Swimming at the 2020 Summer Olympics

Olympic Sport

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Swimming
at the Games of the XXXII Olympiad
VenueOlympic Aquatics Centre
Dates24 July – 1 August 2021
4–5 August 2021 (Marathon)
No. of events37
Competitors928
← 2016
2024 →

The swimming competitions at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo were due to take place from 25 July to 6 August at the Olympic Aquatics Centre. The women's 10 km open-water marathon was due to be held on August 5, with the men's race due to happen a day later (August 7) at the Odaiba Marine Park. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the games have been postponed to 2021. However, their official name remains 2020 Summer Olympics with swimming events set for 24 July - 1 August 2021 and marathon swimming set for 4–5 August 2021.[1]

Swimming will feature a record total of 37 events (18 for each gender and 1 mixed), with the addition of the men's 800 m freestyle, women's 1500 m freestyle, and the mixed 4×100 m medley relay.

Events

Swimming in 2020 will feature a total of 37 events (18 each for men and women and 1 mixed event), including two 10 km open-water marathons. This is slight increase from the 34 events contested in the previous Olympic Games. The following events will be contested (all pool events are long course, and distances are in metres unless stated):

Schedule

Unlike the previous Olympics, swimming program schedule will occur in two segments. For the pool events, prelims will be held in the evening, with semifinals and final in the following morning session, spanning a day between semifinals and finals in those events with semifinals. The shift of the normal morning prelims and evening finals (to evening prelims and morning finals) will occur for these Games because of the prior request made by US broadcaster NBC (due to the substantial fees NBC has paid for rights to the Olympics, the IOC has allowed NBC to have influence on event scheduling to maximize U.S. television ratings when possible; NBC agreed to a $7.75 billion contract extension on May 7, 2014, to air the Olympics through the 2032 games,[2] is also one of the major sources of revenue for the IOC),[3] so that the finals from the event could be shown live in the United States.[4][5]

Legend
H Heats ½ Semifinals F Final

M = Morning session, starting at 10:30 local time (01:30 UTC).
E = Evening session, starting at 19:00 local time (10:00 UTC).

Men[4][6][7][8]
Date → Jul 24 Jul 25 Jul 26 Jul 27 Jul 28 Jul 29 Jul 30 Jul 31 Aug 1 Aug 5
Event ↓ M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E
50 m freestyle H ½ F
100 m freestyle H ½ F
200 m freestyle H ½ F
400 m freestyle H F
800 m freestyle H F
1500 m freestyle H F
100 m backstroke H ½ F
200 m backstroke H ½ F
100 m breaststroke H ½ F
200 m breaststroke H ½ F
100 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m individual medley H ½ F
400 m individual medley H F
4×100 m freestyle relay H F
4×200 m freestyle relay H F
4×100 m medley relay H F
10 km open water F
Women[4][6][7][8]
Date → Jul 24 Jul 25 Jul 26 Jul 27 Jul 28 Jul 29 Jul 30 Jul 31 Aug 1 Aug 4
Event ↓ M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E
50 m freestyle H ½ F
100 m freestyle H ½ F
200 m freestyle H ½ F
400 m freestyle H F
800 m freestyle H F
1500 m freestyle H F
100 m backstroke H ½ F
200 m backstroke H ½ F
100 m breaststroke H ½ F
200 m breaststroke H ½ F
100 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m individual medley H ½ F
400 m individual medley H F
4×100 m freestyle relay H F
4×200 m freestyle relay H F
4×100 m medley relay H F
10 km open water F
Mixed[4][6][7]
Date → Jul 24 Jul 25 Jul 26 Jul 27 Jul 28 Jul 29 Jul 30 Jul 31 Aug 1 Aug 4
Event ↓ M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E
4×100 m medley relay H F

Qualification

Swimming – individual events

FINA will establish qualifying times for individual events. The time standards consisted of two types: an "Olympic Qualifying Time" (OQT) and an "Olympic Selection time" (OST). Each country was able to enter up to two swimmers per event, provided both swimmers met the (faster) qualifying time. A country was able to enter one swimmer per event that met the invitation standard. Any swimmer who met the "qualifying" time was entered in the event for the Games; a swimmer meeting the "invitation" standard was eligible for entry, and their entry was allotted/filled in by ranking. If a country has no swimmers who meet either of the qualifying standards, it may have entered one male and one female. A country that did not receive an allocation spot but had at least one swimmer who met a qualifying standard might have entered the swimmer with the highest ranking.[9]

Swimming – relay events

Each relay event features 16 teams, composed of:[9]

  • 12: the top-12 finishers at the 2019 World Championships in each relay event.
  • 4: the 4 fastest non-qualified teams, based on times in the 15-months preceding the Olympics.

Open-water swimming

The men's and women's 10 km races featured 25 swimmers:[9]

  • 10: the top-10 finishers in the 10 km races at the 2019 World Championships
  • 9: the top-9 finishers at the 2020 Olympic Marathon Swim Qualifier
  • 5: one representative from each FINA continent (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania).
  • 1: from the host nation (Japan) if not qualified by other means. If Japan already contained a qualifier in the race, this spot had been allocated back into the general pool from the 2020 Olympic qualifier race.

Participation

Participating nations

Japan, as the host country, receives guaranteed quota place in case it would not qualify any qualification places.

Medal summary

Medal table

Men's events

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 m freestyle
details
100 m freestyle
details
200 m freestyle
details
400 m freestyle
details
800 m freestyle
details
1500 m freestyle
details
100 m backstroke
details
200 m backstroke
details
100 m breaststroke
details
200 m breaststroke
details
100 m butterfly
details
200 m butterfly
details
200 m individual medley
details
400 m individual medley
details
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
10 km open water
details

AF African record | AM Americas record | AS Asian record | ER European record | OC Oceania record | OR Olympic record | WJR World Junior record | WR World record
NR National record (Any world record is necessarily also an Olympic, area, and national record. Area records (for continental regions) are also national records.)

a Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Women's events

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 m freestyle
details
100 m freestyle
details
200 m freestyle
details
400 m freestyle
details
800 m freestyle
details
1500 m freestyle
details
100 m backstroke
details
200 m backstroke
details
100 m breaststroke
details
200 m breaststroke
details
100 m butterfly
details
200 m butterfly
details
200 m individual medley
details
400 m individual medley
details
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
10 km open water
details

AF African record | AM Americas record | AS Asian record | ER European record | OC Oceania record | OR Olympic record | WJR World Junior record | WR World record
NR National record (Any world record is necessarily also an Olympic, area, and national record. Area records (for continental regions) are also national records.)

b Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Mixed events

Event Gold Silver Bronze
4 × 100 m medley relay
details

AF African record | AM Americas record | AS Asian record | ER European record | OC Oceania record | OR Olympic record | WJR World Junior record | WR World record
NR National record (Any world record is necessarily also an Olympic, area, and national record. Area records (for continental regions) are also national records.)

b Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

See also

References

  1. ^ McCurry, Justin; Ingle, Sean (24 March 2020). "Tokyo Olympics postponed to 2021 due to coronavirus pandemic". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 March 2020.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Olympics on NBC through 2032". USA Today. Gannett Company. 7 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Fewer Russians Could Be a Windfall for U.S. Olympic Business". The New York Times. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "Tokyo 2020 Aquatics To Have Morning Olympic Finals". Swimming World Magazine. 13 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  5. ^ Longman, Jeré (12 February 2018). "For Olympic Figure Skaters, a New Meaning to Morning Routine". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Schedule - Swimming Tokyo 2020 Olympics". Olympian Database. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "Swimming Competition Schedule". Tokyo 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Marathon Swimming Competition Schedule". Tokyo 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Qualification System – Games of the XXXII Olympia – Tokyo 2020; FINA, 19 March 2018.
Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Swimming at the 2020 Summer Olympics