Uttar Dinajpur district district of West Bengal, India

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Uttar Dinajpur district
Oxbow Lake at Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary 1.jpg
Radhikapur3.jpg
Raiganj Station during diwali.jpg
Bhairabi Temple at Bindole.jpg
From top-left: Raiganj wildlife sanctuary, Radhikapur, Raiganj station, Bhairabi temple at Bindole
Location of Uttar Dinajpur district in West Bengal
Location of Uttar Dinajpur district in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
DivisionMalda
HeadquartersRaiganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesRaiganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesChopra, Islampur, Goalpokhar, Chakulia, Karandighi, Hemtabad, Kaliaganj, Raiganj, Itahar
Area
 • Total3,142 km2 (1,213 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,007,134
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy60.12 per cent
 • Sex ratio936
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 12
Websiteuttardinajpur.nic.in

Uttar Dinajpur (Bengali pronunciation: [utor dinadʒpur]) or উত্তর দিনাজপুর is a district of the Indian state of West Bengal. Created on 1 April 1992 by the division of the erstwhile West Dinajpur district, it comprises two subdivisions: Raiganj and Islampur. Tourist - Places Kulik Bird Sanctuary,Largest bird Sanctuary of Asia is part of Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, Swaminath Temple at Swaminath, Rajbari at Rajbari Gate, Shiv Mandir at Itahar, Danhasori Pithasthal at Chandigram, Shree Shree Ma Bhabani Devi Than at Bouaha.

Geography

Uttar Dinajpur district lies between latitude 25°11' N to 26°49' N and longitude 87°49' E to 90°00' E occupying an area of 3142 km² enclosed by Panchagarh, Thakurgaon and Dinajpur districts of Bangladesh on the east, Kishanganj, Purnia and Katihar districts of Bihar on the west, Darjeeling district and Jalpaiguri district on the north and Malda district and Dakshin Dinajpur district on the south. Uttar Dinajpur is well connected with the rest of the state through National Highways, State Highways and Railways. NH-27 and NH-12 pass through the heart of the district.

The regional topography is generally flat with a gentle southerly slope towards which the main rivers like Kulik, Nagar, Mahananda. The District forms a part of the basin lying between Rajmahal hills on the east. The older alluvium is estimated to be Pleistocene age. Uttar Dinajpur is bestowed with a very fertile soil. The soil is very rich in nature due to the alluvial deposition which helps to grow Paddy, Jute, Mesta and Sugarcane etc. Raiganj on the banks of the River Kulik is the District Headquarters where the "Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary", the second largest bird sanctuary in Asia, is situated. In Uttar Dinajpur district, there are 2 sub-divisions, Raiganj and Islampur, 110 km (68 mi) apart from each other. There are 4 Municipalities, 9 Blocks and 99 Panchayats covering 1577 villages.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Uttar Dinajpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1] but now Dalkhola the main commercial, business town with well connected railway and roadways. increasing the economy of Dalkhola and Uttar Dinajpur District.

Divisions

Sub-divisions

Uttar Dinajpur District comprises 2 subdivisions:

Assembly constituencies

The district is divided into 9 assembly constituencies:[2]

  1. Chopra (assembly constituency no. 28),
  2. Islampur (assembly constituency no. 29),
  3. Goalpokhar (assembly constituency no. 30),
  4. Karandighi (assembly constituency no. 32),
  5. Raiganj (assembly constituency no. 35),
  6. Kaliaganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. 33),
  7. Itahar (assembly constituency no. 34)
  1. Chakulia (assembly constituency no. 31)
  1. Hemtabad (assembly constituency no.33 )

Raiganj and Kaliaganj constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with five assembly constituencies from Darjeeling district, Chopra and Islampur constituencies form the Darjeeling (Lok Sabha constituency). Goalpokhar, Karandighi, Raiganj and Itahar constituencies are part of the Raiganj (Lok Sabha constituency), which also contains three assembly constituencies from Malda district. Along with six assembly constituencies from South Dinajpur district, Kaliaganj forms the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency), which is reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates.

Impact of delimitation of constituencies

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the district will be divided into 9 assembly constituencies:[3]

  1. Chopra (assembly constituency no. 28),
  2. Islampur (assembly constituency no. 29),
  3. Goalpokhar (assembly constituency no. 30),
  4. Chakulia (assembly constituency no. 31),
  5. Karandighi (assembly constituency no. 32),
  6. Hemtabad (SC) (assembly constituency no. 33),
  7. Kaliaganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. 34),
  8. Raiganj (assembly constituency no. 35),
  9. Itahar (assembly constituency no. 36) and

Hemtabad and Kaliaganj constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with six assembly constituencies from Darjeeling district, Chopra constituency will form the Darjeeling (Lok Sabha constituency). Islampur, Goalpokhar, Chakulia, Karandighi, Hemtabad, Kaliaganj and Raiganj constituencies will form the Raiganj (Lok Sabha constituency). Along with six assembly constituencies from South Dinajpur district, Itahar will form the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency).

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901401,121—    
1911428,300+0.66%
1921376,366−1.28%
1931403,576+0.70%
1941451,684+1.13%
1951528,607+1.59%
1961760,199+3.70%
19711,087,269+3.64%
19811,415,653+2.67%
19911,897,045+2.97%
20012,441,794+2.56%
20113,007,134+2.10%
source:[4]
Religion in Uttar Dinajpur[5]
Religion in Uttar Dinajpur Percent
Muslims
49.92%
Hindus
49.31%
Christians
0.56%
Sikhs
0.02%
Others
0.19%

Languages of Uttar Dinajpur district (2011).[6][7]

  Bengali (68.06%)
  Surjapuri (13.22%)
  Urdu (9.48%)
  Santali (3.77%)
  Hindi (3.76%)
  Rajbongshi (1.03%)
  Others (0.62%)

According to the 2011 census Uttar Dinajpur district has a population of 3,007,134,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Albania[9] or the US state of Mississippi.[10] This gives it a ranking of 124th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 956 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,480/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.9%.[8] Uttar Dinajpur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 60.13%.[8][11]

The total population is nearly 25 lakh (2.5 million), consisting mainly of rural masses. Bengali is the main language but a sizeable number of Urdu, Hindi and Maithili speaking people live in Islampur sub-division. It is one of the most backward districts of India educationally and economically owing to state neglect. The major native dialect is called locally Surjapuri or Rajbongshi (or even Dinajpuri).

According to the 2011 census, 68.06% of the population spoke Bengali, 13.22% Surjapuri, 9.48% Urdu, 3.77% Santali, 3.76% Hindi and 1.03% Rajbongshi as their first language.[6][7]

Flora and fauna

In 1985 Uttar Dinajpur district became home to the Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi).[12]

Transport

Major railway stations are Raiganj(RGJ), Radhikapur (RDP), Kaliyagunj, Dalkolha and Aluabari Road Jn (Islampur). Dalkolha is most important stoppage of long distance train. NH 27 and NH 12 are two National Highways in this District. Radhikapur-Kolkata (RDP-KOAA) Express train is the only direct train for Raiganj to South Bengal Communication. Although RDP-SGUJ DEMU is the only direct train for Raiganj to North Bengal Communication. NBSTC, SBSTC are transport corporations serving the area. Siliguri More is that point zone which connect four district zone North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur, North Bengal and South Bengal through High Ways.

Education

As of 2012, there were 3282 schools in the Uttar Dinajpur district. 3100 of these are in rural areas, and 182 urban.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  2. ^ "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Press Note, Delimitation Commission" (PDF). Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Delimitation Commission. Retrieved 16 November 2008.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b "DISTRIBUTION OF THE 22 SCHEDULED LANGUAGES-INDIA/STATES/UNION TERRITORIES - 2011 CENSUS" (PDF).
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Albania 2,994,667 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Mississippi 2,967,297
  11. ^ Hernández-Campoy, Juan Manuel; Conde-Silvestre, Juan Camilo (15 February 2012). The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics. ISBN 9781118257265.
  12. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: West Bengal". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  13. ^ "List of Schools in Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal". All India Facts. Retrieved 30 January 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 25°37′N 88°07′E / 25.62°N 88.12°E / 25.62; 88.12

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