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)|
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Thai: มหาจักรีสิรินธร, Thai pronunciation: [mā.hǎː t͡ɕàk.krīː sì.rīn.tʰɔ̄ːn]; RTGS: Maha Chakkri Sirinthon; born 2 April 1955), formerly Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda Kitivadhanadulsobhak (Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกเธอ เจ้าฟ้าสิรินธรเทพรัตนสุดา กิติวัฒนาดุลโสภาคย์; RTGS: Sirinthontheppharattanasuda Kitiwatthanadunlasophak), is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and younger sister of King Vajiralongkorn.[a]
Thais commonly refer to her as "Phra Thep" (Thai: พระเทพ), meaning "princess angel". Her title in Thai is the female equivalent of the title once held by her brother, King Maha Vajiralongkorn. The Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession, thus making her eligible for the throne.
Sirindhorn was born on 2 April 1955 at Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, Dusit Palace. The third child of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit. As the royal couple has only one son, the Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession. This made Sirindhorn second-in-line to the throne (after Vajiralongkorn) until the birth of Princess Bajrakitiyabha in 1978.
In December 2012, Sirindhorn was briefly hospitalised to remove calcium deposits.
She ranked first in the National School Examinations in primary level (grade 7) in 1967, in upper secondary level (grade 12) in 1972, and fourth in the National University Entrance Examination in 1975.
From 1976 she continued her studies in two graduate programs concurrently, obtaining a Master of Arts in Oriental epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) in 1980 and also archaeology from Silpakorn University and in 1980. From October 1977, she studied Sanskrit in Bangkok for two years under the tutelage of renowned Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri. In 1978, she obtained a Master of Arts in Pali and Sanskrit from Chulalongkorn University.
Works and interests
Aside from her passion for technology, she holds degrees in history and a doctorate in educational development. She teaches at the history department of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, where she is the nominal head of the department. In addition to Thai, she speaks fluent English, French and Mandarin Chinese, and is currently studying German and Latin. She translates Chinese literature into Thai.
She is also a skilled performer and avid promoter of Thai traditional music.
The University of Liverpool introduced a prestigious new scholarship in honour of Sirindhorn. One full scholarship will be awarded annually to enable a Thai student to study at Liverpool to complete a one-year taught Masters programme. The scholarship is open to all subjects in which a one-year taught Masters programme is offered; however, priority will be given to those students who wish to study in a subject area associated with Princess Sirindhorn such as science, information technology, medicine, the arts, geography, history, and languages. To be eligible for the scholarship, applicants must be a Thai national and already hold an offer to study a one-year taught Masters programme at the University of Liverpool.
Titles, styles, honours and awards
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 2 April 1955 – 5 December 1977: Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda
- 5 December 1977 - 5 May 2019: Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the Princess Royal of Thailand
- 5 December 1977 – 5 May 2019: Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakarapiyajati Sayam Boromrajakumari
- 5 May 2019 - present: Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess Debaratanarajasuda, the Princess Royal of Thailand
- 5 May 2019 – present: Somdech Phra Kanishthadhiraj Chao Krom Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Maha Vajiralongkorn Vararajabhakti Sirikicakarini Biryabadhana Rathasimagunakarapiyajati Sayam Boromrajakumari
Volunteer Defense Corps of Thailand rank
- Professor of Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy
- Professor of Srinakharinwirot University
- Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of the Nine Gems
- Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the White Elephant
- Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Crown
- Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Member of the Royal Decoration King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Member of the Royal Decoration King Vajiralongkorn
- Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Rajaruchi Royal Medal
- Recipient of the Freemen Safeguarding Medal, First Class
- Recipient of the Dushdi Mala Medal
- Recipient of the Border Service Medal
- Recipient of the Chakra Mala Medal
- Recipient of the Boy Scout Citation Medal, First Class
- Recipient of the Red Cross Medal of Appreciation, First Class
- Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Silver Jubilee Medal
- Recipient of the Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn Investiture Medal
- Recipient of the Bicentennial Medal of the Rattanakosin Kingdom
- Recipient of the 50th Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Recipient of the 84th Birthday Medal of Princess Mother Srinagarindra
- Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Recipient of the Longest Reign Commemorative Medal
- Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Golden Jubilee Medal
- Recipient of the 6th Cycle Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Recipient of the 72nd Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Recipient of the 7th Cycle Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn
- Recipient of the Commemorative Medal on the Occasion of the Coronation of H.M. King Rama X
