Tokyo bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics

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Bids for the
2020 (2020) Summer Olympics and Paralympics
Games of the XXXII Olympiad
XVI Paralympic Games
Tokyo 2020 Olympic bid logo.svg
Winner: Tokyo
Runner-up: Istanbul
Shortlist: Madrid
CityTokyo, Japan
ChairShintaro Ishihara
NOCJapanese Olympic Committee (JOC)
Previous Games hosted
1964 Summer Olympics
Bid for 2016
ResultWinner (60 votes)

Tokyo 2020 (東京 2020, Tōkyō Nisen-Nijū) was a successful bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics by the city of Tokyo and the Japanese Olympic Committee. On September 7, 2013 at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Tokyo won their bid to host the games.[1] Tokyo previously hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics. On August 3, 2016 it was reported that the IOC approved the addition of five sports to the program of the 2020 Olympics including the return of baseball and softball.[2]


Tokyo Skyline in Shinjuku. Mount Fuji can be seen in the background
Night View of Tokyo

Applicant City phase

Tokyo was selected by the Japanese Olympic Committee on July 16, 2011 as Japan's bidding city for the 2020 Games. The city is moving forward with its bid following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami which affected much of eastern Japan.[3] Prior to Tokyo's selection by the Japanese Olympic Committee, Hiroshima expressed interest in hosting but withdrew their plans to bid.[4]

On September 7, 2011, the Japanese Olympic Committee announced that Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara will be Chairman of the Tokyo 2020 bid committee.[5] The bid committee held their first meeting shortly after.[6] Towards the end of November 2011 the Tokyo 2020 Council was established. It is an advisory board comprises 64 members including Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda who is the top advisor on the council.[7] Tokyo 2020 revealed their bid logo on November 30, 2011.[8] Tokyo's 2020 bid will have a budget of $75 Million, which is half the amount of their previous 2016 bid, which had a $150 Million budget.[9] The President of the Japanese Olympic Committee, Tsunekazu Takeda stated in April 2012 that hosting the games could generate $2 Billion for Tokyo.[10]

In early December 2011, Japan's House of Representatives and House of Councillors passed a resolution giving Tokyo's bid their full support and cooperation. This decisions also states that hosting the games will be beneficial to Japan and will be a positive step forward following the recent earthquake and tsunami that Japan experienced earlier in 2011.[11][12] The Cabinet followed by giving the bid its support. The bid has full backing of the government.[13]

In January 2012 polls suggested that nearly 66% of the country supports the bid.[14]

Tokyo 2020 appointed Yuko Arakida as its Sports Director in February 2012.[15] Ayano Egami who won a silver medal in synchronized swimming at the 2000 Summer Olympics will serve as head of online and social media for the bid.[16]

In April 2012, Tokyo 2020 appointed Tokuaki Suzuki, as the bid's communications director. Suzuki previously served as Competitions Director of the Asian Football Confederation.[17]

Candidate City phase

Sign promoting the bid at Tokyo Big Sight.

On May 23, 2012, the IOC selected Tokyo as a Candidate City for the 2020 Summer Olympics.[18]

In June 2012 a study was conducted that found that hosting the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo could create over 150,000 jobs.[19] In July 2012, the bid launched their "Discover Tomorrow" slogan.[20] In November, a survey revealed that 67% of Tokyo's population supported Tokyo's Olympic bid.[21]

Also in November 2012, the new design for the redeveloped National Olympic Stadium was revealed. The venue will be used for the 2019 Rugby World Cup.[22] Tokyo 2020 submitted their candidature file to the IOC on January 7, 2013.[23]

A poll in January 2013 found that 73% of Tokyo residents were in favor of the bid. Another poll found that 78% of Japan supported bringing the games to Tokyo.[24][25] This result showed an increase in support compared to earlier polls.[14] A poll carried out by Yomiuri Shimbun found that 83% of the country supported the bid.[26] Tokyo's previous bid for the 2016 Games had lower public support with one poll indicating that 56% of residents supported the 2016 bid.[27] The IOC Evaluation Commission visited Tokyo from March 4 to March 7, 2013.[28][29]

In April 2013, the Tokyo 2020 Chairman, Governor Naoki Inose, created controversy when he made a comment that was seen as a criticism of Istanbul and their bid for the 2020 Olympics. Inose said, “Well, compare the two countries where they have yet to build infrastructure, very sophisticated facilities. So from time to time, like Brazil, I think it’s good to have a venue for the first time. But Islamic countries, the only thing they share in common is Allah and they are fighting with each other and they have classes.” [30] Criticizing rival bids are forbidden under IOC rules. Following Inose's statement, Tokyo 2020 made a statement saying that they "have the utmost respect for all candidate cities and have always taken pride in bidding in a spirit based on the Olympic values of excellence, respect and friendship.” [31] Inose apologized for his comments a few days later and stated that he was "fully committed" to respecting IOC rules.[32]

At the Association of National Olympic Committees Extraordinary General Assembly in June 2013, Tokyo 2020 stressed the compactness of their bid. 85% of the competition venues would within 8 km of the Olympic Village.[33] Two anonymous sources within the IOC stated that Tokyo is the favorite to win their Olympic bid over Istanbul and Madrid provided no major mistakes are made before the IOC vote. The safe and secure nature of Tokyo is seen as a major factor giving the Tokyo bid an advantage. Istanbul has been seeing large anti-government protests while Madrid's bid is said to be being effected by Spain's economic crisis.[34][35]

The 2020 IOC Evaluation Commission Report on the Candidate Cities for the 2020 Summer Olympics was released on June 25.[36] Tokyo 2020 gave a presentation of their bid to the IOC at an Extraordinary session in Lausanne in July 2013.[37]

In August 2013, Naoki Inose stated that the 2011 nuclear accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant would not pose a threat to Tokyo's ability to host the Olympic Games. Inose stated that "the water in Tokyo is safe, and we have released this data on our website" and that "The radiation levels are no different than in London or Paris." [38] A letter of assurance over the issue was later sent to the IOC members. [39] [40]

125th IOC Session

Prior to the host city election, Brazilian footballer Zico endorsed Tokyo's bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics. [41]

Tokyo was elected as the host city at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina. [42]

2020 Summer Olympics host city election[43]
City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2
Tokyo  Japan 42 60
Istanbul  Turkey 26 49 36
Madrid  Spain 26 45

Previous bids

Tokyo recently bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics but lost to Rio de Janeiro. Tokyo's first Olympic bid was for the 1940 Summer Olympics. Tokyo won the bid but the games were cancelled due to World War II. They later bid for the 1960 Summer Olympics and lost to Rome. Tokyo made a successful bid for the 1964 Summer Olympics and Tokyo became the first Asian city to host the Olympic Games.

Tokyo's successful 2020 bid is the city's fifth bid for the games, making it the fourth city to host the Summer Olympics two times. Paris, Los Angeles and Athens have hosted the games twice, with London hosting for a third time in 2012. With Tokyo's selection as host of the 2020 games, it marks the fourth Olympic Game to be held in Japan.

Previous bids from other Japanese cities

Osaka bid to host the 2008 Olympics but lost to Beijing. Nagoya bid for the 1988 Summer Olympics and lost to Seoul.

Japan has also made bids for the Winter Olympics. Sapporo was awarded the 1940 Winter Olympics but it was cancelled due to World War II. They later bid for the 1968 Winter Olympics but lost to Grenoble. Sapporo successfully bid for the 1972 Winter Olympics, which marked the first Winter Olympic game held in Asia. They later made a bid for the 1984 Winter Olympics but lost to Sarajevo.

Nagano successfully bid to host the 1998 Winter Olympics, which marked the second Winter Olympic Games celebrated in Asia.


The Tokyo Big Sight exhibition center would be used as the International Broadcast Center
View of the Rainbow Bridge from Odaiba Marine Park
The Wakasu Golf Links and Wakasu Olympic Marina is where Golf and Sailing would be held

It was confirmed in February 2012 that the National Olympic Stadium in Tokyo would receive a $1 billion upgrade and full-scale reconstruction for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as well as the 2020 Olympics.[44] As a result, a design competition for the new stadium was launched. In November 2012 the Japan Sport Council announced that out of 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the design for the new stadium. Plans include dismantling the original stadium, and expanding the capacity from 50,000 to a modern Olympic capacity of about 80,000.[45]

The possibility of renovating the National Olympic Stadium had been previously discussed. Following a renovation, the venue would host the opening and closing ceremonies as well as track and field events. Renovating the stadium would reduce costs of organizing the games in the event that Tokyo wins their bid. In their 2016 bid, Tokyo proposed building a new Olympic Stadium on the Tokyo Bay waterfront near the Olympic Village, which would have cost $1.3 billion.[46]

Inside 8km from Olympic Village

Outside of 8km from Olympic Village

  • Asaka Shooting Range - Shooting
  • Musashino Forest Modern Pentathlon Centre - Modern Pentathlon (fencing, swimming)
  • Tokyo Stadium - Football and Modern Pentathlon (riding, running, shooting)

Orther Village

Football Venues

The Sapporo Dome in Sapporo

Tokyo 2020 Bid Committee

Executive Board


See also


  1. ^ Holthus, Barbara; Gagné, Isaac; Manzenreiter, Wolfram; Waldenberger, Franz (2020-04-23). Japan Through the Lens of the Tokyo Olympics Open Access. Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003033905. ISBN 978-1-003-03390-5.
  2. ^ "IOC approves addition of five sports for 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Olympics-Tokyo tiptoes into 2020 bid race". 15 July 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2016 – via Reuters.
  4. ^ Hiroshima Opts Out Of 2020 Olympic Bid
  5. ^ Japanese Olympic Committee To Appoint Chairman For Tokyo 2020 Bid
  6. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Launches Bid Committee". Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  7. ^ New Council Boosts Tokyo 2020
  8. ^ Tokyo 2020 Showcases New Olympic Bid Logo
  9. ^ Tokyo To Reduce 2020 Olympics Bid Budget
  10. ^ Tokyo 2020 Games Could Generate $2 Billion
  11. ^ Tokyo 2020 Gets Another Boost
  12. ^ Japan's Upper House Adopts Tokyo 2020 Resolution
  13. ^ National Government Backs Tokyo 2020
  14. ^ a b Tokyo 2020 Gets Major Support
  15. ^ Tokyo 2020 Appoints Gold Medalist As Sports Director
  16. ^ "Team GB Uniform Reaction; Tokyo 2020 Addition; Generations for Peace First". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  17. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Appoints Communications Director". Archived from the original on 2012-04-03. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  18. ^ "Olympic News - Official Source of Olympic News". 8 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  19. ^ "A Tokyo win "would create more than 150,000 jobs", says new research". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Tokyo 2020 bid team unveils "Discover Tomorrow" slogan". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  21. ^ "Public support grows for Tokyo 2020 after London 2012". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  22. ^ "Dazzling re-design for 2019 World Cup final venue". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  23. ^ "2020 Candidate Cities deliver Candidature Files - Olympic News". 20 July 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Latest Poll Confirms Strong Support for Tokyo 2020". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Support for Tokyo 2020 campaign at new high survey shows". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Support growing for Tokyo 2020 bid new survey claims". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  27. ^ "Tokyo bid suffers in IOC support poll of residents". 2009-05-02. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
  28. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Leaders Kick-off Evaluation Commission Visit|The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  29. ^ "IOC Evaluation Commission Visit - Day3 : Showcasing Japanese technology, Tokyo promises the Olympic Movement will 'Discover Tomorrow'|The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  30. ^ "In Promoting His City for 2020 Games, Tokyo's Bid Chairman Tweaks Others". The New York Times. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  31. ^ "- The Washington Post". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  32. ^ "Azeri President Makes Big Pledge; Tokyo Governor Apologizes; IOC Member Now King". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  33. ^ "Istanbul 2020 bid will be "strengthened" by Turkish riots, it is claimed". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  34. ^ "IOC sources say Tokyo leads race for hosting 2020 Olympics". 18 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2016-08-08. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  35. ^ "Queen's Birthday Honors; Canada Inspects Sochi; Germany Observes Olympic Day". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  36. ^ "IOC releases 2020 Evaluation Commission Report - Olympic News". 21 July 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  37. ^ "IOC Presidential candidates to present to Session in Lausanne this July". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  38. ^ "Fukushima crisis should not affect Tokyo 2020 bid, claims Governor Inose". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  39. ^ "Exclusive: Tokyo 2020 sends Fukushima letter to IOC members". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  40. ^ ""We are not worried about Fukushima" insists adamant Takeda once again". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  41. ^ "Olympics Features: Zico gives backing to Tokyo 2020 Bid as Host City selection draws nearer". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  42. ^ COI - 125th IOC Session
  43. ^ Wilson, Stephen (8 September 2013). "Results of the IOC vote to host the 2020 Summer Olympics". Austin American-Statesman. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  44. ^ "Super Bowl Ads; Japan National Stadium Upgrade; Contador Banned". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  45. ^ New National Stadium design announced, boosting Tokyo Olympic bid Archived 2013-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ Tokyo 2020 Bid Venue Could Be Renovated Archived 2014-02-03 at the Wayback Machine
  47. ^ "About Us>>TOKYO 2020 CANDIDATE CITY". Archived from the original on 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2013-08-25.

External links

Original content from Wikipedia, shared with licence Creative Commons By-Sa - Tokyo bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics