Ukrainian Naval Infantry

The marine corps of Ukraine

Encyclopedia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Naval Infantry Corps
Морська пiхота України
БЗ МП.svg
Cap badge (cockade) of the Ukrainian Naval Infantry
FoundedMay 23, 1918 (1918-05-23)[1]
Country Ukraine
Branch Ukrainian Navy
TypeMarines
RoleAmphibious warfare, coastal defense
Garrison/HQMykolaiv
Motto(s)"Always faithful!" (Ukrainian: Вірний завжди!)
ColorsLight green[1]
AnniversariesMay 23[2]
EngagementsUkrainian War of Independence
Ukrainian–Soviet War
2014 Crimean crisis
War in Donbas
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Commanders
Commanding General Marine Corps/
Commanding Officer Fleet Marine Division
LTG Yuriy Sodol
Insignia
Tactical recognition flashКМП нз.svg
Service flagFlag of the Ukrainian Naval Infantry.png
Garrison colourПрапор МП.png

The Ukrainian Naval Infantry Corps (Ukrainian: Морська піхота України) is part of coastal defense troops of the Ukrainian Navy. It is used as a component part of amphibious, airborne and amphibious-airborne operations, alone or in coordination with formations and units of the Army in order to capture parts of the seashore, islands, ports, fleet bases, coast airfields and other coast objects from the enemy. It can also be used to defend naval bases, vital shoreline areas, separate islands and coast objects, and security of hostile areas.[3]

Mission

The Naval Infantry's missions are to:

  • Act independently during attacks on enemy's naval installations, ports, islands and coastal areas
  • Clear the enemy's coastal areas & provide security during the landing of the main forces.[4]

Its motto is Вірний завжди! ("Always Faithful!") .

History

The Marine Corps is descended from the formations of the Black Sea Fleet Naval Infantry of the former Imperial Russian Navy.

Hetmanate

A Ukrainian Naval Infantry BTR-80 takes part in Exercise Sea Breeze 2010.

Former Russian Imperial army general Pavlo Skoropadskyi understood the importance of naval infantry in providing security to the country. Being the commander-in-chief of land and naval forces, Skoropadskyi brought attention to creating the naval infantry during his first month in power. On May 23, 1918, he ordered the Department of Navy to Begin forming a Brigade of naval infantry consisting of three regiments.[2][5][6]

The mission of the Naval Infantry was protecting coastal areas, serving as a garrison force for forts and conducting landing operations. According to the order the Brigade was divided into three regiments. First regiment was responsible for the areas between the western border until the village of Suchavka, near Odesa. Second regiment was responsible for territory between Suchavka and Stanislavov. Third regiment protected the areas from Stanislavov until Perekop. Brigade was also put in charge of guarding the property of the Navy Department.[5]

Each of the three regiments consisted of three kurins. Each kurin consisted of three Sotnia and a machine gun unit. Commandant of the first regiment was Ilarion Isaievych.[5]

On August 31, 1918, each unit was given the permanent headquarters. First regiment's HQ was located in Odesa, second's HQ in Mykolaiv and third's HQ in Kherson. Also at this time 3 squadrons of cavalry were formed. First was stationed in Odesa, second in Ochakiv and third in Perekop.[5]

In October 1918 new recruits born in 1899, would have joined the ranks of the naval infantry, however due to the political situation of that autumn the recruits had to wait until a better time.[5]

Not long after, Pavlo Skoropadskyi was removed from power in an uprising led by Symon Petliura. The Naval Infantry continued to faithfully serve their nation under the banner of the Ukrainian People's Republic. Many of them have died for freedom and independence.[5]

Modern history

A Ukrainian naval infantryman armed with a Dragunov sniper rifle takes part in Exercise Northern Light '03 on the west coast of Scotland.

On February 22, 1993, the 880th Separate Naval Infantry Battalion of the Black Sea Fleet commanded by Major Vitaliy Rozhmanov pledged their allegiance to Ukraine.[4][7]

After the Navy was created on July 1, 1993, as a separate service branch of the Armed Forces, the first battalion of the Naval Infantry was formed in the city of Sevastopol.[4][8] The first naval infantrymen were transferred from the airmobile units. On September 1, 1993, the 41st Separate Naval Infantry Battalion was formed. By September 20, 1994, the 4th Naval Infantry Brigade was stationed in the Tylove village of Crimea.[8]

From May 1996 until 1998, the Brigade was a part of the Ukrainian National Guard.[8] In 1998, it was transferred to the Navy and re-designated the 1st Separate Naval Infantry Brigade.[8] In 1999, the Brigade consisted of two battalions numbering 1,500 marines.[9] During 2003–04, the Ukrainian armed forces underwent a program to reduce the number of brigades, and the Naval Infantry Brigade was reduced to a Battalion.[8]

Ukrainian marines and US Marines simulating casualty extraction using a Mi-8 during the multinational Sea Breeze exercise in 2011.