- Grand Cross of the Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (Thai: เครื่องอิสริยาภรณ์กิติคุณแห่งสาธารณรัฐออสเตรีย)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Most Esteemed Family Order of Brunei
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog
- Commander of Order of Academic Palms, 1st Class
- Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Grand Cordon (Paulownia) of the Order of the Precious Crown
- North Korea:
- Grand Officer of the Order of the National Flag, 1st Class
- South Korea:
- Nepalese Royal Family:
- Member of the Royal Order of Ojaswi Rajanya
- Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim
- United Kingdom:
- Honorary Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- Austria: International Union of Nutritional Sciences Award
- China: Chinese Language and Culture Friendship Award
- Chinese Literature Foundation of Chinese Writers Association: Understanding and Friendship International Literature Award
- India: Indira Gandhi Prize
- India: World Sanskrit Award
- Philippines: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service
- University of Pennsylvania: International Education Leadership Award
- Chulalongkorn University: Veterinary Medicine
- Mahidol University: Biomedical Engineering
- Mahidol University: Cultural Studies
- Mahidol University: Dentistry
- Mahidol University: Technology of Environmental Management
- Mahidol University: Medical Technology
- Mahidol University: Medicine
- Mahidol University: Nursing Science
- Mahidol University: Nutrition
- Mahidol University: Pharmaceutical Science
- Mahidol University: Public Health
- Navamindradhiraj University: Nursing Science
- Srinakharinwirot University: Pharmacy
- Thammasat University: Chinese Studies of Humane Letters
- Thammasat University: Environmental Science
- Thammasat University: Technology
- Chiang Mai University: Geography
- Chiang Mai University: Thai language
- Chiang Mai University: Botany
- Asian Institute of Technology: Technology
- Burapha University: Public Health
- Burapha University: Information Technology
- Burapha University: Chinese language
- Suranaree University of Technology: Physics
- Khon Kaen University: Agriculture
- Prince of Songkla University: Agriculture
- Ubon Ratchathani University: Geography
- Japan - Tokai University: Engineering
- Philippines - University of the Philippines Los Baños: Law
- United States:
- California - Pomona College: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Indiana - Indiana University Bloomington: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Illinois - Northern Illinois University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Maryland - Johns Hopkins University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Massachusetts - Bay Path University: Doctor of Humane Letters
A number of academic and research institutions in Thailand are named after her:
- Princess Sirindhorn's College, Mueang Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Pathom Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
- Mahachakri Sirindhorn and Boromrajkumari Building, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.
- Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Music Library, Mahidol University, Bangkok
- Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University, Bangkok.
- Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Natural History Museum, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai Campus, Hat Yai, Songkhla Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University, Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a Galactic cosmic ray detector at Thailand's highest mountain, Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Onkarak Campus, Nakhon Nayok Province
- Princess Maha Chakri Award Foundation
- Sirindhorn Technology and Culture Exchange Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing, China.
- Mianyang Xianfenglu Sirindhorn Primary School, Mianyang, Sichuan, China.
- Amphoe Sirindhorn of Ubon Ratchathani Province
- Sirindhorn Dam stops the Dom Noi River in Sirindhorn, Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- Sirindhorn Museum (Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Museum), Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Research Center, Sahatsakhan, Kalasin Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University
- Princess Sirindhorn Stadium, is a sports stadium in Si Racha, Chonburi Province.
Several fauna species are named after her, including:
- Eurochelidon sirintarae (Princess Sirindhorn bird or white-eyed river martin), a critically endangered swallow first described in 1968.
- Phricotelphusa sirindhorn (panda crab). It was described in Crustaceana in 1989.
- Phuwiangosaurus sirindhornae, a sauropod herbivore dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous period. It was described in 1994.
- Sirindhorna khoratensis, a hadrosauroid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous. It was described in 2015.
- Acanthosquilla sirindhorn (panda mantis shrimp). It was described in Crustaceana in 1995.
- Tarsius sirindhornae, an ancient primate.
- Streptocephalus sirindhornae, a freshwater fairy shrimp. It was described in the Journal of Crustacean Biology in 2000.
- Macrobrachium sirindhorn, a freshwater prawn. It was described in Crustaceana in 2001.
- Trigona sirindhornae, a bee.
- Sirindhorn thailandiensis (princess moth).
- Loxosomatoides sirindhornae, a freshwater kamptozoan. It was described in Hydrobiologia in 2005.
Numerous plant species have been named after her:
- Sirindhornia spp., orchids:
- Sirindhornia pulchella can only be seen in Doi Chiang Dao National Park, blooming from April to June.
- Sirindhornia mirabilis can only be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province, blooming during May and June.
- Sirindhornia monophyla can be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province from March to June, as well in Myanmar and China.
