Southern Military District

part of the armed forces of the Russian Federation

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Southern Military District
Южный военный округ
Great emblem of the Southern Military District.svg
Emblem of the Southern Military District
Founded22 October 2010
Country Russia
TypeMilitary district
Part ofBanner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Russian Armed Forces
HeadquartersBudennovsky Prospekt 43, Rostov-on-Don[1]
DecorationsOrder of the Red Banner
Order of Suvorov
Commanders
Current
commander
Army General Aleksandr Dvornikov
Insignia
FlagFlag of Southern Military District.png
Headquarters of the district at 53 Pushkinskaya Street / 43 Budenovsky avenue, Rostov-on-Don

The Southern Military District (Russian: Южный военный округ) is a military district of Russia.

It is one of the five military districts of the Russian Armed Forces, with its jurisdiction primarily within the North Caucasus region of the country, and Russian bases in South Caucasian post-Soviet states. The Southern Military District was created as part of the 2008 military reforms, and founded by Presidential Decree №1144 signed on September 20, 2010, to replace the North Caucasus Military District, and absorbing the military commands of the Black Sea Fleet and Caspian Flotilla.[2][3] The district began operation on October 22, 2010, under the command of Colonel-General Aleksandr Galkin.

The Southern Military District is the smallest military district in Russia by geographic size. The district contains 151 federal subjects of Russia: Adygea, Astrakhan Oblast, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar Krai, North Ossetia-Alania, Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, Volgograd Oblast, and since the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Crimea and Sevastopol.[3]

The Southern Military District is headquartered in Rostov-on-Don, and its current district commander is Colonel General (later Army General) Aleksandr Dvornikov, who has held the position since 20 September 2016.[4]

History

The Southern Military District was formed on 22 October 2010, according to Presidential Decree of 20 September 2010 № 1144 "On the Military Administrative Division Of the Russian Federation" the Southern Military District was created along with two other new larger military districts: the Central Military District and the Eastern Military District.[2] By order of then Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, on 22 July 2010, interim commanders were named for the new military districts. Thus, the new position of commander of the Southern Military District, was Lieutenant-General Aleksandr Galkin, former Commander of the North Caucasus Military District, with Major-General Nikolai Pereslegin as the chief of staff for the district. Galkin was later promoted to Colonel General soon after his appointment as district commander.

The Southern Military District also features two Russian military bases in Armenia: the 102nd Military Base in Gyumri, and the 3624th Air Base at the civil-military Erebuni Airport in the capital Yerevan, under the joint control of Armenian and Russian authorities.

In April 2014, Crimea and Sevastopol were added to the Southern Military District following the 2014 Crimean crisis in Ukraine, when they were annexed by Russia. The legal status of Crimea (as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea) and the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute: Ukraine and the majority of the international community considers them an integral part of Ukraine, while Russia considers them an integral part of Russia, with Crimea (as the Republic of Crimea) and Sevastopol approved as federal subjects of Russian Federation.[5]

In 2016, the District was 98% staffed by contract servicemen.[6]

In November 2020, following the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, Russian military peacekeepers were deployed to Nagorno-Karabakh for securing the Lachin corridor and along the line of contact for at least five years. A military base was set up with its headquarters at Stepanakert and is part of the Southern Military District commanded by First deputy commander of the military district Lieutenant General Rustam Muradov.[7] He was replaced by Deputy military district commander Lieutenant General Alexey Avdeev on 13 May 2021.[8]

District organization

Branch Ministry of Defense Russian Federation in Simferopol

As part of the larger reorganisation, the 49th Army reformed with its headquarters seemingly in the former Institute of Communications of the Strategic Rocket Forces at Stavropol.[9] According to warfare.ru, 49th Army (listed at Stavropol/Maikop) has under control the 7th Military Base (in Abkhazia) and the 8th (former Taman Guards Motor Rifle Division), 33rd Mountain Motor Rifle and 34th separate Mountain Motor Rifle Brigades (Borzoi, Chechniya, Maikop, and Storozhevaya-2), as well as the 66th Communications Brigade.[10]

There are also three Spetsnaz brigades (the 100th, 10th, and 22nd), plus one Russian Airborne Troops unit also stationed in the district: the 7th Guards Mountain Air Assault Division at Novorossiysk (which, in 2021, absorbed the former 56th Guards Airborne Brigade).[11] The Russian Air Force has the 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Army in the district. Also under the district's control are the Navy's Black Sea Fleet and Caspian Flotilla, including their respective air and Naval Infantry components, including - in the case of the Black Sea Fleet - the 22nd Army Corps.

In early 2017, the formation of a new 8th Army, successor to the Soviet 8th Guards Army, was formed within the Southern Military District. The army's headquarters is located at Novocherkassk and it is to include the 150th Motor Rifle Division and the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division. The first phase of its formation was completed in June 2017.[12]

The 58th Combined Arms Army comprising two further motorized rifle divisions, plus other army level units and the 4th Guards Military Base in South Ossetia is the third army-level formation in the District.

Component units

External image
image icon IISS estimate of major unit dispositions in the Southern Military District, 20 March 2014

58th Army (Vladikavkaz)[13]

Note: the 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division, reforming from late 2016 in Chechniya, is drawn from the 8th Guards, 17th, and 18th Guards Motor Rifle Brigades[22]

8th Army (Novocherkassk)

  • 150th Motor Rifle Division (Novocherkassk)
    • 103rd Motorized Rifle Regiment (Kadamovskiy and Kuzminka, Rostov Oblast)[23][24]
    • 163rd Tank Regiment (Kuzminka, Rostov Oblast)[23][24]
    • 102nd Motorized Rifle Regiment (Persianovskiy, Rostov Oblast)[23][24]
    • 68th Tank Regiment (Persianovskiy, Rostov Oblast)[23][24]
    • 174th Reconnaissance Battalion (Persianovskiy, Rostov Oblast)[24]
    • 381st Artillery Regiment (Persianovskiy and Millerovo, Rostov Oblast)[24][23]
    • Additional Motorized Rifle Regiment reported forming within the Division as of 2018[24]
    • 933rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Millerovo)[23]
  • 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division (Volgograd and Kamyshin regions; reconstituted from former 20th Motor Rifle Brigade starting in 2021; transformation to complete in 2022)[15]
    • 242nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Kamyshin, Volgograd Oblast);
    • 255th Motor Rifle Regiment (Volgograd);
    • 33rd Motor Rifle Regiment (Kamyshin);[25]
    • 944th Guards Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment;
    • 358th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment;
    • 428th Separate Tank Battalion (near Volgograd; planned to re-equip with T-90M main battle tanks)[26][27]
    • 487th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion.[28]
  • 464th Rocket Brigade
  • 47th Missile Brigade (Korenovsk, Krasnodar Krai, established 2021; equipped with Iskander surface-to-surface missiles)[29][30]
  • 238th Artillery Brigade (Korenovsk, Krasnodar Krai, established 2021;equipped with 2A65 Msta-B guns and 9K57 Uragan multiple launch rocket systems)[30]
  • 77th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Korenovsk; equipped with S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile system)[24]
  • Additional SAM brigade reported forming in 2021/22 with Buk-M3 surface-to-air missile systems[29]

Ukrainian sources describe the 1st and 2nd (Donbas/Russian) Army Corps in Ukraine's Donbas as "operationally subordinate" to the 8th Army HQ.[31] As of 2021, subordinate units in these two corps are said to include:

  • 1st Army Corps (People's Militia of the Donetsk People's Republic: Народная милиция Донецкой Народной Республики):
    • 4 Motorized Rifle Brigades (1st, 3rd, 5th, 100th Motorized Rifle Brigades)
    • 2 Motorized Rifle Regiments (9th and 11th Motorized Rifle Regiments)
    • 2 special forces battalions (1st and 3rd SF Battalions)
    • 1 tank battalion (2nd Battalion)
    • 1 reconnaissance battalion (Sparta Separate Reconnaissance Battalion)
    • 1 artillery brigade (Kalmius Artillery Brigade)[24]
  • 2nd Army Corps (People's Militia of the Luhansk People's Republic: Народная милиция Луганской Народной Республики):
    • 3 Motorized Rifle Brigades (2nd, 4th, 7th Motorized Rifle Brigades)
    • 1 Motorized Rifle Regiment (6th Motorized Rifle Regiment)
    • 1 tank battalion (Pantzir Special Mechanized Force)
    • 1 reconnaissance battalion (Greka Separate Reconnaissance Battalion)
    • 1 artillery brigade[24]

49th Army (Stavropol/Maykop)

Airborne Troops

Special forces/Reconnaissance

Air Force units

Naval Forces

  • Black Sea Fleet
    • 22nd Army Corps, HQ in Sevastopol
      • 127th Separate Reconnaissance Brigade[33]
      • 126th Gorlovskaya Separate Coastal Defence Brigade, in Perevalnoe[34]
      • 8th Separate Coastal Artillery Regiment[35][36]
      • Surface-to-surface missile battalion (Iskander surface-to-surface missiles) reportedly to be added in 2022[37][29]
      • 1096th Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment[35]
      • 4th Separate CBRN Protection Regiment[33]
    • 11th Coastal Defense Missile-Artillery Brigade (Utash, Krasnodar region)
    • 810th Naval Infantry Brigade[38]
    • 382nd Naval Infantry Battalion
    • 68th Fleet Naval Engineers Regiment
    • 133rd Fleet Logistics and Materiel Regiment
    • 4th Fleet NBC Regiment
  • Caspian Flotilla
    • 177th Naval Infantry Regiment[39][40]
      • Regimental HQ
      • 414th and 727th Naval Infantry Battalions
      • Tank Battalion
    • 46th Coastal Defense Missile Artillery Battalion (Surface to Air)

Leadership

Gen. Aleksandr Dvornikov (2021)

Commanders

Chiefs of Staff - First Deputy Commanders

  • Major General Nikolai Pereslegin (April 2010 – October 2013)
  • Lieutenant General Andrey Serdyukov (October 2013 – December 2015)
  • Lieutenant General Alexander Zhuravlyov (December 2015 – March 2017)
  • Lieutenant General Mikhail Teplinsky (March 2017 – February 2019)
  • Lieutenant General (later Colonel General) Sergei Kuzovlev (February 2019 – present)

Deputy Commanders

  • Lieutenant General Andrey Serdyukov (February 2013 – October 2013)
  • Major General Viktor Astapov (December 2013 – June 2014)
  • Lieutenant General Andrey Gurulev (August 2016 – 2017)
  • Lieutenant General Alexander Romanchuk (2017 – 2018)
  • Lieutenant General Rustam Muradov (December 2018 – present)
  • Lieutenant General Alexey Avdeev (January 2019 – present)

Commanders of the Russian peacekeeping contingent in Nagorno-Karabakh

  • Lieutenant General Rustam Muradov (11 November 2020 – 9 September 2021)
  • Major General Mikhail Kosobokov (9 September 2021 – 25 September 2021)
  • Lieutenant General Gennady Anashkin (25 September 2021 – 12 January 2022)
  • Major General Andrey Volkov (12 January 2022 – present)

Notes

  • ^1 The federal subjects of Crimea and Sevastopol are disputed territories internationally recognized as de jure part of Ukraine but under the de facto administration of the Russian Federation.

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Contacts : Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation".
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2010-12-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b УКАЗ Президента РФ от 20.09.2010 N 1144 "О ВОЕННО - АДМИНИСТРАТИВНОМ ДЕЛЕНИИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ" Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Milenin, Andrei (20 September 2016). "Александр Дворников назначен командующим войсками ЮВО" [Aleksandr Dvornikov appointed commander of the Southern Military District]. Isvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  5. ^ UKRAINE REPORTS RUSSIAN MILITARY ACTIVITY ON CRIMEA BORDER, Newsweek (8 August 2016)
    Gutterman, Steve (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
    Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
    UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity, China Central Television (28 March 2014)
  6. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / Сергей Шойгу: боевые возможности ЮВО за 2016 год увеличены на 10%".
  7. ^ "Russia's Role in Enforcing Peace in Nagorno-Karabakh Stirs Hopes, Bitterness". wsj. 7 December 2020.
  8. ^ "У российских миротворцев в Карабахе сменился командующий". rbc.ru. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  9. ^ http://russiandefpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/01/10/more-appointments-dismissals-etc/, accessed January 2011, and http://www.ryadovoy.ru/forum/index.php/topic,2479.0.html Archived 2012-03-13 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Southern Military District". warfare.ru. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  11. ^ Michael Holm, 56th independent Guards Landing-Assault Brigade, accessed January 2014.
  12. ^ Ramm, Alexey; Andreyev, Yevgeny (17 March 2017). "В Южном военном округе появится новая армия" [New army in the Southern Military District]. Isvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  13. ^ Galeotti, 2017, 31, with the retention of the 67th AARB and 34 C3 Bde, which he does not list.
  14. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 84, 31 May - 6 June 2021".
  15. ^ a b https://tass.com/defense
  16. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 88, 28 June - 4 July 2021".
  17. ^ Georgia, Civil. "Civil.Ge | Russia troop deployments menace Georgia". www.civil.ge. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  18. ^ "67th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  19. ^ "На 4-й российской военной базе в Южной Осетии проведены контрольные стрельбы | Политика | ИА "RSOnews"". www.rsonews.org. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  20. ^ https://www.gfsis.org/maps/russian-military-forces
  21. ^ https://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/108547/Russia%20military%20in%20EaP_Workshop.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  22. ^ "В ЮВО на территории Чечни завершается формирование 42-й мотострелковой дивизии" [Formation of the 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division completed in Chechnya in Southern Military District]. structure.mil.ru (in Russian). 7 December 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d e f http://www.understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/Russian%20Ground%20Forces%20OOB_ISW%20CTP_0.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Russian Military Forces: Interactive Map".
  25. ^ https://www.gfsis.org/russian-monitor/view/3126
  26. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 81, 29 March - 9 May 2021".
  27. ^ "Дивизии ЮВО получат модернизированные танки Т-90М". 2 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 99, 13 September - 19 September 2021".
  29. ^ a b c https://www.gfsis.org/russian-monitor/view/3116
  30. ^ a b "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 95, 16 August - 22 August 2021".
  31. ^ https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/5/0/457468.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  32. ^ Galeotti 2017, 31.
  33. ^ a b "Танковые подразделения армейского корпуса ЧФ провели учебные стрельбы на полигоне "Ангарский" - Юг и Северный Кавказ || Интерфакс Россия". www.interfax-russia.ru (in Russian). 25 January 2018. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  34. ^ "В Крыму прошло учение артиллерийских подразделений армейского корпуса и береговых частей Черноморского флота". function.mil.ru. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  35. ^ a b "На крымских рубежах оборона активна / Реалии / Независимая газета". nvo.ng.ru. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  36. ^ "В Крыму появился 8-й артиллерийский полк береговой обороны | Новости | ОТР". ОТР - Общественное Телевидение России. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  37. ^ https://tass.com/defense/1387935
  38. ^ "Ukraine says Russian Marines ring coast guard base". Huffington Post. Associated Press. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  39. ^ "В Каспийске завершено формирование 177-го полка морской пехоты". November 23, 2018.
  40. ^ В новом полку морской пехоты Каспийской флотилии прошло первое занятие по предметам боевой подготовки / mil.ru

Bibliography

  • Galeotti, Mark (2017). The Modern Russian Army 1992–2016. Elite 217. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-47281-908-6.

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