Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

2017 film directed by Martin McDonagh

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin McDonagh
Written byMartin McDonagh
Produced by
CinematographyBen Davis
Edited byJon Gregory
Music byCarter Burwell
Distributed byFox Searchlight Pictures[1]
Release dates
  • September 4, 2017 (2017-09-04) (Venice Film Festival)
  • November 10, 2017 (2017-11-10) (United States)
  • January 12, 2018 (2018-01-12) (United Kingdom)
Running time
115 minutes[2]
  • United States
  • United Kingdom
Budget$12–15 million[3][4]
Box office$162.9 million[5]

Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri is a 2017 crime drama film written, directed, and co-produced by Martin McDonagh and starring Frances McDormand as a Missouri woman who rents three roadside billboards to draw attention to her daughter's unsolved rape and murder. Woody Harrelson, Sam Rockwell, John Hawkes, Peter Dinklage, Abbie Cornish, Lucas Hedges, Željko Ivanek, and Caleb Landry Jones appear in supporting roles. The film was theatrically released in the United States in November 2017 and in the United Kingdom in January 2018 by Fox Searchlight Pictures, and it grossed $160 million at the worldwide box office.

Critical reception for the film was highly positive, with particular acclaim given to McDonagh's screenplay and direction, as well as the performances of McDormand, Rockwell, and Harrelson. McDormand and Rockwell each won the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, SAG Award, BAFTA Award, and Critics' Choice Award for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor, respectively, and Harrelson received Oscar, SAG, and BAFTA nominations. McDonagh won the Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Award for his screenplay, and the film won the Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Award for Best Picture.


In the fictional town of Ebbing, Missouri, Mildred Hayes is grieving over the rape and murder of her teenage daughter, Angela, seven months earlier. Angry over the lack of progress in the investigation, she rents three disused billboards near her home and posts on them: "Raped While Dying", "And Still No Arrests?", "How Come, Chief Willoughby?". They attract attention, so Bill Willoughby, the local chief of police, visits Mildred, but is unable to persuade her to take them down, even by revealing he has terminal pancreatic cancer. He renews his efforts to solve the case, but does not get anywhere.

Many townspeople are upset by the billboards, including Jason Dixon, a racist, alcoholic police officer, who unsuccessfully tries to intimidate Red Welby, who rented Mildred the billboards, into taking them down. Mildred's dentist is sympathetic to Willoughby and menaces her during an appointment, so she drills a hole in his thumbnail. Willoughby brings her in for questioning and winds up coughing up blood into her face. He has her released and is hospitalized, though he soon checks himself out against medical advice.

The billboards have further strained Mildred's relationship with her son, Robbie, and she remembers that her last interaction with Angela was an argument. Her abusive ex-cop ex-husband Charlie confronts her about the billboards and ends up revealing that, shortly before Angela's murder, he had turned down her request to come live with him.

At his mother's suggestion, Dixon arrests Mildred's friend Denise on trivial drug possession charges to put pressure on Mildred. Willoughby spends an idyllic day with his wife, Anne, and their two daughters, and then takes his own life to spare his family from watching him die slowly. Dixon reacts to the news by assaulting Welby and throwing him out a second-story window. This is witnessed by Abercrombie, Willoughby's replacement, who fires Dixon.

Before his death, Willoughby wrote several letters, including one to Mildred. Anne delivers it, interrupting an unknown man who was menacing Mildred at work. In the letter, Willoughby tells Mildred that she was not a factor in his suicide and reveals he secretly paid to keep the billboards up another month.

After the billboards are destroyed by arson, Mildred retaliates by tossing Molotov cocktails at the police station, which she believes to be unoccupied for the night. Unfortunately, Dixon is inside reading Willoughby's letter to him, which advises him to let go of hate and embrace love if he wants to be a detective someday, but, remaining calm, he escapes with Angela's case file. James, an acquaintance of Mildred, happens by and extinguishes Dixon's burning clothes before providing Mildred with an alibi. Dixon is put in the same hospital room as Welby, to whom he apologizes.