- Other plant species include:
- Bauhinia sirindhorniae (sam sip song pra dong), a vine of the pea family. It was described in the Nordic Journal of Botany in 1997.
- Magnolia sirindhorniae (Princess Sirindhorn's magnolia)
- Thepparatia thailandica Phuph. or Khruea thepparat malvaceae. Thepparat is a part of her royal title. It was described in the Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) in 2006.
- Impatiens sirindhorniae Triboun & Suksathan, 2009. It was described in Gardens' Bulletin Singapore.
- *From 5 December 1977 to 5 May 2019, her full ceremonial title was Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (Thai: สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari).
After Vajiralongkorn's coronation, Sirindhorn was invested of the title Somdech Phra Kanishthadhiraj Chao Krom Somdech Phra Debaratnarajsuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Maha Vajiralongkorn Vorarajbhakti Sirikitchakarinibirayabadhana Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (Thai: สมเด็จพระกนิษฐาธิราชเจ้า กรมสมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร มหาวชิราลงกรณวรราชภักดี สิริกิจการิณีพีรยพัฒน รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Kanitthathirat Chao Krom Somdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Maha Wachiralongkon Woraratchaphakdi Siri Kitcha Karini Phirayaphat Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari).
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn"
- "Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn's Activities". Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Backman, Michael, "Thai riches hinged on wise king's prodigal son" The Age, 28 June 2006.
- Kershaw, Roger (2001), Monarchy in South East Asia: The faces of tradition in transition, Routledge, p. 153
- McCargo, Duncan (2010), "Thailand", Regional Oulook: Southeast Asia 2010-2011, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, p. 55
- "Princess Sirindhorn leaves hospital". Bangkok Post. December 27, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- Sut.ac, education information Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- Pattayamail, more education information
- Wiriyapong, Nareerat (October 16, 2017). "Scholar for life". Bangkok Post. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- Asian Institute of Technology, degree information
- Peking University, scholarship and award information Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1124. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "China Focus: 42 individuals awarded national medals, honorary titles - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- Print Release
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan".
- "PRESIDENT.MN". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Hilal-E-Pakistan: Thai princess honoured". The Express Tribune. March 21, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "President confers hilal-e-pakistan upon princess maha chakri sirindhorn of Thailand urges for taking pak- thai bilateral ties to new heights - Pakistan Press International". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Word doc, award and position information
- 张锐. "Thai princess visits China publishing house". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "The Hindu : National : Kalam presents Indira Gandhi peace prize to Thai princess". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. "1991 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service". rmaf.org.ph. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- "CHIANG MAI UNIVERSITY, THAILAND". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Administrative User (January 7, 2013). "Celentano Awarded with Honorary Doctorate". Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn to preside over AIT Day 2010". Asian Institute of Technology. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HKU Honorary Graduates - Graduate Detail". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Princess of Thailand Visited Peking University_Peking University". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "TOKAI News - Tokai Univ". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- The University of the Philippines conferred an honoris causa L.L.D. for her achievements as a global leader in sustaining rural and agricultural development and in promoting education and science to improve the lives of farming communities in Asia and the world. Archived August 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand Receives Honorary Degree From Pomona College". Pomona College in Claremont, California - Pomona College. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "IU to present honorary degrees to Thai princess and surgeon general of the Navy". IU News Room: Indiana University. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HRH Princess Sirindhorn gets royal NIU welcome". The Nation. September 19, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "JHU Honorary Degrees Awarded". Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- "Bay Path College graduates told to accept change". masslive.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Thai Princess Sirindhorn ReceivesTitle of Friendship Ambassador_学汇乐手机网博客". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University - Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Naiyanetr, Phaibul (1995). "Acanthosquilla sirindhorn n. sp., a New Mantis Shrimp From Thailand (Stomatopoda, Nannosquillidae)". Crustaceana. 68 (4): 409–417. doi:10.1163/156854095X00629. JSTOR 20105069.
- Chaimanee, Y.; Lebrun, R.; Yamee, C.; Jaeger, J.-J. (2010). "A new Middle Miocene tarsier from Thailand and the reconstruction of its orbital morphology using a geometric-morphometric method". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 278 (1714): 1956–1963. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2062. PMC 3107645. PMID 21123264.
- Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) Archived February 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn’s Personal Affairs Division
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn", at Kanchanapisek Network
- Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Thai Heritage Conservation
- The Forest Herbarium
- Scholarship Website Information
SirindhornBorn: 2 April 1955
|Lines of succession|
| Line of succession to the Thai throne
4th in line
The Princess Srisavangavadhana
|Order of precedence|
| Thai order of precedence
The Princess Royal
The Princess Srisavangavadhana