The command of the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine made a decision to form a new naval infantry battalion by force of a mechanised battalion located in Kerch. In December 2013 the militaries of the new 501st Separate Naval Infantry Battalion have taken the Naval Infantry Oath.[10]

The 1st Separate Naval Infantry Battalion was under the jurisdiction of the 36th Separate Coastal Defence Brigade,[4] and it was stationed in Feodosiya and there was also another one battalion (501st Bn.) which was stationed in Kerch; both were in the Crimea until late March 2014. After the Russian annexation of the Crimea the battalions were deployed to another location out of the peninsula. After the annexation of Crimea Ukraine's marine forces composed of only about 200 active duty personnel.[11]

Special reconnaissance units of the marine corps were deployed against insurgents during the 2014 War in Donbas. Oleksandr Zinchenko of the 73rd Spetsnaz Detachment was the first Ukrainian Marine killed during the War in Donbas.[12] The Ukrainian Marine Corps was particularly hard hit by the Crimea Crisis as all of their forces except for the 73rd Spetsnaz Detachment were stationed on the peninsula, due to this the unit had to undergo extensive reorganization before being able to be deployed to the war in the Donbas.[13][14][15][16]

In September 2014 the Ministry of Defense announced that the marine corps were reforming from the Crimea Crisis and the remaining members of the 1st Marine Battalion which was stationed in Feodosya would take an active part in the War in Donbas.[17] On 29 October 2014 Ukraine's Marine Corps conventional forces, recently recovered from the Crimea Crisis suffered their first casualty near Mariupol, the Marine was a Major and was killed when his unit's position came under Russian artillery fire.[18]

On 8 November 2014 Ukrainian marines returned to their permanent place of deployment in Mykolaiv as part of a regular rotation of Ukrainian forces during the War in Donbas.[19]

On 23 May 2018, the NI celebrated the first Marine Corps Birthday celebrations, the holiday being officially sanctioned by President Petro Poroshenko as part of a nationalization of the former Soviet holidays, replacing those with the ones celebrating Ukrainian military history. The holiday marked the formation of the first marine units in May 1918, during the Ukrainian War of Independence. New colours were awarded incorporating the speciality badge awarded to the unit in 2007. The NI was transformed into the Fleet Marine Division with 2 brigades and an independent brigade of marine artillery. The former black berets were changed to light green following the practice of the British Royal Marines and the Italian Army Lagunari.[20][21][22]

The new colours include the blue cross from the naval ensign as an acknowledgement of its role as a constituent service of the Navy. Plans are underway for the formation of a 3rd Marine brigade, bringing the total number of brigades to four plus one MRL regiment, with an option for a fourth brigade.

If the expansion continues it can be possible that the Naval Infantry Corps will be elevated to a full Corps-sized formation within the Navy, becoming the largest ever marine unit in Eastern Europe outside of Russia and with possible accession to NATO, the largest marine component within its European member armed forces.

Reform

The ideal goal in the reform of the Naval Infantry Corps is to form a unit which would be similar to the units sent to Iraq. It is planned that there will be no more conscripts in the Naval Infantry, only professional naval infantrymen under contract service.[23]

Armed Forces of Ukraine
Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Main branches
Ensign of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.svg Ground Forces
Ensign of the Ukrainian Air Force.svg Air Force
Naval Ensign of Ukraine.svg Navy
Flag of the Ukrainian Air Assault Forces.svg Airmobile Forces
Flag of the Special Operations Forces of Ukraine.svg Special Operations Forces
Other Corps
Flag of the Ukrainian Naval Infantry.png Naval Infantry
Related Services
Flag of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.svg Ministry of Defence
General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces Flag.svg General Staff
Эмблема МВД Украины.svg Ministry of Internal Affairs
NSAU Logo1.svg National Space Agency
Intelligence
Flag of the Security Service of Ukraine.svg Security Service
Flag of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine.svg Foreign Intelligence Service
Emblem of the Defence Intelligence of Ukraine.svg Military Intelligence Service
History of the Ukrainian Military
History of Ukraine
History of Ukraine during WWII
History of Ukraine during WWI

Organization

1918 structure

  • 1st Regiment - Odessa
    • 1st Kurin
      • 1st Sotnia
      • 2nd Sotnia
      • 3rd Sotnia
      • machine gun unit
    • 2nd Kurin
    • 3rd Kurin
  • 2nd Regiment - Mykolaiv
  • 3rd Regiment - Kherson
  • 1st Cavalry Squadron - Odesa
  • 2nd Cavalry Squadron - Ochakiv
  • 3rd Cavalry Squadron - Perekop

1998 structure

  • Corps HQ
  • 1st Air Assault Battalion "Lion"
  • 2nd Air Assault Battalion "Berkut"
  • 1st Air Assault Reconnaissance Battalion "Sword"
  • Separate Combat Engineer Battalion "Crab"
  • Separate Signal Company
  • 1st Anti-Tank Battalion
  • 1st Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion
  • 1st Marine Artillery Battalion
  • 2nd Marine Artillery Battalion

Fleet Naval Infantry Division

Ukrainian marines practicing urban warfare during the Rapid Trident 2014 exercise on 23 September 2014.

As of 2018 the Fleet Naval Infantry Division's structure is as follows:

  • Fleet Naval Infantry Division of the Ukrainian Navy, Mykolaiv
    • Division HQ
    • Division HQ Services Battalion
    • 36th Naval Infantry Brigade, Mykolaiv
      • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • 1st Naval Infantry Battalion, Mykolaiv (BTR-80)
      • 501st Naval Infantry Battalion, Mariupol (BTR-80)
      • 1st Tank Battalion (T-64)
      • 1st Naval Infantry Brigade Artillery Group
        • Regimental HQ and Target Acquisition Battery
        • 1st Naval Infantry Self-propelled Field Artillery Battalion (2S1 Gvozdika)
        • 1st Naval Infantry Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion (BM-21 Grad)
        • 1st Naval Infantry Anti-tank Artillery Battalion (MT-12 Rapira)
        • Naval Infantry Artillery Reconnaissance Battalion
        • Security Company
        • Engineer Company
        • Replacement and Maintenance Battery
        • Logistics Company
        • Signals Platoon
        • CBRN-defense Platoon
      • 1st Naval Infantry Anti-Air Defense Missile Artillery Battalion
      • 1st Naval Infantry Engineer Battalion
      • Naval Infantry Maintenance Battalion
      • Naval Infantry Logistics Battalion
      • Reconnaissance Company
      • Sniper Company
      • Electronic Warfare Company
      • Signals Company
      • Anti-Aircraft Radar Company
      • CBRN-defense Company
      • Medical Company
      • Military Police Company
      • Naval Infantry Brigade Band
    • 35th Naval Infantry Brigade, Dachne
      • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • 18th Naval Infantry Battalion
      • 88th Air Assault Battalion
      • 137th Naval Infantry Battalion
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Brigade Artillery Group
        • Regimental HQ and Target Acquisition Battery
        • Naval Infantry Self-propelled Field Artillery Battalion (2S1 Gvozdika)
        • Naval Infantry Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion (BM-21 Grad)
        • Naval Infantry Anti-tank Artillery Battalion (MT-12 Rapira)
        • Naval Infantry Artillery Reconnaissance Battalion
        • Security Company
        • Engineer Company
        • Replacement and Maintenance Battery
        • Logistics Company
        • Signals Platoon
        • CBRN-defense Platoon
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Tank Battalion (under formation)
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Anti-Air Defense Missile Artillery Battalion
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Engineer Battalion
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Maintenance Battalion
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Logistics Battalion
      • Reconnaissance Company
      • Sniper Company
      • Electronic Warfare Company
      • Signals Company
      • Anti-Aircraft Radar Company
      • CBRN-defense Company
      • Medical Company
      • Military Police Company
      • 2nd Naval Infantry Brigade Band
    • 32nd Naval Infantry MRL Artillery Regiment, Altestove
      • Headquarters & Headquarters Battery
      • Rocket Artillery Battalion (BM-27 Uragan)
      • Rocket Artillery Battalion (BM-21 Grad)
      • Rocket Artillery Battalion (BM-21 Grad)
      • Security Company
      • Engineer Company
      • MRL Replacement and Maintenance Company
      • Logistic Company
      • Signal Platoon
      • CBRN-defense Platoon
      • Regimental Band
    • 406th Naval Infantry Field and Coastal Defense Artillery Brigade (Amphibious)
      • Headquarters & Target Acquisition Battery
      • 64th Field Artillery Battalion (MU А4217), Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, Odessa Oblast
      • 65th Field Artillery Battalion (MU А3687), Dachne-2 village, Odessa Oblast
      • 66th Field Artillery Battalion Battalion (MU А2611), Berdyansk, Zaporizhzhia Oblast
      • 67th Field Artillery Battalion (MU А1804), Ochakiv, Mykolaiv Oblast
      • 1st Naval Infantry Anti-tank Artillery Battalion (MT-12 Rapira)
      • Naval Infantry Artillery Reconnaissance Battalion
      • Security Company
      • Engineers Company
      • Maintenance and Replacement Battery
      • Logistics Company
      • Signals Platoon
      • CBRN-defense Platoon
      • Naval Infantry Brigade Band
    • 37th Naval Infantry Signals Regiment, Radisne, Odessa Oblast
    • 140th Naval Infantry Reconnaissance Battalion (Separate) (new raising as of 2019)[24]
    • 7th Naval Infantry Divisional Anti-Air Defense Missile Artillery Battalion, Ochakiv, Mykolaiv Oblast (to be expanded to regiment)
    • Naval Infantry Engineer Battalion (to be expanded to Regiment size)
    • Naval Infantry Maintenance Battalion
    • Naval Infantry Division Logistics Battalion
    • Sniper Company
    • Electronic Warfare Company
    • Signal Company
    • Anti-Aircraft Radar Company
    • CBRN-defense Company
    • Divisional Medical Company (to be expanded to battalion)
    • Military Police Company (to be expanded into battalion)
    • Naval Infantry Division Band Mykolaiv