Jerome, who was part of the team that put up the billboards, brings Mildred a set of copies and helps her, Robbie, James, and Denise restore the signs. Discharged from the hospital, Dixon overhears the man who menaced Mildred bragging in a bar about raping a girl in the same manner as Angela. He notes the number on the man's Idaho license plate and then scratches the man's face to get a DNA sample, passively accepting the resulting beating. Meanwhile, Mildred is on a date with James to thank him. Charlie enters with his 19-year-old girlfriend Penelope and apologizes for burning the billboards when he was drunk. Unnerved that she retaliated against the wrong target, Mildred wants to go home, saying she and James can go out another time, but he tells her that he does not want to, as he sensed she was embarrassed to be seen with him.

Abercrombie informs Dixon that the DNA sample is not a match and the man was overseas on military duty at the time of Angela's death. Dixon gives Mildred the disappointing news and, believing the man to be guilty of some other rape, the pair plan a trip to Idaho to kill him. As they set out, Mildred confesses that she set the police station on fire, which Dixon had already assumed. They both express uncertainty about their mission, and Mildred says they can decide what to do along the way.




While traveling through the Southern United States around 1998, Martin McDonagh came across a couple of accusatory billboards that alleged a woman named Kathy Page had been murdered by her husband Steve Page in Vidor, Texas, and highlighted the incompetence of the police in solving the case. McDonagh described the billboards, which he presumed had been put up by the victim's mother, as "raging and painful and tragic" and was deeply affected by them, saying the image "stayed in my mind [...] kept gnawing at me".[6][a] This incident, combined with his desire to create strong female characters, inspired McDonagh to write the story for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri.[6] He said it took him about ten years to decide "it was a mother who had taken these things out. It all became fiction [...] based on a couple of actual billboards".[8][9]


The character of Mildred was written with Frances McDormand in mind, and the character of Dixon was written specially for Sam Rockwell.[10] McDormand initially felt she was older than the character as it was written and suggested Mildred be Angela's grandmother, rather than her mother, but McDonagh disagreed, feeling it would change the story too much,[10][11] and eventually McDormand's husband Joel Coen persuaded her to take the part regardless.[10]

John Wayne served as an inspiration for McDormand in her portrayal of Mildred, and Rockwell, wanting to make his character "the exact opposite" of Mildred, took inspiration from Lee Marvin, Wayne's co-star in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.[10]


Principal photography began on May 2, 2016, in Sylva, North Carolina,[12] and ran for 33 days.[13] Allison Outdoor Advertising of Sylva built the billboards, which were put in a pasture near Black Mountain, North Carolina, 60 miles east of Sylva. When not filming, the billboards were usually covered because people in the area found them upsetting. David Penix of Arden, North Carolina, subsequently bought the billboards and used the wood for a roof in Douglas Lake, Tennessee, though the messages are no longer legible.[14]

Town Pump Tavern in Black Mountain, which had been featured in The World Made Straight (2015), was closed for three days while filming took place inside. A pool table and booths were added, but the bar's actual sign appears in the film.[15]


Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Soundtrack album by
Various artists
ReleasedNovember 10, 2017[16]
GenreFolk, Americana
LabelVarèse Sarabande

Carter Burwell's score for the film was nominated for Best Original Score at the 90th Academy Awards. It was Burwell's third collaboration with McDonagh, as he had served as composer for McDonagh's first two feature films, In Bruges (2008) and Seven Psychopaths (2012). The film also features songs by ABBA, Joan Baez, The Felice Brothers, the Four Tops, Monsters of Folk, and Townes Van Zandt.[17]

Track listing

All tracks composed by Carter Burwell, unless otherwise noted.