It was announced June 10, 2019 that the 56th Motorized Brigade may be transferred to the Ukrainian Naval Infantry.[25] It is not known if the 56th Brigade would be redesignated as either the 37th or 40th Naval Infantry Brigades or if it will retain its current designation as 56th Brigade.

The Naval Infantry infantry battalions are organized as follows:

  • Naval Infantry Battalion Headquarters & Headquarters Platoon
    • 1st Naval Infantry Air Assault Company[26]
    • 2nd Naval Infantry Infantry Company
    • 3rd Naval Infantry Infantry Company
    • Mortar Battery
    • Logistic Company
    • Reconnaissance Platoon
    • Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Platoon
    • Anti-tank Artillery Platoon
    • Engineer Platoon
    • Landing Equipment Platoon
    • Signal Platoon
    • Medical Platoon

The tank and artillery battalions are organized similarly but with one to 4 tank companies or artillery batteries.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Poroshenko enacts law on Ukraine's Air Assault Forces, UNIAN (23 May 2018)
  2. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Marines received new berets and a new holiday, Ukrayinska Pravda (23 May 2018)
  3. ^ Structure of Ukrainian Armed Forces
  4. ^ a b c d "Військо України" Archived 2007-10-15 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b c d e f Морська Держава :: Головна сторiнка - Анонси Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ (in Ukrainian) A long way to the sea: Marines of the Ukrainian People's Republic, Istorychna Pravda (29 April 2021)
  7. ^ Тенюх Ігор Йосипович Archived 2014-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b c d e Морская пехота - состав и дислокация ч2 Archived 2007-09-21 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Microsoft Word - Neutrality-UA_m.doc
  10. ^ Воїни керченського батальйону склали клятву морського піхотинця (in Ukrainian). Уніан. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
  11. ^ "КорреспонденT.net. На маленьком флоту. На что сейчас способны остатки украинского флота". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Під Донецьком героїчно загинув командир очаківських морських піхотинців". ТСН.ua. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Новости Одессы. В Одессе, Николаеве и Киеве собирают помощь для морских пехотинцев, отправляющихся в АТО". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Викна-Одесса. В Одессе, Николаеве и Киеве собирают помощь для морских пехотинцев, отправляющихся в АТО". Викна-Одесса: Художественная интернет-галерея. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  15. ^ "Одесская жизнь. Стало известно, кого из военных моряков отправляют в зону АТО". 17 August 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Vesti.lv. Остатки морской пехоты отправят на Донбасс (видео)". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  17. ^ "Одессе, Николаеве и Киеве собирают помощь для морских пехотинцев, отправляющихся в АТО : Новости : Викна-Одесса". Викна-Одесса: Художественная интернет-галерея. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  18. ^ "Українські морпіхи зазнали перших втрат в АТО". UA Press.
  19. ^ "На первую ротацию вернулась из Донбасса легендарные крымские морские пехотинцы". TSN.
  20. ^ "Порошенко урочисто змінив колір беретів морпіхів і встановив День морської піхоти". espreso.tv/. Еспресо TV. 2018-05-23. Retrieved 23 травня 2018. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  21. ^ "Морські піхотинці отримали нові берети та нове свято". www.pravda.com.ua/. Українська правда. 2018-05-23. Retrieved 23 травня 2018. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  22. ^ "100 років тому була створена морська піхота України". novynarnia.com/. Новинарня. 2018-05-23. Retrieved 23 травня 2018. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  23. ^ Міністерство оборони України - Новини Archived 2012-08-05 at archive.today
  24. ^ "В морській піхоті України формується розвідувальний батальйон". mil.in.ua/. Український мілітарний портал. 2019-03-04. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  25. ^ "56-у мотопіхотну бригаду передадуть морській піхоті".
  26. ^ (in Ukrainian) Marine paratroopers received German jump wings
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