1."Mildred Goes to War" 1:22
2."The Deer" 2:06
3."Buckskin Stallion Blues" (performed by Townes Van Zandt)Townes Van Zandt2:59
4."A Cough of Blood, A Dark Drive" 2:37
5."I've Been Arrested" 0:38
6."Fruit Loops" 1:29
7."His Master's Voice" (performed by Monsters of Folk)4:49
8."Billboards On Fire" 2:24
9."Slippers" 1:19
10."The Last Rose of Summer" (performed by Renee Fleming and Jeffrey Tate)4:51
11."My Dear Anne" 2:35
12."Walk Away Renée" (performed by The Four Tops)
13."Billboards Are Back" 1:24
14."Collecting Samples" 1:15
15."Sorry Welby" 1:43
16."The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down" (performed by Joan Baez)Robbie Robertson3:23
17."Countermove" 1:56
18."Can't Give Up Hope" 0:30
19."Buckskin Stallion Blues" (performed by Amy Annelle)Townes Van Zandt3:21


Three Billboards premiered in competition at the 74th Venice International Film Festival on September 4, 2017.[18] It was also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival,[19] the San Sebastián International Film Festival,[20] the BFI London Film Festival,[21] the Zurich Film Festival,[22] and the Mar del Plata International Film Festival,[23] among many others.

In the United States, the film received a limited release by Fox Searchlight Pictures on November 10, 2017, in advance of its wide release on December 1.[5] On February 27, 2018, it was released on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray, and DVD,[24] with Six Shooter, McDonagh's 2004 Academy Award-winning short film, included as a bonus.

Box office

The film grossed $54.5 million in the United States and Canada, and $105.7 million in other countries, for a worldwide box office total of $160.2 million.[5]

In its limited opening weekend, the film made $322,168 from four theaters, for a per-theater average of $80,542, the fourth-best of 2017.[25] It made $1.1 million from 53 theaters its second weekend and $4.4 million from 614 its third, finishing 9th and 10th at the box office, respectively.[26]

The weekend following its four Golden Globe wins on January 7, 2018, the film was added to 712 theaters (for a total of 1,022) and grossed $2.3 million, an increase of 226% from the previous weekend's $706,188.[27] Two weeks later, following the announcement of the film's seven Oscar nominations, it made $3.6 million, an increase of 87% over the previous week's $1.9 million, finishing 13th at the American box office.[28] The weekend of March 9–11, following its two Oscar wins on March 4, the film made $705,000, down 45% from the previous weekend's $1.3 million.[29]


The performances of Frances McDormand and Sam Rockwell garnered widespread critical acclaim and won them the Academy Awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor, respectively.

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 90% of 414 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 8.4/10. The website's consensus reads, "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri deftly balances black comedy against searing drama – and draws unforgettable performances from its veteran cast along the way."[30] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 88 out of 100, based on 50 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[31]

Owen Gleiberman of Variety praised the film's performances, stating that "It's Mildred's glowering refusal to back down that defines her, and McDormand brilliantly spotlights the conflicted humanity beneath the stony façade", and calling Rockwell's performance a "revelation."[32] Steve Pond, writing for TheWrap, praised McDonagh's writing, calling it "very funny, very violent and surprisingly moving."[33]

Less flatteringly, The New York Times columnist Wesley Morris likened McDonagh's portrayal of rural America "a set of postcards from a Martian lured to America by a cable news ticker and by rumors of how easily flattered and provoked we are."[34] Manohla Dargis, also writing for The New York Times, said in her review: "[McDonagh's] jokes can be uninterestingly glib with tiny, bloodless pricks that are less about challenging the audience than about obscuring the material's clichés and overriding theatricality."[35] In The New Yorker, Tim Parks praised the film's "magnificently photographed images", but wrote that the plot contained "a thousand cheap coincidences",[36] and concluded that the film is "empty of emotional intelligence" and "devoid of any remotely honest observation of the society it purports to serve."[36]

The film was controversial for its handling of racial themes, particularly surrounding the redemptive arc of Officer Dixon, whose alleged torturing of an African American prisoner before the events of the film is referred to several times. In The Daily Beast, blogger Ira Madison III described the treatment of Rockwell's character as "altogether offensive [...] McDonagh's attempts to script the black experience in America are often fumbling and backward and full of outdated tropes."[37] Alyssa Rosenberg noted in The Washington Post that "[Dixon's] redemption doesn't merely defang his previous venomous bigotry; it softens Mildred's character development."[38]


At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, Three Billboards won Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Actress – Drama (McDormand), Best Supporting Actor (Rockwell), and Best Screenplay, and it was also nominated for Best Director and Best Original Score.[39] The film was nominated in nine categories at the 71st British Academy Film Awards[40][41] and won five awards: both Best Film and Outstanding British Film (making it and The King's Speech (2010) the only films to win both awards since the latter category was reintroduced in 1992),[42] Best Leading Actress (McDormand), Best Supporting Actor (Rockwell), and Best Screenplay (Original).[43] At the 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards, the film was nominated for four awards and won three, including Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture. It was nominated for six awards at the 23rd Critics' Choice Awards and won three, including Best Acting Ensemble. At the 90th Academy Awards, the film received seven nominations, including for Best Picture, Best Actress (McDormand), Best Supporting Actor (both Rockwell and Harrelson), and Best Original Screenplay, and McDormand and Rockwell took home their respective awards.[44]

The film was named one of the top 10 films of the year by the American Film Institute.[45] It won the top prize, the People's Choice Award, at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival,[46] and won the Audience Award at the 2017 San Sebastián International Film Festival.[20]


Signs inspired by the billboards in the film have been used in protests by numerous groups around the world. Both McDonagh and McDormand have responded positively to this, with McDonagh saying that "You couldn't ask for anything more than for an angry film to be adopted by protests,"[47][48] and McDormand saying she is "thrilled that activists all over the world have been inspired by the set decoration of the three billboards in Martin's film."[49]

  • On February 3, 2018, a mural was erected outside Bristol city centre in England depicting three billboards like those in the film, which read: "Our NHS is dying", "And still no more funding", "How come, Mrs May". It was installed by the groups People's Republic of Stokes Croft and Protect Our NHS in response to the alleged privatization of the National Health Service (NHS) and the death of a 15-year-old girl that the coroner attributed to neglect caused by a lack of NHS resources and care.[50]
  • On February 15, 2018, Justice4Grenfell, an advocacy group created in response to the Grenfell Tower fire, hired three vans with electronic screens to protest perceived inaction in response to the fire the previous June.[51] The vans were driven around London and displayed messages in the style of the billboards in the film: "71 Dead", "And Still No Arrests?", "How Come?".[52]
  • On the night of February 15, 2018, the movement #OccupyJustice set up three billboards and a number of banners in Malta to mark the four-month anniversary of the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. The billboards bore the text: "A Journalist Killed. No Justice.", "A Country Robbed. No Justice.", "No Resignations. No Justice.".[53][54] The authorities removed the billboards the following day,[55] stating that they were illegal.[56] The government was criticized for this move,[57][58] and a day after their removal, activists laid down banners with similar text near Auberge de Castille, the office of the Prime Minister.[56]
  • In response to the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting that took place on February 14, 2018, in Parkland, Florida, activist group Avaaz had three vans circle Florida senator Marco Rubio's offices displaying: "Slaughtered in School", "And Still No Gun Control?", "How Come, Marco Rubio?".[59][60]
March 24, 2018: March for Our Lives demonstrators in San Diego

Wang Qishan, China's vice-president, said he understood supporters of U.S. president Donald Trump, in part, through watching the film.[69]


  1. ^ The billboards were actually small signs that were later found along Interstate 10, and had been placed by James Fulton, whose daughter Kathy Page was assaulted and killed in 1991.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Film releases". Variety Insight. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  2. ^ "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (15)". British Board of Film Classification. November 2, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  3. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 1, 2017). "Exhibition Rings Up Fox Searchlight To Expand 'Three Billboards' Coast To Coast – Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 Feature Film Study" (PDF). FilmL.A. Feature Film Study: 25. August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved January 13, 2023.Edit this at Wikidata
  6. ^ a b Utichi, Joe (January 8, 2018). "Golden Globe Winner Martin McDonagh On 'Three Billboards', Strong Women, And Why Formulas Are "F–king Boring"". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  7. ^ Darling, Cary (March 1, 2018). "The Texas connection behind 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri'". The Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  8. ^ Pruner, Aaron (November 10, 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' Director Martin McDonagh on the Story That Inspired His Film [Interview]". /Film. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  9. ^ Radish, Christina (November 12, 2017). "Martin McDonagh on Directing 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' and Writing for Frances McDormand". Collider. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d Fear, David (November 13, 2017). "Signs of the Times: Inside 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  11. ^ McGovern, Joe (September 2, 2017). "Frances McDormand talks her love for 'rhythmic profanity' – and reveals her favorite curse word". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  12. ^ Saylor, Jennifer (May 3, 2016). "Big movie comes to Sylva: shooting dates for 'Three Billboards'". WLOS News 13. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  13. ^ Brooks, Brian (November 9, 2017). "Searchlight Posts 'Three Billboards'; The Orchard Has Norway's 'Thelma' – Specialty B.O. Preview". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  14. ^ Boyle, John (March 15, 2018). "Answer Man: The 'Three Billboards' ended up where?". Asheville Citizen-Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  15. ^ Smith, LaVendrick (March 7, 2018). "This NC woman's bar is one of the biggest stars in Oscar-winning 'Three Billboards'". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  16. ^ "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) - Apple Music Preview". Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  17. ^ "IMDb: Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017), Soundtracks". Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  18. ^ "Venice Competition Includes Films From George Clooney, Guillermo del Toro, Darren Aronofsky". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  19. ^ "Toronto Film Festival 2017 Unveils Strong Slate". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  20. ^ a b "City of Donostia / San Sebastian Audience Award". San Sebastián International Film Festival. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  21. ^ "Martin McDonagh's Three Billboards to Close London Film Festival 2017". What's Worth Seeing. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  22. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (September 14, 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' 'Custody,' 'Under the Tree' to Compete in Zurich". Variety. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  23. ^ "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017)". IMDb. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  24. ^ "Oscar Nominated THREE BILLBOARDS OUTSIDE EBBING, MISSOURI Coming To DVD This February". Broadway Video. January 31, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  25. ^ Brooks, Brian (November 12, 2017). "Searchlight's 'Three Billboards' Signals Robust Bow; 'Lady Bird' Soars – Specialty B.O." Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  26. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (November 26, 2017). "Thanksgiving B.O. At $268M, +3% Over 2016 Spurred By 'Coco' & Holdovers". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
  27. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 14, 2018). "'Jumanji' Roars To $34M; 'The Post' Still The Most With $22M+; 'The Commuter' Punches $16M: MLK Weekend Box Office Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  28. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 28, 2018). "Fox Controls Close To 40% Of Weekend B.O. Led By 'Maze Runner' & Oscar Holdovers; 'Hostiles' Gallops Past $10M". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  29. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 11, 2018). "'Black Panther' Rules 4th Frame With $41M+; 'A Wrinkle In Time' At $33M+: A Diversity & Disney Dominant Weekend". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  30. ^ "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved January 13, 2023. Edit this at Wikidata
  31. ^ "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri". Metacritic. Red Ventures. Retrieved January 13, 2023.
  32. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (September 4, 2017). "Film Review: 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri'". Variety. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  33. ^ Pond, Steve (November 9, 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' Movie Review: Frances McDormand Is Bloody Funny". TheWrap. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  34. ^ Morris, Wesley (January 18, 2018). "Does 'Three Billboards' Say Anything About America? Well...". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  35. ^ Dargis, Manohla (November 8, 2017). "Review: On Violence and the Pain of Others in 'Three Billboards'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  36. ^ a b Parks, Tim (March 1, 2018). "The Feel-Good Fallacies of 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri'". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  37. ^ Madison, Ira III (December 14, 2017). "Tone-Deaf 'Three Billboards' Tries Absolving White People of Racism. And Oscars Season Loves It". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  38. ^ Rosenberg, Alyssa (November 28, 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' didn't need its racist cop'". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  39. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (December 11, 2017). "Golden Globe Nominations: Complete List". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  40. ^ "The Shape of Water leads Bafta nominations". BBC News. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  41. ^ "Bafta Film Awards 2018: All the winners". BBC News. February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  42. ^ Sheehan, Paul (February 18, 2018). "2018 BAFTA Awards: 'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' breaks Best British Film curse". Gold Derby. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  43. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Three Billboards outside Ebbing, Missouri claims five awards". Sky News. February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  44. ^ Pedersen, Erik (March 5, 2018). "Oscars: 'The Shape Of Water' Wins Best Picture – The Complete Winners List". Deadline. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  45. ^ "AFI Awards 2017". AFI. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  46. ^ Lotito, Thomas (September 17, 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' Wins Top Prize at Toronto". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  47. ^ Day, Pascale (February 19, 2018). "Frances McDormand praises Three Billboards-style activism in Baftas speech". Metro. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  48. ^ "Martin McDonagh wins Original Screenplay - EE BAFTA Film Awards 2018". BAFTA. February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018 – via YouTube.
  49. ^ "Real-Life Protests Inspired by Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Are Officially a Trend". Slate. February 22, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  50. ^ Cork, Tristan (February 3, 2018). "Three Billboards Outside Bristol city centre as hundreds go to London to 'save the NHS'". Bristol Post. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  51. ^ "3 Billboards Outside Grenfell Tower, London". Justice 4 Grenfell. February 15, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  52. ^ Wolfson, Sam (February 15, 2018). "Grenfell Campaigners Park Three Billboards Outside Parliament". Vice. Retrieved February 20, 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  53. ^ "Three billboards, one banner mark four months since Caruana Galizia's murder". Times of Malta. Valletta. February 16, 2018. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018.
  54. ^ Vella, Matthew (February 16, 2018). "Life imitates art in Malta as three billboards call for justice for Daphne Caruana Galizia". Malta Today. San Gwann. Archived from the original on February 16, 2018.
  55. ^ Cocks, Paul (February 17, 2018). "Daphne Caruana Galizia billboards, banners taken down overnight". Malta Today. Archived from the original on February 17, 2018.
  56. ^ a b "Occupy Justice billboards were illegal – Planning Authority". The Malta Independent. St. Julian's. February 18, 2018. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018.
  57. ^ "Caruana Galizia billboards removed, sparking protests of 'vile act of suppression'". Times of Malta. February 17, 2018. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018.
  58. ^ Leone Ganado, Philip (February 20, 2018). "Illegal billboards still stand despite notices going back two years". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018.
  59. ^ Evans, Greg (February 17, 2018). "Three Billboards From Florida To England: Movie's Protest Tactic Spreads". Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  60. ^ Bacon, John. "Three billboards in Florida target Rubio on guns". USA Today. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  61. ^ "UN Security Council to vote Friday on Syria ceasefire". Times of Israel. Jerusalem. Agence France-Presse. February 22, 2018. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  62. ^ "UN Security Council to vote Friday on Syria ceasefire". Physicians for Human Rights. February 22, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  63. ^ Cavassuto, Maria (March 1, 2018). "Ahead of the 2018 Oscars, 3 billboards pop up in LA blasting Hollywood amid the #MeToo movement". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  64. ^ The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo is formally recognised as an independent state by 101 UN member states (with another 13 states recognising it at some point but then withdrawing their recognition) and 92 states not recognizing it, while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own territory.
  65. ^ "Three billboards in Prishtina, Kosovo to protest domestic violence". Prishtina Insight. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  66. ^ Perez, Lexy (March 24, 2018). "Multiple 'Three Billboards'-Inspired Signs Appear at March for Our Lives". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  67. ^ Cavna, Michael (March 23, 2018). "'Three Billboards' inspired these students' anti-gun messages during March for Our Lives". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  68. ^ Wang, Kelly (January 17, 2019). "'Three Billboards' campaign targets gay conversion therapy in China". Yahoo! News. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  69. ^ Mitchell, Tom (September 21, 2018). "Wang Qishan, China's philosopher king". Financial Times. London. Retrieved September 23, 2018.

External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri